Communiqué on the Fourth National Economic Census (No. 3)
National Bureau of Statistics of China2019-11-20 10:00




Communiqué on the Fourth National Economic Census (No. 3)

---- Basic Information of the Secondary Industry

 

National Bureau of Statistics of China

Office of the Leading Group of the State Council for the

Fourth National Economic Census

November 20, 2019

  

Based on the results of the Fourth National Economic Census, the major data of Industry and Construction are released as the following:

 

I. Industry

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 3.451 million industrial corporate enterprises nationwide, up by 43.2 percent compared with that at the end of 2013; 115.215 million persons employed, down by 17.9 percent compared with that at the end of 2013.

 

Among the industrial corporate enterprises, there were 3.364 million domestic funded enterprises, taking up 97.5 percent; 43 thousand enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, taking up 1.3 percent; and 44 thousand foreign funded enterprises, taking up 1.3 percent. Among domestic funded enterprises, the number of state-owned enterprises was 11 thousand, taking up 0.3 percent of all enterprises; collective-owned enterprises 26 thousand, taking up 0.7 percent; and private enterprises 2.912 million, taking up 84.4 percent.

 

Among the persons employed by industrial corporate enterprises, those of domestic funded enterprises took up 83.5 percent, enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 8.2 percent and foreign funded enterprises 8.4 percent. Among domestic funded enterprise, state-owned enterprises accounted for 1.6 percent, collective-owned enterprises 0.5 percent and private enterprises 51.9 percent. (Table 3-1)

 

Table 3-1 Number of Industrial Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

345.1

11521.5

Domestic Funded Enterprises

336.4

9615.4

    State-owned Enterprises

1.1

179.2

    Collective-owned Enterprises

2.6

53.9

    Shareholding Cooperative Enterprises

0.9

18.5

    Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.2

2.6

    Limited Liability Corporations

34.2

2627.1

    Shareholding Corporations Limited

3.9

738.4

    Private Enterprises

291.2

5979.4

    Other Enterprises

2.2

16.2

Enterprises Funded by Investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

4.3

940.8

Foreign Funded Enterprises

4.4

965.3

Among industrial corporate enterprises, there were 70 thousand mining enterprises, 3.270 million manufacturing enterprises and 110 thousand enterprises of electricity, heat power, gas and water production and supply, taking up 2.0 percent, 94.8 percent and 3.2 percent respectively. Within the entire industry, the top three divisions were the manufacture of general purpose machinery; the manufacture of metal products; and the manufacture of non-metallic mineral products, taking up 9.7 percent, 9.5 percent and 7.6 percent respectively.

 

In terms of persons employed by industrial corporate enterprises, mining industry took up 5.2 percent; manufacturing 90.8 percent; and production and supply of electricity, heat power, gas and water 4.0 percent. Within the entire industry, the top three divisions were the manufacture of computer, communication equipment and other electronic equipment; the manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment; and the manufacture of non-metallic mineral products, taking up 8.8 percent, 6.4 percent and 6.3 percent respectively. (Table 3-2)

 

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of industrial corporate enterprises reached 139.29230 trillion yuan, an increase of 32.4 percent compared with that at the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 78.33658 trillion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 118.52699 trillion yuan. (Table 3-3)

 

Table 3-2 Number of Industrial Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed by Division

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

345.1

11521.5

Mining and Washing of Coal

1.3

347.3

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

0.04

62.6

Mining and Processing of Ferrous Metal Ores

1.0

39.7

Mining and Processing of Non-ferrous Ores

0.7

40.9

Mining and Processing of Nonmetal Ores

3.4

64.8

Specialized and Supporting Mining Activities

0.4

38.9

Mining of Other Ores

0.2

1.8

Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

13.7

426.8

Manufacture of Foods

7.1

251.8

Manufacture of Alcohol, Beverage and Refined Tea

6.0

175.6

Manufacture of Tobacco

0.03

16.5

Manufacture of Textile

14.4

471.7

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel and Accessories

17.8

582.2

Manufacture of Leather, Fur, Feather and Related Products and Footwear

8.1

318.3

Processing of Timber, Manufacture of Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm and Straw Products

10.6

212.7

Manufacture of Furniture

8.4

198.4

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

7.4

171.7

Printing and Reproduction of Record Media

8.1

159.5

Manufacture of Articles for Culture, Education, Arts, Crafts, Sports and Entertainment

