The Business Income of Cultural and Related Industries Above Designated Size in 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2021-02-01 09:30




According to the survey of 60,000 enterprises in cultural and related industries above designated size in China, in 2020, the above-mentioned enterprises achieved an operating revenue of 9,851.4 billion yuan, which was 2.2 percent [1] higher than that of the previous year (see Note 6 for details), with a decrease of 0.6 percent in the first three quarters; 16 industries [2] with obvious characteristics of new cultural formats achieved an operating revenue of 3,142.5 billion yuan, with an increase of 22.1 percent.

 

In terms of industry categories, among the nine industries of culture and related industries, the operating revenue of news and information services was 938.2 billion yuan, an increase of 18.0 percent over the previous year; that of creative design services was 1,564.5 billion yuan, an increase of 11.1 percent; that of cultural consumption terminal production was 1,880.8 billion yuan, an increase of 5.1 percent; that of content creation production was 2,327.5 billion yuan, an increase of 4.7 percent; that of cultural investment and operation was 45.1 billion yuan, an increase of 2.8 percent; that of cultural equipment production was 589.3 billion yuan, an increase of 1.1 percent; that of cultural entertainment and leisure services, cultural communication channels, cultural auxiliary production and intermediary services decreased by 30.2, 11.8 and 6.9 percent respectively.

 

In terms of industry types, the operating revenue of cultural manufacturing industry was 3,737.8 billion yuan, down 0.9 percent over the previous year, 2.9 percentage points lower than that in the first three quarters; that of cultural wholesale and retail industry was 1,517.3 billion yuan, down 4.5 percent and 5.5 percentage points lower than that in the first three quarters; that of cultural service industry was 4,596.4 billion yuan, up 7.5 percent and 1.5 percentage points higher than that in the first three quarters.

 

In terms of sub sectors, the operating revenue of the core cultural field [3] was 6,029.5 billion yuan, an increase of 3.8 percent over the previous year, and the growth rate was 2.3 percentage points higher than that in the first three quarters; the related cultural field was 3,822 billion yuan, a decrease of 0.1 percent, and the decline rate was 3.7 percentage points lower than that in the first three quarters.

 

In terms of regions, the operating revenue in the western region was 904.4 billion yuan, an increase of 4.1 percent over the previous year, and the growth rate was 3.2 percentage points higher than that in the first three quarters; the operating revenue in the eastern and central regions was 7,394.3 and 1,465.6 billion yuan, respectively, and the growth rate decreased from 0.4 and 1.5 percent in the first three quarters to 2.3 and 1.4 percent respectively; the operating revenue in the northeast region was 87.2 billion yuan, a decrease of 8.6 percent, and the decrease rate narrowed by 7.3 percentage points.

 

Notes:

 

[1] It refers to nominal growth, without deducting the price factor.

[2] The 16 industries with obvious characteristics of the new format are: Radio and television integrated broadcast control, Internet search service, other Internet information services, digital publishing, other cultural and art industries, animation, game digital content services, Internet game services, multimedia, game animation and digital publishing software development, value-added telecommunication cultural services, other cultural digital content services, Internet advertising service, Internet culture and entertainment platform, copyright and culture software service, intelligent UAV manufacturing for entertainment, wearable intelligent cultural equipment manufacturing, and other intelligent cultural consumer equipment manufacturing.

[3] The core areas of culture include six industries: news and information services, content creation and production, creative design services, cultural communication channels, cultural investment and operation, cultural entertainment and leisure services, and cultural related fields include three industries: cultural auxiliary production and intermediary services, cultural equipment production, and cultural consumption terminal production.

