Households' Income and Consumption Expenditure in the First Half year of 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2020-07-17 10:00




I. Households' Income

 

In the first half year, the per capita disposable income of residents nationwide was 15,666 yuan, a nominal increase of 2.4 percent over the same period of last year. After deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 1.3 percent. Among them, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 21,655 yuan, an increase of 1.5 percent (if there is no special explanation below, it is a year-on-year nominal growth rate), after deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 2.0 percent; the per capita disposable income of rural residents was 8,069 yuan, an increase of 3.7 percent, and the actual decrease was 1.0 percent after deducting the price factor.

 

In the first half year, the median per capita disposable income of residents nationwide was 13,347 yuan, an increase of 0.5 percent, and the median was 85.2 percent of the average. Among them, the median per capita disposable income of urban residents was 19,617 yuan, an increase of 0.4 percent, and the median was 90.6 percent of the average; the median per capita disposable income of rural residents was 6,682 yuan, an increase of 1.2 percent, and the median was 82.8 percent of the average.

 

 

According to the source of income, in the first half year, the per capita wage income of national residents was 9,010 yuan, an increase of 2.5 percent, accounting for 57.5 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net operating income was 2,341 yuan, down 5.1 percent, accounting for 14.9 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net property income was 1,376 yuan, an increase of 4.2 percent, accounting for 8.8 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net transfer income was 2,938 yuan, an increase of 8.2 percent, accounting for 18.8 percent of the disposable income.

 

II. Consumption Expenditure of Households

 

In the first half year, the per capita consumption expenditure of the whole country was 9,718 yuan, a nominal decrease of 5.9 percent over the same period of last year. After deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 9.3 percent. Among them, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 12,485 yuan, a decrease of 8.0 percent, after deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 11.2 percent; the per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents was 6,209 yuan, decreased by 1.6 percent, after deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 6.0 percent.

 

In the first half year, the per capita consumption expenditure on food, tobacco and alcohol was 3,097 yuan, an increase of 5.0 percent, accounting for 31.9 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; that on clothing was 611 yuan, down 16.4 percent, accounting for 6.3 percent; that on residential was 2,464 yuan, an increase of 3.1 percent, accounting for 25.4 percent; and that on daily necessities and services was 582 yuan, a decrease of 6. 4 percent, accounting for 6.0 percent; that on traffic and communication was 1,238 yuan, a decrease of 10.7 percent, accounting for 12.7 percent; that on education, culture and entertainment was 664 yuan, a decrease of 35.7 percent, accounting for 6.8 percent; that on health care was 848 yuan, a decrease of 9.9 percent, accounting for 8.7 percent; that on other goods and services was 215 yuan, down 22.6 percent, accounting for 2.2 percent..

 

 

Table 1 Income and Expenditure Nationwide in the First Half Year of 2020

 

 

Item

Absolute Value

( yuan)

Y/Y(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Per Capita Income Nationwide

15666

2.4-1.3

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

21655

1.5-2.0

Rural Households

8069

3.7-1.0

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

9010

2.5

Net Business Income

2341

-5.1

Net Income from Property

1376

4.2

Net Income from Transfer

2938

8.2

Total Per Capita Income Nationwide Median

13347

0.5

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

19617

0.4

Rural Households

6682

1.2

Total Per Capita Expenditure Nationwide

9718

-5.9-9.3

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

12485

-8.0-11.2

Rural Households

6209

-1.6-6.0

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

3097

5.0

Clothing

611

-16.4

Residence

2464

3.1

Household facilities, articles and services

582

-6.4

Transportation and telecommunication

1238

-10.7

Education, culture and recreation

664

-35.7

Health care and medical services

848

-9.9

Miscellaneous goods and services

215

-22.6

 

 

 

Notes:

1.      1. Per capita disposable income of households = per capita disposable income of urban households * proportion of urban population + per capita disposable income of rural households * proportion of rural population.

2.      Nominal growth rate of per capita disposable income of households = (per capita disposable income of households in the current year / per capita disposable income of households in the previous year - 1) * 100%; actual growth rate of per capita disposable income of households = (per capita disposable income of households in the current year / per capita disposable income of households in the previous year / per capita consumer price index of households in the same period - 1) * 100%.

