Industrial Production Operation in March 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2020-04-20 10:00




In March, the value added of industries above designated size decreased by 1.1 percent year-on-year (the growth rate of the value added below is the real growth rate after deducting the price factor), which was 12.4 percentage points lower than that from January to February. On a month on month basis, in March, the value added of industries above designated size increased by 32.13 percent over the previous month. In the first quarter, the value added of industries above designated size decreased by 8.4 percent year on year.

 

 

In terms of three categories, in March, the  value added of the mining industry increased by 4.2 percent year-on-year, down 6.5 percent from January to February; that of the manufacturing industry decreased by 1.8 percent, with the decrease rate 13.9 percentage points; that of the production and distribution of electricity, heating, gas and water decreased by 1.6 percent, with the decrease rate 5.5 percentage points.

            

In terms of economic types, in March, the  value added of state-owned holding enterprises decreased by 2.5 percent year-on-year; that of joint-stock enterprises decreased by 0.2 percent; that of foreign, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan invested enterprises decreased by 5.4 percent; and that of private enterprises decreased by 0.5 percent.

 

In terms of different industries, in March, the value added of 16 of the 41 major industries maintained a year-on-year growth. The value added of agricultural and sideline food processing industry decreased by 4.8 percent, that of textile industry fell 5.5 percent, that of chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry increased by 0.7 percent, that of non-metallic mineral products industry decreased by 4.5 percent, that of ferrous metal smelting and processing industry and non-ferrous metal smelting and processing industry rose by 4.1 and 2.8, that of general equipment manufacturing industry, special equipment manufacturing industry and automobile manufacturing industry dropped by 5.4, 2.2 and 22.4 percent, that of railways, shipbuilding, aerospace and other transportation equipment increased by 0.5 percent, that of electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing decreased by 0.4 percent, that of the manufacturing of computer, communication and other electronic equipment increased by 9.9 percent, and that of the production and distribution of electric power, heat and water decreased by 1.7 percent.

 

In terms of different regions, in March, the value added of the eastern region and central region decreased by 0.7 and 0.8 percent year on year, that of the western region increased by 4.3 percent, while that of the northeast region dropped by 7.1 percent.

 

In terms of different products, in March, 227 of 612 products increased year on year. Ten non-ferrous metals was 4.83 million tons, increased by 1.6 percent year on year; flat glass was 78.33 million weight boxes, increased by 0.5 percent; integrated circuit was 21.2 billion pieces, increased by 20.0 percent; steel was 98.88 million tons, decreased by 0.1 percent; cement was 147.85 million tons, decreased by 18.3 percent; ethylene was 1.73 million tons, decreased by 1.4 percent; automobile was 1.461 million sets, decreased by 43.0 percent, including 64 thousand new energy vehicles, decreased by 43.9 percent; power generation was 552.5 billion kilowatt hours, decreased by 4.6 percent, crude oil processing capacity was 50.04 million tons, down 6.6 percent.

 

In March, the product sales rate of industrial enterprises was 95.0 percent, down 4.1 percentage points from the same month of last year; the export delivery value of industrial enterprises was 1,030.7 billion yuan, up 3.1 percent on a year-on-year basis in nominal terms.

                          

Industrial Production Operation in March 2020

 

Indicators

March

Jan-Mar

Absolute Value

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Absolute Value

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

         

Value-added of Industry Above Designated Size

-1.1

-8.4

Grouped by Three Sectors

 

 

 

 

 Mining and Quarrying

4.2

-1.7

 Manufacturing

-1.8

-10.2

    Manufacture of  high-tech industry

8.9

-3.8

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heating Power, Gas and Water

-1.6

-5.2

Grouped by Status of Registration

 

 

 

 

State-holding Enterprises

-2.5

-6.0

 Joint-Stock Enterprises

-0.2

-8.4

 Enterprises with Funds from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

-5.4

-14.5

 Private Enterprises

-0.5

-11.3

The Value-Added of the Main Industrial Sectors

 

 

 

 

 Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

-4.8

-11.1

 Manufacture of Foods

5.7

-7.9

 Manufacture of Textile

-5.5

-16.8

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material and Chemical Products

0.7

-6.8

Manufacture of Medicines

10.4

-2.3

 Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

-5.5

-16.2

 Manufacture of Nonmetal Mineral Products

-4.5

-13.7

Manufacture of Ferrous Metal Smelting and Pressing

4.1

0.5

 Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

2.8

-3.8

 Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

-1.6

-15.0

 Manufacture of General Machinery

-5.4

-17.2

 Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

-2.2

-13.5

 Manufacture of Motor Vehicles

-22.4

-26.0

Manufacture of Railways, Shipbuilding, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipment

0.5

-13.7

 Manufacture of Electric Machinery and Equipment

-0.4

-12.9

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

9.9

-2.8

 Production and Supply of Electric Power and Heat Power

-1.7

-5.4

Output of Major Products

 

 

 

 

 Cloth (100 million meters)

33

-24.9

74

-31.1

 Sulfuric Acid(100%) (10,000 tons)

657

-8.7

1867

-10.1

 Caustic Soda(100%) (10,000 tons)

300

1.5

823

-9.0

 Ethylene (10,000 tons)

