Industrial Profits decreased 19.3 percent in the First Five Months of 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2020-06-29 09:30




In the first five months of 2020, the profits made by industrial enterprises above the designated size achieved 1,843.49 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 19.3 percent (calculated on comparable basis, see Annotations II for details), and the pace of decline narrowed 8.1 percentage points over the first four months.

 

In the first five months, among the industrial enterprises above the designated size, the profits of state-holding industrial enterprises gained 440.42 billion yuan, a decrease of 39.3 percent year-on-year, that of joint-stock enterprises stood at 1,347.88 billion yuan, fell by 19.2 percentage points, that of foreign funded enterprises, and enterprises funded from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan achieved 465.92 billion yuan, decreased by 18.4 percent; and that of private enterprises gained 560.73 billion yuan, a decrease of 11.0 percent.

 

In the first five months, the profits of mining and quarrying reached 129.16 billion yuan, a decrease of 43.6 percent year-on-year, that of manufacturing was 1,546.19 billion yuan, a decrease of 16.6 percent, that of production and distribution of electricity, heat, gas and water reached 168.14 billion yuan, down by 16.7 percent.

 

In the first five months, within 41 branches of industrial divisions, the industrial profits of 10 industrial divisions increased year-on-year, and that of 1 unchanged and 30 decreased. In view of the profit growth of major industries, that of manufacture of computer, communication equipment and other electronic equipment, processing of food from agricultural products, and manufacture of special-purpose machinery, increased by 34.7, 19.0 and 16.6 percent; that of extraction of petroleum and natural gas, smelting and pressing of ferrous metals, smelting and pressing of non-ferrous metals, manufacture of chemical raw material and chemical products, manufacture of motor vehicles, mining and washing of coal, production and distribution of electricity and heat power, manufacture of non-metallic mineral products, manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment, manufacture of textile, manufacture of general-purpose machinery, respectively decreased by 75.8, 57.2, 43.7, 38.6, 33.5, 31.2, 19.5, 12.0, 11.6, 10.3 and 6.5 percent; while that of processing of petroleum, coal and other fuels changed from profit to loss in the same period.

 

In the first five months, the revenue from activities of industrial enterprises above the designated size reached 36.88 trillion yuan, decreased by 7.4 percent year-on-year. The costs of operating were 31.26 trillion yuan, down by 6.8 percent. The profit rate revenue from operating was 5.00 percent, a decrease of 0.74 percentage point year-on-year.

 

By the end of May, the total assets of industrial enterprises above the designated size was 118.94 trillion yuan, increased by 6.4 percent year-on-year; the total liabilities reached 67.72 trillion yuan, increased by 6.6 percent; the total owners' equity was 51.22 trillion yuan, increased by 6.2 percent. The asset-liability ratio was 56.9 percent, rose by 0.1 percentage point year-on-year.

 

By the end of May, the total volume of accounts receivable for industrial enterprises above designated hit 15.13 trillion yuan, went up by 13.0 percent year-on-year. The total inventory value of finished products for industrial enterprises accounted for 4.47 trillion yuan, increased by 9.0 percent.

 

In the first five months, the costs for per-hundred-yuan of business income above the designated size stood at 84.77 yuan, an increase of 0.58 yuan year-on-year, that of the expenses for per-hundred-yuan stood at 9.05 yuan, an increase of 0.26 yuan year-on-year.

 

By the end of May, the revenue activities brought by per-hundred-yuan assets above the designated size was 75.7 yuan, a decrease of 11.2 yuan year-on-year; the revenue from activities per capita was 1,244 thousand yuan, a decrease of 43 thousand yuan year-on-year; the turnover days of finished goods were 20.9 days, an increase of 3.0 days from that in the previous year; the days of accounts receivable hit an average of 58.8 days, an increase of 10.4 days year-on-year.

 

In May, industrial enterprises above the designated size posted a total profit of 582.34 billion yuan, rose by 6.0 percent year on year, and which was 4.3 percent of decline in April.

 

 

 

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in the First Five Months of 2020

 

Table I

Indicators

Operating Income

Operating Costs

Total Profits

Jan-May (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan-May (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan-May (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

368770.0

-7.4

312607.4

-6.8

18434.9

-19.3

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

14432.7

-11.3

10757.5

-5.5

1291.6

-43.6

Manufacturing

324407.3

-7.5

275408.8

-7.1

15461.9

-16.6

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

29930.1

-4.5

26441.1

-3.9

1681.4

-16.7

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

100937.6

-8.1

83450.4

-6.1

4404.2

-39.3

            Joint-Stock Enterprises

273998.5

-7.1

231816.1

-6.5

13478.8

-19.2

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

82418.4

-8.8

69818.6

-8.3

4659.2

-18.4

Of which: Private Enterprises

122914.1

-6.4

106702.3

-6.4

5607.3

-11.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : 1.Due to the overlap of economic type grouping, the total is not equal to the total of sub-items.

2.Due to the rounding-off reasons, the subentries may not add up to the aggregate totals, no adjustment.

