Industrial Profits Increased by 4.1 Percent in 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2021-01-28 09:30




In 2020, China's industrial enterprises above designated size achieved a total profit of 6,451.61 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.1 percent (according to the comparable caliber, see Note 2 for details).

 

In 2020, among the industrial enterprises above designated size, state-owned holding enterprises achieved a total profit of 1,486.08 billion yuan, a decrease of 2.9 percent over the previous year; joint stock enterprises achieved a total profit of 4,544.53 billion yuan, an increase of 3.4 percent; enterprises invested by foreign investors, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan achieved a total profit of 1,823.41 billion yuan, an increase of 7.0 percent; private enterprises achieved a total profit of 2,026.18 billion yuan, an increase of 3.1 percent.

 

In 2020, the total profit of the mining industry reached 355.32 billion yuan, down 31.5 percent from the previous year; the total profit of the manufacturing industry reached 5,579.51 billion yuan, up 7.6 percent; the total profit of the power, heat, gas and water production and supply industry reached 516.78 billion yuan, up 4.9 percent.

 

In 2020, of the 41 major industries, 26 industries' total profits increased year on year, while 15 industries decreased. The profits of the main industries are as follows: the total profits of the special equipment manufacturing industry increased by 24.4 percent over the previous year, the chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry increased by 20.9 percent, the non-ferrous metal smelting and processing industry increased by 20.3 percent, the computer, communication and other electronic equipment manufacturing industry increased by 17.2 percent, the general equipment manufacturing industry increased by 13.0 percent, the textile industry increased by 7.9 percent, and the electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry increased by 6.0 percent, agricultural and sideline food processing industry increased by 5.9 percent, automobile manufacturing industry increased by 4.0 percent, power and heat production and supply industry increased by 3.4 percent, and non-metallic mineral products industry increased by 2.7 percent; oil and natural gas exploitation industry decreased by 83.2 percent, oil, coal and other fuel processing industry decreased by 26.5 percent, coal mining and washing industry decreased by 21.1 percent, and ferrous metal smelting and processing industry decreased by 7.5 percent.

 

In 2020, the operating revenue of industrial enterprises above designated size reached 106.14 trillion yuan, an increase of 0.8 percent over the previous year; the operating costs reached 89.04 trillion yuan, an increase of 0.6 percent; the profit margin of operating revenue was 6.08 percent, an increase of 0.20 percentage point over the previous year.

 

By the end of 2020, the assets of industrial enterprises above designated size totaled 126.76 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.7 percent over the end of last year; the liabilities totaled 71.06 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.1 percent; the owner's equity totaled 55.70 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.4 percent; the asset liability ratio was 56.1 percent, a decrease of 0.3 percentage point over the end of last year.

 

By the end of 2020, the accounts receivable of industrial enterprises above designated size was 16.41 trillion yuan, an increase of 15.1 percent over the end of last year, and the inventory of finished products was 4.60 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.5 percent.

 

In 2020, the cost per 100 yuan of operating income of industrial enterprises above designated size was 83.89 yuan, 0.11 yuan less than that of the previous year; the cost per 100 yuan of operating income was 9.17 yuan, 0.14 yuan more than that of the previous year.

 

By the end of 2020, the operating income of industrial enterprises above designated size per 100 yuan of assets was 87.8 yuan, 5.0 yuan less than that at the end of last year; the per capita operating income was 1.45 million yuan, 55 thousand yuan more than that at the end of last year; the turnover days of finished goods inventory was 17.9 days, 1.2 days more than that at the end of last year; the average recovery period of accounts receivable was 51.2 days, 5.8 days more than that at the end of last year.

 

In December 2020, the total profits of industrial enterprises above designated size reached 707.11 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 20.1 percent, 4.6 percentage points faster than that in November.

 

 

 

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in 2020

 

Table I

Indicators

Operating Income

Operating Costs

Total Profits

2020 (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

2020 (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

2020 (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

1061433.6

0.8

890435.0

0.6

64516.1

4.1

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

38812.3

-8.2

28752.9

-4.5

3553.2

-31.5

Manufacturing

941794.0

1.1

790789.5

0.8

55795.1

7.6

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

80827.2

1.1

70892.7

0.7

5167.8

4.9

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

276084.8

-0.9

227002.3

-0.6

14860.8

-2.9

            Joint-Stock Enterprises

790612.9

0.8

663785.5

0.7

45445.3

3.4

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

241779.4

0.9

201443.2

0.7

18234.1

7.0

Of which: Private Enterprises

380009.5

0.7

326156.5

0.4

20261.8

3.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : 1.Due to the overlap of economic type grouping, the total is not equal to the total of sub-items.

2.Due to the rounding-off reasons, the subentries may not add up to the aggregate totals, no adjustment.