173

-1.4

515

1.3

 Chemical Fiber (10,000 tons)

490

-4.5

1216

-10.0

Cement (10,000 tons)

14785

-18.3

29907

-23.9

Plate Glass (10 000 weight boxes)

7833

0.5

22981

1.9

 Pig Iron (10,000 tons)

6697

1.1

19974

2.4

 Crude Steel (10,000 tons)

7898

-1.7

23445

1.2

 Steel Products (10,000 tons)

9888

-0.1

26742

-1.6

10 Kinds Of Nonferrous Metals (10,000 tons)

483

1.6

1417

2.1

 Of which: Primary Aluminium (Electrolytic Aluminium) (10,000 tons)

297

2.3

884

2.7

Metal-Cutting Machine Tool (10,000 sets)

4

-21.7

7

-29.4

Industrial Robot (unit/set)

17241

12.9

34645

-8.2

Automobile (10,000 sets)

146.1

-43.0

347.1

-44.6

 Of which: Saloon cars (10,000 sets)

54.6

-44.8

130.2

-47.6

         SUV(10,000 sets)

47.9

-44.0

121.1

-41.8

 Of which: New Energy Automobile (10,000 sets)

6.4

-43.9

12.3

-53.4

Generator Set (Power Generating Equipment) (10,000 kWh)

1044

20.0

1871

-6.9

Micro Computer Equipment (10,000 sets)

2895

0.0

5624

-17.7

 Mobile Phone (10,000 sets)

11804

-9.0

25528

-19.8

 Of which: Smartphone (10,000 sets)

8855

-0.7

18839

-15.0

Integrated Circuit (100 ,000,000 pcs)

212

20.0

508

16.0

Raw Coal (10,000 tons)

33726

9.6

82991

-0.5

Coke (10,000 tons)

3803

-2.4

10950

-4.1

Crude Oil (10,000 tons)

1656

-0.1

4857

2.4

 Crude Processing Volume (10,000 tons)

5004

-6.6

14928

-4.6

  Natural Gas (100 million Cubic Meters)

169

11.2

483

9.1

  Electricity (100 million kWh)

5525

-4.6

15822

-6.8

 Thermal Power

3894

-7.5

11746

-8.2

 Hydro-electric Power

763

-5.9

1963

-9.5

 Nuclear Power

306

6.9

779

1.2

 Wind Power

432

18.1

1022

5.7

 Solar Power

129

8.6

310

10.9

Sales Ratio (%)

95.0

-4.1(percentage points)

96.2

-2.2(percentage points)

Export Delivery Value (100 million yuan)

10307

3.1

24082

-10.3

         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator.

 

Growth rate of value added of the industrial enterprises: also known as industrial growth rate, which is used to reflect a certain period of increase or decrease in volume of industrial production indicators of the degree of change. The indicator can be used to estimate the short-term trend of the industrial economy, to judge the extent of the economic boom, and also to be an important reference and basis for the formulation and adjustment of economic policies, and for the implementation of macroeconomic adjustment and control.

 

Sales ratio: refers to sale value and industrial output value, which reflecting the situation between production and sales of industrial products.

 

Export delivery value: refers to the foreign trade department of industrial enterprises or self-run (commission) exports (including sold in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan), with the price of foreign exchange settlement of product value, and foreign samples, materials processing, component assembly and compensation trade product value.

 

Daily product output: the total production of the total value added of the industrial enterprises above designated size in the current month divided by number of days in the month.

 

2. Statistical Coverage.

 

The standard starting point of industrial enterprises above designated size was 20 million yuan of annual revenue from primary business.

 

Due to the annual changes of the coverage of industrial enterprises above designated size, and in order to ensure that the data for this year is comparable with that of the previous year, the data of the corresponding period used for calculating the year-on-year growth rates of various indicators such as product output is as consistent with the enterprise statistical coverage of the current period as possible, and there is a difference in caliber from the data published last year. The main reasons are: (1) Coverage changes of statistical units. Each year, some companies will be included in the survey after having reached requisite size, and some will exit the survey due to their smaller size, and there are also influence of new built and starting enterprises, bankruptcies, and companies that have been suspended or sold. (2) There is cross-regional repeated calculation in the output data of some enterprise group (company) products, which has been eliminated according to specific surveys.

 

3. Survey Methods.

 

The reports of industrial enterprises above designated size are conducted with complete survey on a monthly basis (Not report for January).

 

4. Division on Eastern, Central and Western Regions.

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang.

 

5. Standard on industrial classification

 

NBS enforces New Standard on Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities" (GB/T 4754-2017). For details, please refer the following link: http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz.

 

6. Revision on month-on-month data

 

The month-on-month growth rate of the total value added of the industrial enterprises above designated size from March to December 2019 was revised according to the results of automatic revision of seasonal adjustment model. The results and data of January to March 2020 are as follows:

 

The Month-on-Month Growth Rate of Industrial Production Operation

 

Months

Growth Rate (%)

 

 

     2019-March

0.83

     April

0.24

     May

0.48

     June

0.59

     July

0.26

     August

0.37

     September

0.67

     October

0.39

     November

0.72

     December

0.60

     2020-January

-2.77

     February

-24.91

     March

32.13

 

 

 

Annex
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