National Real Estate Development and Sales in the First Eleven Months of 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2020-12-16 10:00




1. The completion of real estate investment

 

From January to November, the national real estate development investment was 12,949.2 billion yuan, an increase of 6.8 percent year-on-year, 0.5 percentage point higher than that from January to October. Among them, the residential investment was 9,583.7 billion yuan, an increase of 7.4 percent and 0.4 percentage point higher.

 

 

From January to November, the investment in real estate development in the eastern region was 6,848.8 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 7.4 percent, an increase of 0.3 percentage point compared with the first ten month; the investment in the central region was 2,601.2 billion yuan, with an increase of 3.6 percent, and the growth rate was increased by 1.2 percentage points; the investment in the western region was 2,974.6 billion yuan, with an increase of 8.3 percent and unchanged growth rate; the investment in northeast China was 524.5 billion yuan, with an increase of 6.2 percent and a growth rate of 0.6 percentage point higher.

 

From January to November, the housing construction area of real estate development enterprises was 9,024.25 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 3.2 percent, 0.2 percentage point higher than that in the first ten month. Among them, the residential construction area was 6,379.03 million square meters, an increase of 4.0 percent. The newly started area of housing was 2,010.85 million square meters, down 2.0 percent and a decrease rate of 0.6 percentage point narrower. Among them, newly started residential areas was 1,473.44 million square meters, decreased by 2.7 percent. The completed area of housing was 591.73 million square meters, down 7.3 percent and a decline rage of 1.9 percentage points narrower. Among them, the completed residential area was 426.55 million square meters, a decrease of 5.8 percent.

 

From January to November, the land purchase area of real estate development enterprises was 205.91 million square meters, a year-on-year decrease of 5.2 percent, an increase of 1.9 percentage points compared with the first ten month. October; land transaction price was 1,389 billion yuan, an increase of 16.1 percent, and a growth rate of 1.3 percentage points higher.

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

From January to November, the sales area of commercial housing was 1,508.34 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 1.3 percent, 1.3 percentage points higher than that in the first ten month. Among them, the sales area of residential buildings increased by 1.9 percent, the sales area of office buildings decreased by 12.8 percent, and the sales area of commercial and business buildings decreased by 11.1 percent. The sales volume of commercial housing reached 14,896.9 billion yuan, an increase of 7.2 percent and a growth rate of 1.4 percentage points higher. Among them, the sales of residential buildings increased by 9.5 percent, the sales of office buildings decreased by 10.7 percent, and the sales of commercial buildings decreased by 13.7 percent.

 

 

From January to November, the sales area of commercial housing in eastern China was 614.68 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 5.3 percent, 1.3 percentage points higher than that from January to October; the sales volume was 8,256.8 billion yuan, an increase of 12.6 percent, and a growth rate of 1.5 percentage points higher. The sales area of commercial housing in central China was 410.21 million square meters, a decrease of 3.3 percent, and a decrease rate of 1.7 percentage points narrower; the sales volume of 2,989.8 billion yuan, a decrease of 1.4 percent and a decrease rate of 1.5 percentage points narrower. The sales area of commercial housing in the western region was 420.26 million square meters, an increase of 1.9 percent and a growth rate of 0.9 percentage point higher; the sales volume was 3,126.7 billion yuan, an increase of 4.4 percent and a growth rate of 0.8 percentage point higher. The sales area of commercial housing in northeast China was 63.19 million square meters, a decrease of 7.5 percent, and a decrease rate of 1.3 percentage points narrower; the sales volume of 523.6 billion yuan, a decrease of 3.2 percent and a decrease of 1.6 percentage points narrower.

                         

At the end of November, the area of commercial housing for sale was 492.87 million square meters, 2.04 million square meters less than that at the end of October. Among them, the area for sale of residential buildings decreased by 2.01 million square meters, that of office buildings decreased by 0.34 million square meters, and that of commercial and business buildings increased by 0.12 million square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

From January to November, the funds of real estate development enterprises reached 17,109.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.6 percent, 1.1 percentage points higher than that in the first ten month. Among them, domestic loans amounted to 2,425.6 billion yuan, an increase of 5.4 percent; utilized foreign capital reached 15.4 billion yuan, down 4.7 percent; self-raised funds reached 5,666.6 billion yuan, an increase of 7.9 percent; deposits and advances received amounted to 5,738.4 billion yuan, an increase of 5.3 percent; and personal mortgage loans reached 2,698.3 billion yuan, an increase of 10.6 percent.

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In November, the real estate development climate index (referred to as the "national housing climate index") was 100.55, 0.05 point higher than that in October.

 

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for January-November

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

     

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

129492

6.8

  Of which: Residential Buildings

95837

7.4

      Office Buildings

5788

4.2

      Buildings for Commercial Business

11886

-1.9

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

902425

3.2

  Of which: Residential Buildings

637903

4.0

      Office Buildings

36308

-1.3

      Buildings for Commercial Business

91406

-8.1

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

201085

-2.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

147344

-2.7

      Office Buildings

5842

-8.0

      Buildings for Commercial Business

16219

-5.3

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

59173

-7.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

42655

-5.8

      Office Buildings

1899

-19.4

      Buildings for Commercial Business

5774

-22.8

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

20591

-5.2

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

13890

16.1

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

150834

1.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

133307

1.9

      Office Buildings

2771

-12.8

      Buildings for Business Use

7730

-11.1

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

148969

7.2

  Of which: Residential Buildings

133247

9.5

      Office Buildings

4071

-10.7

      Buildings for Commercial Business

8257

-13.7

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

49287

0.1

  Of which: Residential Buildings

22067

-1.0

      Office Buildings

3762

1.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

12945

-1.9

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

171099

6.6

  Of which: Domestic Loans

24256

5.4

      Foreign Investment

154

-4.7

      Self-raising Funds

56666

7.9

      Deposits and Advance Payments

57384

5.3

      Personal Mortgage

26983

10.6

     

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-November

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

         

National Total

129492

95837

6.8

7.4

Eastern

68488

49448

7.4

7.5

Central

26012

20443

3.6

5.0

Western

29746

22004

8.3

9.9

Northeastern

5245

3943

6.2

5.9

         

                                                   

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-November

 

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(1000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

150834

1.3

148969

7.2

Eastern

61468

5.3

82568

12.6

Central

41021

-3.3

29898

-1.4

Western

42026

1.9

31267

4.4

Northeastern

6319

-7.5

5236

-3.2

         

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-story buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation cannot be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally hand over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

The national real estate climate index follows the theory of economic cycle fluctuation, based on the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, using time series, multivariate statistics, econometric analysis, taking real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selecting related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, excluding the impact of seasonal factors, including random factors, compiled by adopting the growth rate cycles method. The historical data will be revised monthly according to the newly added data. National real estate index selected year 2012 as the base year, and its growth rate was set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on eastern, central, western and northeastern regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.

 

Annex
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