 

Quality Performance Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in 2020

 

 

Table II

Indicators

Profit Rate of Revenue

Costs for per-hundred-yuan

 

Expenses for per-hundred-yuan

Revenue from Brought by per Hundred yuan Assets

Per captal Income

Asset-Liability Ratio

Turnover Days of Finished Goods

Average Payback Period of Accounts Receivable

2020 (%)

2020 (yuan)

2020 (yuan)

By the end of 2020 (yuan)

By the end of 2020 (10 thousand yuan/ person)

By the end of 2020 (%)

By the end of 2020 (days)

By the end of 2020 (days)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

6.08

83.89

9.17

87.8

145.0

56.1

17.9

51.2

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

9.15

74.08

13.04

39.4

89.5

60.1

13.3

42.1

Manufacturing

5.92

83.97

9.21

103.8

143.8

55.0

19.6

52.5

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

6.39

87.71

6.87

39.9

241.9

58.8

0.9

40.7

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

5.38

82.22

8.44

59.4

215.6

57.3

13.9

41.0

           Joint-Stock Enterprises

5.75

83.96

9.30

84.7

144.6

56.6

18.2

48.5

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

7.54

83.32

9.08

102.1

148.1

53.7

17.8

62.6

Of which: Private Enterprises

5.33

85.83

8.78

130.0

120.8

57.4

18.1

45.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                   

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises above the

Designated Size in 2020 (Group by Industries)

 

Table III

Indicators

Operating Income

Operating Costs

Total Profits

2020 (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

2020 (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

2020 (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

1061433.6

0.8

890435.0

0.6

64516.1

4.1

Mining and Washing of Coal

20001.9

-8.4

14086.3

-7.8

2222.7

-21.1

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

6674.0

-20.1

5115.2

-1.5

257.1

-83.2

Mining of Ferrous Metal Ores

3951.1

11.2

3110.1

10.2

380.6

74.9

Mining of Non-Ferrous Metal Ores

2661.8

-3.2

1900.0

-5.6

353.7

14.7

Mining And Processing of Nonmetal Ores

3494.7

-1.3

2646.5

-2.3

325.9

4.2

Mining Support Service Activities

2018.9

-7.9

1887.5

-8.4

12.3

223.7

Mining of Other Ores N.E.C

9.8

-68.7

7.4

-73.7

0.9

12.5

Processing of Food From Agricultural Products

47900.0

2.2

43275.6

2.3

2001.2

5.9

Manufacture of Foods

19598.8

1.6

15168.5

1.5

1791.4

6.4

Manufacture of Wines, Beverage and Refined Tea

14829.6

-2.6

9765.0

-4.9

2414.0

8.9

Manufacture of Cigarettes And Tobacco

11433.0

3.1

3587.3

-5.2

1156.3

25.4

Manufacture of Textile

22778.4

-6.7

19955.3

-7.9

1105.4

7.9

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel And Ornament

13697.3

-11.3

11658.6

-11.2

640.4

-21.3

Manufacture of  Leather, Fur, Feather Aad Its Products

10129.1

-14.5

8735.7

-14.5

553.5

-20.7

Processing of Timbers, Manufacture of  Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm, and Straw Products

8208.9

-6.2

7312.2

-6.2

338.7

-8.8

Manufacture of Furniture

6875.4

-6.0

5708.0

-5.7

417.7

-11.1

Manufacture of  Paper and Paper Products

13012.7

-2.2

11035.8

-3.8

826.7

21.2

Printing, Reproduction of Recording Media

6472.3

-5.2

5395.4

-5.1

416.2

-5.7

Manufacture of  Articles for Culture, Education, Artwork, Sport and Entertainment Activity

12423.5

-4.4

10714.6

-4.2

644.4

-9.2

Petroleum, coal and other Fuel Manufacturing

41632.4

-13.4

34631.3

-14.4

868.5

-26.5

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material  and Chemical Products

63117.4

-3.7

52415.9

-4.5

4257.6

20.9

Manufacture of Medicines

24857.3

4.5

14152.6

5.4

3506.7

12.8

Manufacture of Chemical Fibres

7984.2

-10.4

7270.4

-10.6

263.5

-15.1

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

24763.3

-1.0

20542.9

-3.0

1681.6

24.4

Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products

55941.8

-0.1

45901.3

-0.4

4767.4

2.7

Manufacture and Processing of Ferrous Metals

72776.9

5.2

67104.2

5.6

2464.6

-7.5

Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

55606.4

4.2

51771.0

3.7

1479.5

20.3

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

36814.1

1.8

32118.7

1.7

1687.1

4.1

Manufacture of General-Purpose Machinery

40065.7

3.2

32661.3

2.4

2858.8

13.0

Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

32726.5

7.6

25586.5

6.4

2827.6

24.4

Manufacture of Motor Vehicles

81557.7

3.4

68997.1

3.7

5093.6

4.0

Manufacture of Railway Locomotives, Building of Ships and Boats, Manufacture of Air and Spacecrafts and Other Transportation Equipments