 

Quality Performance Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in the First Five Months of 2020

 

 

Table II

Indicators

Profit Rate of Revenue

Costs for per-hundred-yuan

 

Expenses for per-hundred-yuan

Revenue from Brought by per Hundred yuan Assets

Per captal Income

Asset-Liability Ratio

Turnover Days of Finished Goods

Average Payback Period of Accounts Receivable

Jan-May (%)

Jan- May (yuan)

Jan- May (yuan)

By the end of May (yuan)

By the end of May (10 thousand yuan/ person)

By the end of May (%)

By the end of May (days)

By the end of May (days)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

5.00

84.77

9.05

75.7

124.4

56.9

20.9

58.8

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

8.95

74.54

12.72

35.7

79.6

59.6

14.9

47.4

Manufacturing

4.77

84.90

9.09

89.1

122.6

56.1

23.1

60.6

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

5.62

88.34

6.90

36.2

216.6

59.2

0.9

45.1

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

4.36

82.68

8.22

53.0

190.9

58.0

15.8

48.0

           Joint-Stock Enterprises

4.92

84.60

9.11

72.8

124.6

57.5

21.5

55.9

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

5.65

84.71

9.32

87.5

123.9

53.5

20.7

72.7

Of which: Private Enterprises

4.56

86.81

8.55

108.7

103.4

58.6

21.9

52.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                   

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises above the

Designated Size in the First Five Months of 2020 (Group by Industries)

 

Table III

Indicators

Operating Income

Operating Costs

Total Profits

Jan- May (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan- May (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan- May (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

368770.0

-7.4

312607.4

-6.8

18434.9

-19.3

Mining and Washing of Coal

7494.2

-11.6

5372.6

-8.3

782.8

-31.2

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

2709.8

-20.4

1976.8

-0.8

203.8

-75.8

Mining of Ferrous Metal Ores

1359.1

1.0

1091.9

1.4

101.8

20.9

Mining of Non-Ferrous Metal Ores

911.7

-8.8

669.3

-7.8

101.2

-15.3

Mining And Processing of Nonmetal Ores

1190.7

-5.4

905.5

-6.9

104.3

2.0

Mining Support Service Activities

763.3

-1.6

738.4

-1.0

-2.5

-156.8

Mining of Other Ores N.E.C

3.8

-56.3

2.9

-59.2

0.2

0.0

Processing of Food From Agricultural Products

17487.0

0.5

15861.4

0.1

650.1

19.0

Manufacture of Foods

7277.6

0.1

5596.9

-0.5

628.8

-2.5

Manufacture of Wines, Beverage and Refined Tea

5483.3

-9.3

3670.5

-9.3

823.8

-9.6

Manufacture of Cigarettes And Tobacco

5572.5

6.6

1671.9

-4.2

773.9

28.1

Manufacture of Textile

7757.4

-17.0

6870.1

-17.9

309.6

-10.3

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel And Ornament

4647.0

-16.9

3983.9

-16.5

180.5

-29.2

Manufacture of  Leather, Fur, Feather Aad Its Products

3628.5

-18.1

3153.9

-17.8

167.4

-30.3

Processing of Timbers, Manufacture of  Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm, and Straw Products

2818.0

-10.7

2531.7

-10.2

109.6

-14.2

Manufacture of Furniture

2222.5

-16.6

1859.0

-16.5

95.9

-36.3

Manufacture of  Paper and Paper Products

4572.7

-11.5

3921.4

-13.0

221.3

5.6

Printing, Reproduction of Recording Media

2198.2

-10.8

1849.5

-10.7

118.8

-14.8

Manufacture of  Articles for Culture, Education, Artwork, Sport and Entertainment Activity

4059.4

-15.4

3523.6

-15.7

175.4

-22.5

Petroleum, coal and other Fuel Manufacturing

16293.9

-13.4

14320.9

-8.5

-348.5

-167.4

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material  and Chemical Products

22960.6

-11.7

19595.6

-10.4

1034.3

-38.6

Manufacture of Medicines

8868.7

-3.8

5149.4

-0.3

1227.5

-0.5

Manufacture of Chemical Fibres

2862.9

-18.0

2643.9

-17.8

41.0

-59.1

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

8758.1

-9.7

7411.3

-10.7

481.2

3.6

Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products

18527.1

-7.4

15370.0

-7.3

1416.9

-12.0

Manufacture and Processing of Ferrous Metals

25469.5

-6.0

23836.8

-4.0

493.3

-57.2

Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

20054.2

-2.9

19088.9

-2.1

228.7

-43.7

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

11716.9

-9.7

10308.7

-9.6

439.4

-15.9

Manufacture of General-Purpose Machinery

13473.0

-8.2

11122.2

-8.2

844.3

-6.5

Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

10832.2

-2.3

8547.7

-3.3

892.2

16.6

Manufacture of Motor Vehicles

26614.1

-13.6

22767.5

-12.8

1193.5

-33.5

Manufacture of Railway Locomotives, Building of Ships and Boats, Manufacture of Air and Spacecrafts and Other Transportation Equipments

