Investment in Fixed Assets from January to December 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2021-01-19 10:00




From January to December 2020, China's fixed asset investment (excluding rural households) was 51,890.7 billion yuan, an increase of 2.9 percent over the previous year, and the growth rate was 0.3 percentage point higher than that from January to November. Among them, private investment in fixed assets was 28,926.4 billion yuan, an increase of 1.0 percent, and the growth rate increased by 0.8 percentage point. In terms of the month-on-month rate, the investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) increased by 2.32 percent in December.

 

 

By industry, the investment in the primary industry was 1,330.2 billion yuan, an increase of 19.5 percent over the previous year, and the growth rate was 1.3 percentage points higher than that from January to November; the investment in the secondary industry was 14,915.4 billion yuan, an increase of 0.1 percent, which was a decrease of 0.7 percent from January to November; the investment in the tertiary industry was 35,645.1 billion yuan, an increase of 3.6 percent, and the growth rate was 0.1 percentage point higher.

 

In the secondary industry, industrial investment increased by 0.1 percent over the previous year, and which was a decrease of 0.8 percent from January to November. Among them, the investment in mining industry decreased by 14.1 percent, with a decrease rate of 4.9 percentage points higher; the investment in manufacturing industry decreased by 2.2 percent, with a decrease of 1.3 percentage points lower; the investment in power, heat, gas and water production and supply industry increased by 17.6 percent, with an increase of 0.1 percentage point.

 

In the tertiary industry, infrastructure investment (excluding electricity, heat, gas and water production and supply) increased by 0.9 percent over the previous year, and the growth rate was 0.1 percentage point lower than that from January to November. Among them, the investment in railway transportation industry decreased by 2.2 percent, which was an increase of 2.0 percent from January to November; the investment in road transportation industry increased by 1.8 percent, with a decrease of 0.4 percentage point; the investment in water conservancy management industry increased by 4.5 percent, with an increase of 1.4 percentage points; the investment in public facilities management industry decreased by 1.4 percent, with a decrease of 0.4 percentage point narrower.

 

In terms of regions, investment in the eastern region increased by 3.8 percent over the previous year, 0.3 percentage point higher than that from January to November; investment in the central region increased by 0.7 percent, which was a decrease of 0.7 percent from January to November; investment in the western region and the northeast region increased by 4.4 and 4.3 percent respectively, both with the growth rate of 0.2 percentage point higher.

 

According to the types of registration, the investment of domestic enterprises increased by 2.8 percent over the previous year, 0.5 percentage point higher than that from January to November; the investment of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan enterprises increased by 4.2 percent, 0.3 percentage point lower; the investment of foreign enterprises increased by 10.6 percent, 0.6 percentage point lower.

 

Investment in Fixed Assets from January to December 2020

 

 

Indicators

Jan-Dec

 

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

   

 

Investment in Fixed Assets (Exclude Rural Households) (100 million yuan)

2.9

 

 Of which: State-owned and State Holding

5.3

 

Of which: Private Investment

1.0

 

Grouped by Constitution

 

 

Construction and Installation

3.9

 

Purchase of Equipment and Instruments

-7.1

 

Other Expenses

6.7

 

Grouped by Types of Industry

 

 

 Primary Industry

19.5

 

 Secondary Industry

0.1

 

 Tertiary Industry

3.6

 

Grouped by Industrial Sectors

 

 

 Agriculture, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery

19.1

 

 Mining

-14.1

 

 Manufacturing

-2.2

 

Of which: Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

-0.4

 

Manufacture of Foods

-1.8

 

Manufacture of Textile

-6.9

 

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material and Chemical Products

-1.2

 

Manufacture of Medicines

28.4

 

       Smelting and Pressing of Non-Ferrous Metal

-0.4

 

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

-8.2

 

       Manufacture of General Purpose Machinery

-6.6

 

       Manufacture of Special Purpose Machinery

-2.3

 

       Manufacture of Automobile

-12.4

 

       Manufacture of Railways, Shipbuilding, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipment

2.5

 

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery & Equipment

-7.6

 

Manufacture of Telecommunications Equipment, Computers and Other Electronic Equipment

12.5

 

 Production and Supply of Electricity ,Gas and Water

17.6

 

 Transport, Storage and Post

1.4

 

  Of which: Railway Transportation

-2.2

 

Road Transportation

1.8

 

 Management of Water Conservancy, Environment and Public Facilities

0.2

 

  Of which: Management on Water Resource

4.5

 

Management on Public Facilities

-1.4

 

 Education

12.3

 

 Health, Social Works

26.8

 

 Culture, Sports and Entertainment

1.0

 

Grouped by Registration Type

 

 

 Domestic Funded

2.8

 

 Funds from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

4.2

 

 Foreign Investment

10.6

 

   

 

Note: The growth rate in this table are all nominal growth rate without deducting the price factor.