11465.8

-0.6

9666.3

-0.8

626.1

-1.5

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

67831.7

4.5

57069.2

4.7

3999.8

6.0

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

120992.1

8.3

105103.0

8.1

5919.2

17.2

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Meter

7660.0

3.5

5730.2

2.8

819.7

11.6

Other Manufacturing

1680.3

0.7

1410.1

0.9

89.7

-7.4

Waste Recycling and Recovery

5630.1

14.2

5224.6

15.6

218.5

-5.2

Repair of  Fabricated Metal Products, Machinery and Equipment

1331.5

-6.7

1120.9

-5.2

59.8

-27.2

Production and Supply of Electric Power and Heat Power

68456.2

1.7

60677.3

1.4

4085.8

3.4

Production and Distribution of Gas

8989.2

-5.4

7731.2

-6.5

691.5

7.7

Production and Distribution of Water

3381.8

6.9

2484.2

7.7

390.4

16.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : 1. Due to the rounding-off reasons, the subentries may not add up to the aggregate totals, no adjustment.

 

Annotations:

 

I. Explanatory Notes:

 

1. Total Profits: refer to the surplus of various revenue deducting various costs in the production process of enterprises, reflecting the total profit and loss in the report period.

 

2. Operating income: refers to the total amount of revenue of enterprises recognized by the principal business and other business operations.

 

3. Operating costs: refers to the total costs of enterprises incurred by the principal business and other business operations.

 

4. Total Assets: refers to the resources which are gotten from past transactions or events, owned or controlled by enterprises, and expected to bring economic benefits to the enterprises.

 

5. Total Liabilities: refers to the current obligation generated from past transactions or events, and expected an outflow of economic benefits from the enterprises.

 

6. Total Owners' Equity: refers to the residual interests after deducting liabilities, which belongs to the enterprise’s owners.

 

7. Accounts Receivable: refers to the amount that should be collected by an enterprise due to its business activities, such as selling goods and providing services, measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet date.

 

In the Notice on Revising and Printing the Format of Financial Statements of General Enterprises in 2019 (FA [2019] No. 6), the Ministry of Finance revised the format of financial statements of general enterprises. The items of "notes receivable and accounts receivable" are no longer listed in the balance sheet of enterprises, but "notes receivable" and "accounts receivable" are listed respectively. In order to be consistent with the financial statements of the enterprise, from 2020, the monthly "notes receivable and accounts receivable" data will be stopped and the "accounts receivable" data will be released instead. Relevant indicators shall be adjusted accordingly.

 

8. Finished Goods: refers to manufactured products which are ready for sale by the end of report period.

 

9. Profit Rate of Revenue from Principal Activities = total profits / revenue from principal activities × 100%, unit: %.

 

10. Costs for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = the costs of revenue from principal activities / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

11. Expenses for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = (selling expenses + administrative expenses + financial expenses) / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

12. Revenue from Activities Brought by per Hundred-yuan Assets = the revenue from activities / average assets / the cumulative number of months × 12 × 100, unit: yuan.

 

13. Revenue from Activities per Capita = revenue from activities / average number of employment / the cumulative number of months × 12, unit: 10 thousand yuan/ person.

 

14. Asset-Liability Ratio = total liabilities / total assets × 100%, unit: %.

 

15. Turnover Days of Finished Goods = 360 × average finished goods / revenue from activities × the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

16. Days Sales Outstanding (the number of days on average a company takes to collect its accounts receivable) = 360 ×average accounts receivable / revenue from activities ×the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

17. In the columns of increase rate year-on-year of the three tables above, the “note” refers to negative total profits in the same period last year, which means loss; the positive value refers to a year-on-year increase of profits; the negative value which is greater than or equal to -100% refers to a year-on-year decrease of profits; the value less than -100% indicates turning gain in the same period last year into loss in current period; and the value of 0 indicates that the profits remain at the same level year-on-year.

 

II. The growth rates of the total profits and revenue from activities of industrial enterprises above designated size are calculated on a comparable basis. There are incomparable factors between the data in the reporting period and the same indicator data published in the previous year, which cannot be directly compared to calculate the growth rate. The main reasons are: (1) According to the statistical system, the survey coverage of industrial enterprises above designated size is adjusted regularly every year. Each year, some companies will be included in the survey after having reached designated size, and some will exit the survey due to their smaller size, and there are also influence of new built and starting enterprises, bankruptcies, and companies that have been suspended or sold. (2) By strengthening the statistical law enforcement, the enterprises found in the statistical law enforcement inspection that do not meet the industrial statistics requirements above designated size have been cleared, and relevant bases have been revised in accordance with regulations. (3) Strengthen data quality management and eliminate the cross-regional and cross-industry repeated calculation.

 

III. Statistical Coverage

 

Industrial enterprises above the designated size, which refer to industrial enterprises with revenue from principal activities over 20 million yuan.

 

IV. Data Collection

 

The Financial Report of Enterprises above the Designated Size conducts complete survey by month (the data on January are not required to report).

 

V. Industrial Classification Standard

 

The Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities (GB/T4754-2017) was implemented, please refer to http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz.

 

Annex
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