Income of Rural Residents in Poor Areas in 2019
National Bureau of Statistics of China2020-02-03 09:00




In 2019, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas was 11,567 yuan, a nominal increase of 11.5 percent over the previous year. After deducting the influence of price factors, the actual growth rate was 8.0 percent, and the actual growth rate was 1.8 percentage points faster than the national rural areas.

 

From the perspective of income sources, the per capita income of wages and salaries of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas was 4,082 yuan, an increase of 12.5 percent over the previous year (it is a nominal increase over the previous year unless specified below); per capita net business income was 4,163 yuan, an increase of 7.1 percent; per capita net property income was 159 yuan, an increase of 16.5 percent; per capita net transfer income was 3,163 yuan, an increase of 16.3 percent.

 

From the perspective of income increase contribution, the contribution rate of wages and salaries income to income increase of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas was 38.0 percent, the contribution rate of net business income was 23.0 percent, the contribution rate of net property income was 1.9 percent, and the contribution rate of net transfer income was 37.1 percent.

 

According to different groups, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in the poverty-stricken areas was 11,443 yuan, an increase of 11.5 percent; that of rural residents in the key counties of the national poverty alleviation and development work was 11,524 yuan, an increase of 12.1 percent.

 

Income of Rural Residents in Poor Areas in 2019

 

Indicator

Income Level

Yuan

Nominal Growth Rate%

Per Capita Disposable Income

11567

11.5

Income of Wages and Salaries

4082

12.5

Net Business Income

4163

7.1

Net Income from Property

159

16.5

Net Income from Transfer

3163

16.3

 

Annotations:

 

I. Explanatory Notes

 

Disposable income of residents refers to the sum of final consumption expenditure and savings that residents can use, that is, the income that residents can use for free disposal, including both cash income and physical income. According to the source of income, disposable income includes wage income, net business income, net property income and net transfer income.

 

The quarterly data of residents' disposable income does not include the income of their own production and use, while the annual data includes.

 

Poverty Stricken Areas: including concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas and key counties of national poverty alleviation and development work outside the area.

 

Concentrated Poverty-stricken Areas: in 2011, according to the principle of geographical connectivity, causes of poverty and similarity of resource conditions, 11 contiguous areas with special difficulties were designated in the country, plus Tibet, four provinces in Tibet and three prefectures in southern Xinjiang, a total of 14 areas and 680 counties. Since 2016, Aksu region in Xinjiang has enjoyed the regional policy.

 

Key Counties of National Poverty Alleviation and Development Work: according to the Outline of China's Rural Poverty Alleviation and Development (2011-2020), 592 counties (banners, autonomous counties and municipal districts) with heavy poverty alleviation and development tasks and relatively concentrated poverty-stricken population in the central and western regions are identified as key counties of national poverty alleviation and development work.

 

II. Survey Methods

 

The income data of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas comes from the national rural poverty monitoring survey organized and implemented by the National Bureau of Statistics, which is collected quarterly.

 

Using stratified, multi-stage, and probability sampling method proportional to the size of population, the National Bureau of Statistics selected 62,000 rural households as survey households in 14 contiguous poverty-stricken areas and rural areas of key poverty-stricken counties identified in the Outline of China's Rural Poverty Alleviation and Development (2011-2020) (22 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government are involved in the survey, respectively Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Hainan, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang). According to the unified system and method, the local statistical investigation institutions shall organize the investigation households to record and collect household income and other data. The municipal and county statistical investigation institutions shall use the unified method and data processing procedure to code, review and input the original investigation data, and then directly transmit the basic data of each household to the National Bureau of Statistics for unified summary and calculation.

 

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