 

     

Annotations:

 

1. Explanatory Notes on Indicators

 

Investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households): refers to the total workload on construction and purchase for fixed assets during a certain period in the form of currency, as well as the concerning expenses.

 

Stat-holding Enterprises: including absolutely state-holding enterprises, relatively state-holding enterprises and consultatively state-holding enterprises. Absolutely state-holding enterprises refer to those enterprises that the proportion of state investment capital to the total actual capital (or capital stock) is larger than 50 percent.

 

Relatively state-holding enterprises refer to those enterprises that the proportion of state investment capital to the total actual capital (or capital stock) is less than 50 percent, but larger than any other single shareholders. Consultatively state-holding enterprises refer to those enterprises that the proportion of state investment capital to the total actual capital (or capital stock) is less than other shareholders, but owning the real control power regulated by agreement.

 

The enterprises which the proportion of investment capital of the two investors is 50 percent, and the shareholding control power is not clearly stated by either side, if one of them is state-owned, are all classified as the state-holding enterprises without exception.

 

The investment projects invested by the administrative and institutional units are all classified as state-holding.

 

Types of Registration: the types of registration on the enterprises are based on the Provisions for the Classification of Types of Enterprise Registration jointly issued by NBS and State Administration of Industry and Commerce. And that on the individual operation is based on Note on the Code & Classification of Types of Individual Operation Registration.

 

According to the provision of statistical reporting system, all grassroots units shall fill in registration types. The registration types shall be filled in by the enterprises or individual operation units engaged in investment in fixed assets. Those who have already registered in the industrial and commercial administrative units, shall fill in based on the registration types, if unregistered, shall be filled in based on the registration types of investors or that on the provisions of related papers.

 

Domestic enterprise includes state-owned enterprise, collective enterprise, joint enterprise, limited liability enterprise, share-holding enterprise, private enterprise and others.

 

Enterprises with funds from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan includes joint-venture and cooperation by Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan Sole Investment, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan Funded Share-holding Corporations Ltd., and other investment enterprises by Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.

 

Foreign investment enterprise includes joint-venture and cooperation enterprises, foreign funded enterprise, foreign funded share-holding corporations Ltd., and other foreign investment enterprises.

 

2. Statistical Coverage

 

Refers to construction projects on fixed assets and real estate involving a total planned investment of 5 million yuan and over.

 

3. Data Collection

 

The report of investment on fixed assets is collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

                                                

4. Classification on East, Central and West Region

 

Eastern region: including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong and Hainan. Central region: including Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei and Hunan. Western region: including Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang. Northeastern region:  including Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang.

 

5. Standard Industrial Classification

 

NBS performed the industrial classification for national economic activities (GB/T 4754-2017). 

 

6. Revision on Month-on-Month Data

 

According to the auto-revision function of the seasonal adjustment model, the month-on-month growth rate of investment on fixed assets from December 2019 has been revised as follows:

 

The Month-on-Month Growth Rate of Investment on Fixed Assets

(Excluding Rural Households)

 

Growth Rate (%)

   

2019- December

0.38

2020-January

-5.85

February

-23.12

March

4.93

April

4.83

May

4.20

June

4.09

July

3.71

August

3.25

September

3.07

October

2.84

November

2.67

December

2.32

   

 

7. Explanation of Year-on-Year Growth

 

According to the results of statistical law enforcement inspection and the fourth national economic census unit inventory, the fixed assets investment base in the previous year was revised, and the growth rate was calculated on comparable basis.

 

Annex
FAQs  |  About NBS  |  Contact Us  |  Copyright National Bureau of Statistics of China,2012