3.      The per capita income and expenditure data of the whole country is based on the basic data of sampling survey of more than 100000 households, and weighted and summarized according to the number of households represented by each sample household. Influenced by urbanization, population migration and other factors, the composition of population in different periods has changed, which sometimes leads to the phenomenon that the growth rate of some income and Expenditure Projects of the whole country exceeds the growth range of corresponding income and Expenditure Projects of urban and rural households. It is mainly in the process of urbanization that some people with higher income in rural areas enter urban areas, but they belong to lower income groups in urban areas, and their migration has a pull down effect on part of the income and expenditure of urban and rural households; however, no matter in urban or rural areas, the growth effect will be reflected in the income and expenditure growth of all households.

4.      In the growth column compared with the previous year, the data in brackets is the actual growth rate, while others are the nominal growth rate.

5.      The average and median income are statistics reflecting the trend of households' income concentration. The average can not only directly reflect the overall situation, but also reflect the overall structure, which is convenient for the comparison of income levels of different groups, but also vulnerable to the influence of extreme data; the median reflects the situation of the object in the middle position, which is relatively stable and can avoid the influence of extreme data, but cannot reflect the structure.

 

 

Table 2: Income and Expenditure of Urban and Rural Households in the First Half Year of 2020


 

Item

Absolute Value

(yuan)

Nominal Increase

Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Per Capita Income of Urban Households

21655

1.5

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

13232

1.8

Net Business Income

2307

-10.1

Net Income from Property

2279

3.2

Net Income from Transfer

3836

7.6

Total Per Capita Expenditure of Urban Households

12485

-8.0

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

3903

1.3

Clothing

805

-19.5

Residence

3303

2.2

Household facilities, articles and services

755

-8.0

Transportation and telecommunication

1544

-13.0

Education, culture and recreation

869

-36.6

Health care and medical services

1012

-9.8

Miscellaneous goods and services

294

-25.3

Total Per Capita Income of Rural Households

8069

3.7

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

3654

2.6

Net Business Income

2384

1.8

Net Income from Property

231

6.8

Net Income from Transfer

1799

8.5

Total Per Capita Expenditure of Rural Households

6209

-1.6

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

2074

13.3

Clothing

366

-8.0

Residence

1401

4.3

Household facilities, articles and services

361

-3.2

Transportation and telecommunication

850

-5.9

Education, culture and recreation

404

-34.0

Health care and medical services

639

-10.8

Miscellaneous goods and services

115

-14.6

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1.     Explanatory Notes

 

Disposable income of Households refers to the sum of final consumption expenditure and savings that residents can use, that is, the income that residents can use for free disposal, including both cash income and physical income. According to the source of income, disposable income includes wage and salary income, net business income, net property income and net transfer income.

 

Consumer spending refers to all the expenditures that residents use to meet their daily needs, including both cash and physical consumption. Consumer spending includes eight categories: food, tobacco and alcohol, clothing, housing, daily necessities and services, transportation and communication, education, culture and recreation, medical care and other supplies and services.

 

The median of the nationwide per capita disposable income of households refers to the per capita disposable income of households which lies in the middle of all surveyed households ranked from low to high on the basis of per capita disposable income level.

 

The quarterly income and expenditure data do not include the income and consumption of the self-produced and self-used parts of households, and the annual income and expenditure data includes.

 

2.Survey Methods

 

The national and sub urban and rural households' income and expenditure data comes from the household income and expenditure and living conditions survey organized and implemented by the National Bureau of Statistics, which is released quarterly.

 

Using stratified, multi-stage, probability sampling method proportional to the size of population, the National Bureau of Statistics randomly selected 160000 households in 1800 counties (cities, districts) of 31 provinces (regions, cities) as survey households.

 

According to the unified system and method, the survey organizations directly under the National Bureau of statistics will organize the household to record and collect the data of households' income, expenditure, family operation, production and investment; meanwhile, according to the unified questionnaire, collect other surveys such as the employment of household members and labor force, the ownership of housing and durable consumer goods, and the enjoyment of households' basic social and public services. After the completion of data collection, the municipal and county survey organizations use unified methods and data processing procedures to code, review and input the original investigation data, and then directly transmit the basic household data to the National Bureau of Statistics for unified summary and calculation.

 

 

Annex
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