3618.1

-7.2

3085.1

-7.2

172.4

-6.5

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

21299.0

-9.6

18078.0

-9.5

1056.9

-11.6

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

40238.5

1.3

35328.8

0.9

1709.4

34.7

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Meter

2372.0

-6.4

1808.2

-6.4

209.8

8.9

Other Manufacturing

582.4

-9.0

491.1

-9.1

30.7

-14.5

Waste Recycling and Recovery

1673.0

-3.2

1557.9

-2.5

62.9

-17.6

Repair of  Fabricated Metal Products, Machinery and Equipment

469.1

-1.7

402.8

1.5

21.3

-26.6

Production and Supply of Electric Power and Heat Power

25293.6

-3.3

22541.3

-2.6

1351.9

-19.5

Production and Distribution of Gas

3513.3

-13.0

3062.6

-14.1

244.7

3.7

Production and Distribution of Water

1123.1

-0.2

837.2

2.4

84.8

-16.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : 1. Due to the rounding-off reasons, the subentries may not add up to the aggregate totals, no adjustment.

 

Annotations:

 

I. Explanatory Notes:

 

1. Total Profits: refer to the surplus of various revenue deducting various costs in the production process of enterprises, reflecting the total profit and loss in the report period.

 

2. Operating income: refers to the total amount of revenue of enterprises recognized by the principal business and other business operations.

 

3. Operating costs: refers to the total costs of enterprises incurred by the principal business and other business operations.

 

4. Total Assets: refers to the resources which are gotten from past transactions or events, owned or controlled by enterprises, and expected to bring economic benefits to the enterprises.

 

5. Total Liabilities: refers to the current obligation generated from past transactions or events, and expected an outflow of economic benefits from the enterprises.

 

6. Total Owners' Equity: refers to the residual interests after deducting liabilities, which belongs to the enterprise’s owners.

 

7. Accounts Receivable: refers to the amount that should be collected by an enterprise due to its business activities, such as selling goods and providing services, measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet date.

 

In the Notice on Revising and Printing the Format of Financial Statements of General Enterprises in 2019 (FA [2019] No. 6), the Ministry of Finance revised the format of financial statements of general enterprises. The items of "notes receivable and accounts receivable" are no longer listed in the balance sheet of enterprises, but "notes receivable" and "accounts receivable" are listed respectively. In order to be consistent with the financial statements of the enterprise, from 2020, the monthly "notes receivable and accounts receivable" data will be stopped and the "accounts receivable" data will be released instead. Relevant indicators shall be adjusted accordingly.

 

8. Finished Goods: refers to manufactured products which are ready for sale by the end of report period.

 

9. Profit Rate of Revenue from Principal Activities = total profits / revenue from principal activities × 100%, unit: %.

 

10. Costs for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = the costs of revenue from principal activities / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

11. Expenses for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = (selling expenses + administrative expenses + financial expenses) / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

12. Revenue from Activities Brought by per Hundred-yuan Assets = the revenue from activities / average assets / the cumulative number of months × 12 × 100, unit: yuan.

 

13. Revenue from Activities per Capita = revenue from activities / average number of employment / the cumulative number of months × 12, unit: 10 thousand yuan/ person.

 

14. Asset-Liability Ratio = total liabilities / total assets × 100%, unit: %.

 

15. Turnover Days of Finished Goods = 360 × average finished goods / revenue from activities × the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

16. Days Sales Outstanding (the number of days on average a company takes to collect its accounts receivable) = 360 ×average accounts receivable / revenue from activities ×the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

17. In the columns of increase rate year-on-year of the three tables above, the “note” refers to negative total profits in the same period last year, which means loss; the positive value refers to a year-on-year increase of profits; the negative value which is greater than or equal to -100% refers to a year-on-year decrease of profits; the value less than -100% indicates turning gain in the same period last year into loss in current period; and the value of 0 indicates that the profits remain at the same level year-on-year.

 

II. The growth rates of the total profits and revenue from activities of industrial enterprises above designated size are calculated on a comparable basis. There are incomparable factors between the data in the reporting period and the same indicator data published in the previous year, which cannot be directly compared to calculate the growth rate. The main reasons are: (1) According to the statistical system, the survey coverage of industrial enterprises above designated size is adjusted regularly every year. Each year, some companies will be included in the survey after having reached designated size, and some will exit the survey due to their smaller size, and there are also influence of new built and starting enterprises, bankruptcies, and companies that have been suspended or sold. (2) By strengthening the statistical law enforcement, the enterprises found in the statistical law enforcement inspection that do not meet the industrial statistics requirements above designated size have been cleared, and relevant bases have been revised in accordance with regulations. (3) Strengthen data quality management and eliminate the cross-regional and cross-industry repeated calculation.

 

III. Statistical Coverage

 

Industrial enterprises above the designated size, which refer to industrial enterprises with revenue from principal activities over 20 million yuan.

 

IV. Data Collection

 

The Financial Report of Enterprises above the Designated Size conducts complete survey by month (the data on January are not required to report).

 

V. Industrial Classification Standard

 

The Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities (GB/T4754-2017) was implemented, please refer to http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz.

 

Annex
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