 

Business Income of Cultural and Related Industry Enterprises Above Designated Size in 2020

 

 

Absolute Value

100 million yuan

Growth Rate

 Y/Y%

Proportion

%

2020

Q1-Q3

 

 

 

 

 

Total

98514

2.2

-0.6

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 By Industry Category

 

 

 

 

  News Information Service

9382

18.0

17.0

9.5

  Content Creation and Production

23275

4.7

4.1

23.6

  Creative Design Services

15645

11.1

9.0

15.9

  Cultural Communication Channels

10428

-11.8

-16.5

10.6

  Cultural Investment and Operation

451

2.8

0.2

0.5

  Cultural, Entertainment and Leisure Services

1115

-30.2

-39.9

1.1

  Cultural Auxiliary Production and Intermediary Service

13519

-6.9

-9.5

13.7

  Cultural Equipment Production

5893

1.1

-3.4

6.0

  Cultural Consumption Terminal Production

18808

5.1

0.8

19.1

 

 

 

 

 

 By Industrial Type

 

 

 

 

  Cultural manufacturing

37378

-0.9

-3.8

37.9

  Cultural wholesale and retail

15173

-4.5

-10.0

15.4

  Cultural service industry

45964

7.5

6.0

46.7

 

 

 

 

 

 By Sub Sectors

 

 

 

 

  Core Areas of Culture

60295

3.8

1.5

61.2

  Cultural Related Fields

38220

-0.1

-3.8

38.8

 

 

 

 

 

 By Region

 

 

 

 

  Eastern Region

73943

2.3

-0.4

75.1

  Central Region

14656

1.4

-1.5

14.9

  Western Region

9044

4.1

0.9

9.2

  Northeast China

872

-8.6

-15.9

0.9

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

1. The growth rate in the table is the nominal without deducting the price factor.

2. Some of the data in the table are not equal to the sub total due to rounding-off.

 

Annotations:

 

I. Explanatory Notes

 

Culture and related industries refer to the collection of production activities that provide cultural products and cultural related products for the public.

 

According to the Classification of Culture and Related Industries (2018), culture and related industries include nine categories: news and information services, content creation and production, creative design services, cultural communication channels, cultural investment and operation, cultural entertainment and leisure services, cultural auxiliary production and intermediary services, cultural equipment production and cultural consumption terminal production.

 

Business income refers to the sum of "main business income" and "other business income".

 

II. Statistical Coverage

 

The statistical coverage of cultural and related industries above designated size is the industrial enterprises with annual main business income of 20 million yuan or above, the wholesale enterprises with annual main business income of 20 million yuan or above or the retail enterprises with main business income of 5 million yuan or above, and the service enterprises with the number of employees of 50 or above or the annual business income of 10 million yuan or above, of which, the annual business income of culture and entertainment service industry is 5 million or more.

 

III. Survey Method

 

Every quarter, the cultural and related industrial legal entities above designated size shall be identified and summarized according to the data obtained from the comprehensive survey of Industrial enterprises above designated size, wholesale and retail enterprises above designated size and service enterprises above designated size on the national statistical online direct reporting platform.

 

IV. Industry Classification Standard

 

Implement the classification of culture and related industries (2018), please refer to:

http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjgz/tzgb/201804/t20180423_1595390.html

 

V. Division on Eastern, Central, Western and Northeastern Regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang.

 

VI. The main reasons for the difference between the business income of cultural and related industries above designated size in 2020 and that of 2019 are as follows: (1) the number of enterprises above designated size increased or decreased. In 2020, some enterprises were included in the scope of investigation when they reached the standard of scale or above, some enterprises were withdrawn from the scope of investigation because of their smaller scale, and some enterprises were newly established and put into operation, bankrupt, and note (suspend) sale enterprises, which changed the number of enterprises above the designated size. In 2020, there were 60,000 enterprises in cultural and related industries above designated size nationwide, an increase of 2,704 over the same period of last year. According to comparable standards, the operating revenue of cultural and related industrial enterprises above designated size in 2019 was 9,636.2 billion yuan. (2) We strengthened the statistical law enforcement, cleaned up the enterprises that did not meet the requirements of above scale and the false data reported in the statistical law enforcement inspection, and revised the relevant base in accordance with the regulations.

Annex
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