The Business Income of Cultural and Related Industries Above Designated Size in the First Three Quarters of 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2020-11-02 09:30




According to the survey of 60,000 cultural and related industry enterprises above designated size in China, in the first three quarters of 2020, the above-mentioned enterprises realized an operating income of 6,611.9 billion yuan, which was 0.6 percent [1] lower than that of the same period of last year based on the comparable caliber (see note VI for details), and the decline rate was 5.6 percent lower than that of the first half of the year. The operating revenue of 16 industry sub categories with obvious cultural and new business characteristics [2] reached 2,122.9 billion yuan, an increase of 21.9 percent.

 

In terms of industry categories, among the nine industries of culture and related industries, the revenue of news and information services was 643.4 billion yuan, with a year-on-year growth of 17.0 percent; creative design service was 1,027.6 billion yuan, an increase of 9.0 percent; content creation production was 1,585.5 billion yuan, an increase of 4.1 percent; cultural consumption terminal production was 1,254.9 billion yuan, an increase of 0.8 percent; cultural investment and operation was 29.8 billion yuan, an increase of 0.2 percent. Although the remaining four industries were still in negative growth, the decline rate was significantly narrowed.

 

In terms of industry types, the operating income of cultural manufacturing industry was 2,556.6 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 3.8 percent, and the decline rate was 5.7 percentage points lower than that in the first half of the year; the cultural wholesale and retail industry was 1,012.2 billion yuan, with a decrease of 10.0 percent, and the decline rate was narrowed by 7.7 percentage points; the cultural service industry was 3,043 billion yuan, with an increase of 6.0 percent and a growth rate of 4.3 percentage points.

 

In terms of sectors, the operating revenue of cultural core areas [3] was 4,042.3 billion yuan, with a growth rate of 1.5 percent from a 4.0 percent decline in the first half of the year; cultural related fields reached 2,569.6 billion yuan in , a decrease of 3.8 percent and the decrease rate narrowed by 5.6 percentage points.

 

In terms of regions, the western region achieved 586.5 billion yuan of operating revenue, with a growth rate of 0.9 percent from a 2.4 percent decline in the first half of the year; the eastern, central and northeast regions reached 5,030.5, 938.5 and 56.4 billion yuan respectively, with a decrease of 0.4, 1.5 and 15.9 percent, and the decrease rate narrowed by 5.9, 5.2 and 3.9 percentage points.

 

Notes:

 

[1] It refers to nominal growth, without deducting the price factor.

[2] The 16 industries with obvious characteristics of the new format are: Radio and television integrated broadcast control, Internet search service, other Internet information services, digital publishing, other cultural and art industries, animation, game digital content services, Internet game services, multimedia, game animation and digital publishing software development, value-added telecommunication cultural services, other cultural digital content services, Internet advertising service, Internet culture and entertainment platform, copyright and culture software service, intelligent UAV manufacturing for entertainment, wearable intelligent cultural equipment manufacturing, and other intelligent cultural consumer equipment manufacturing.

[3] The core areas of culture include six industries: news and information services, content creation and production, creative design services, cultural communication channels, cultural investment and operation, cultural entertainment and leisure services, and cultural related fields include three industries: cultural auxiliary production and intermediary services, cultural equipment production, and cultural consumption terminal production.

 

Business Income of Cultural and Related Industry Enterprises Above Designated Size in the First Three Quarters of 2020

 

 

Absolute Value

100 million yuan

Growth Rate

 Y/Y%

Proportion

%

Q1-Q3

Q1-Q2

 

 

 

 

 

Total

66119

-0.6

-6.2

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 By Industry Category

 

 

 

 

  News Information Service

6434

17.0

13.4

9.7

  Content Creation and Production

15855

4.1

-0.3

24.0

  Creative Design Services

10276

9.0

3.3

15.5

  Cultural Communication Channels

6878

-16.5

-24.4

10.4

  Cultural Investment and Operation

298

0.2

-1.9

0.5

  Cultural, Entertainment and Leisure Services

683

-39.9

-48.8

1.0

  Cultural Auxiliary Production and Intermediary Service

9171

-9.5

-13.3

13.9

  Cultural Equipment Production

3975

-3.4

-10.0

6.0

  Cultural Consumption Terminal Production

12549

0.8

-5.9

19.0

 

 

 

 

 

 By Industrial Type

 

 

 

 

  Cultural manufacturing

25566

-3.8

-9.5

38.7

  Cultural wholesale and retail

10122

-10.0

-17.7

15.3

  Cultural service industry

30430

6.0

1.7

46.0

 

 

 

 

 

 By Sub Sectors

 

 

 

 

  Core Areas of Culture

40423

1.5

-4.0

61.1

  Cultural Related Fields

25696

-3.8

-9.4

38.9

 

 

 

 

 

 By Region

 

 

 

 

  Eastern Region

50305

-0.4

-6.3

76.1

  Central Region

9385

-1.5

-6.7

14.2

  Western Region

5865

0.9

-2.4

8.9

  Northeast China

564

-15.9

-19.8

0.9

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

1. The growth rate in the table is the nominal without deducting the price factor.

2. Some of the data in the table are not equal to the sub total due to rounding-off.

 

Annotations:

 

I. Explanatory Notes

 

Culture and related industries refer to the collection of production activities that provide cultural products and cultural related products for the public.

 

According to the Classification of Culture and Related Industries (2018), culture and related industries include nine categories: news and information services, content creation and production, creative design services, cultural communication channels, cultural investment and operation, cultural entertainment and leisure services, cultural auxiliary production and intermediary services, cultural equipment production and cultural consumption terminal production.

 

Business income refers to the sum of "main business income" and "other business income".

 

II. Statistical Coverage

 

The statistical coverage of cultural and related industries above designated size is the industrial enterprises with annual main business income of 20 million yuan or above, the wholesale enterprises with annual main business income of 20 million yuan or above or the retail enterprises with main business income of 5 million yuan or above, and the service enterprises with the number of employees of 50 or above or the annual business income of 10 million yuan or above, of which, the annual business income of culture and entertainment service industry is 5 million or more.

 

III. Survey Method

 

Every quarter, the cultural and related industrial legal entities above designated size shall be identified and summarized according to the data obtained from the comprehensive survey of Industrial enterprises above designated size, wholesale and retail enterprises above designated size and service enterprises above designated size on the national statistical online direct reporting platform.

 

IV. Industry Classification Standard

 

Implement the classification of culture and related industries (2018), please refer to:

http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjgz/tzgb/201804/t20180423_1595390.html

 

V. Division on Eastern, Central, Western and Northeastern Regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang.

 

VI. There is a difference between the operating revenue of cultural and related industries enterprises above designated size in the first quarter of 2020 and the previously published data in the first quarter of 2019. The main reasons are: (1) the number of enterprises above designated size has changed. In the first quarter of 2020, some enterprises will be included in the investigation scope if they reach the above scale standard, some enterprises will withdraw from the investigation scope because of the smaller scale, and some factors such as newly built and put into operation enterprises, bankruptcy, changes in the cancelled (revoked) enterprises, and statistics and law enforcement to remove false enterprises, etc. will change the number of enterprises above the designated size. In the first quarter of 2020, the number of cultural and related industry survey enterprises above designated size nationwide was 59,000, an increase of 3,396 over the previous year. According to the comparable approach, the operating revenue of cultural and related industry enterprises above designated size in the first quarter of 2019 was 1,960.6 billion yuan. 2 We strengthened statistical law enforcement, cleaned up the enterprises that did not meet the requirements above the scale and the false data filled in during the inspection of statistical law enforcement, and revised the relevant base number according to the regulations.

Annex
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