12.1

315.0

Processing of Petroleum, Coal and Other Fuels

1.2

93.4

Manufacture of Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products

11.4

473.0

Manufacture of Medicines

2.6

232.0

Manufacture of Chemical Fibers

0.7

49.3

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastic Products

19.4

471.8

Manufacture of Non-metallic Mineral Products

26.3

727.1

Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals

2.2

247.8

Smelting and Pressing of Non-ferrous Metals

2.8

202.0

Manufacture of Metal Products

32.9

650.3

Manufacture of General Purpose Machinery

33.4

710.7

Manufacture of Special Purpose Machinery

23.0

533.9

Manufacture of Automobile

8.2

555.8

Manufacture of Railway, Ships, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipment

3.2

189.5

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

19.2

734.4

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

13.4

1015.2

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Machinery

4.5

129.2

Other Manufacturing

3.8

68.9

Comprehensive Utilization of Waste

1.4

26.5

Repairing of Metallic Products, Machinery and Equipment

3.9

48.6

Production and Supply of Electricity and Heat Power

7.7

339.9

Production and Supply of Gas

0.8

41.1

Production and Supply of Water

2.5

84.8

 

Table 3-3 Main Economic Indicators of Industrial Corporate Enterprises by Division

 

 

Total Assets

100 million yuan

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

1392923.0

783365.8

1185269.9

Mining and Washing of Coal

64421.4

42808.5

26831.1

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

20129.2

8512.4

8894.6

Mining and Processing of Ferrous Metal Ores

11249.0

7017.9

3641.6

Mining and Processing of Non-ferrous Ores

7787.9

4547.5

4028.5

Mining and Processing of Nonmetal Ores

6220.7

2857.6

4720.1

Specialized and Supporting Mining Activities 

3804.7

2236.8

2523.5

Mining of Other Ores

253.4

109.6

74.4

Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

37498.4

19955.9

51359.3

Manufacture of Foods

19794.5

9231.0

20745.1

Manufacture of Alcohol, Beverage and Refined Tea

21084.6

8910.9

16464.7

Manufacture of Tobacco

10970.1

2682.8

10462.6

Manufacture of Textile

27143.0

15715.7

31506.5

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel and Accessories

18382.4

9239.8

23576.0

Manufacture of Leather, Fur, Feather and Related Products and Footwear

9227.7

4528.1

15293.6

Processing of Timber, Manufacture of Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm and Straw Products

8887.6

4208.6

12983.8

Manufacture of Furniture

8615.8

4310.7

9819.2

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

17592.7

10146.8

16593.5

Printing and Reproduction of Record Media

8672.2

4163.5

9168.2

Manufacture of Articles for Culture, Education, Arts, Crafts, Sports and Entertainment

12556.3

6525.0

16849.5

Processing of Petroleum, Coal and Other Fuels

35430.7

22936.5

48757.1

Manufacture of Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products

85949.9

47099.4

75063.1

Manufacture of Medicines

36581.2

15655.8

24811.1

Manufacture of Chemical Fibers

8632.6

5186.9

8978.3

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastic Products

30839.8

16079.7

32304.5

Manufacture of Non-metallic Mineral Products

68131.9

35565.6

61050.4

Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals

65374.5

40969.4

69245.7

Smelting and Pressing of Non-ferrous metals

46027.6

28870.0

56143.7

Manufacture of Metal Products

41517.7

22766.4

45540.8

Manufacture of General Purpose Machinery

58868.6

31286.2

50174.0

Manufacture of Special Purpose Machinery

52829.8

29258.2

38129.0

Manufacture of Automobile

87062.2

51501.2

87909.8

Manufacture of Railway, Ships, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipment

27810.2

17000.5

16387.1

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

80716.4

45875.0

72081.9

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

116519.2

66517.1

115028.6

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Machinery

11737.8

5501.4

9223.2

Other Manufacturing

3824.7

1952.5

3358.7

Comprehensive Utilization of Waste

3592.1

2041.2

4634.1

Repairing of Metallic Products, Machinery and Equipment

3282.4

1810.4

2129.0

Production and Supply of Electricity and Heat Power

175530.0

105801.7

66043.1

Production and Supply of Gas

13580.4

8155.2

8804.6

Production and Supply of Water

24791.3

13826.4

3935.9

3. Output of Major Products

 

Output of major industrial products. (Table 3-4)

 

Table 3-4 Output of Major Industrial Products

 

Product

Unit

Output

Yarn

10,000 tons

3078.9

Cloth

100 million meters

698.5

Chemical fiber

10,000 tons

5418.0

Refined sugar

10,000 tons

1198.8

Cigarette

100 million

23375.6

Color TV set

10,000

19695.0

    Of which: LCD TV set

10,000

18978.8

Home refrigerator

10,000

8108.8

Air conditioner

10,000

20955.7

Crude steel

10,000 tons

92903.8

Rolled steel

10,000 tons

113287.3

10 kinds of nonferrous metals

10,000 tons

5893.7

    Of which: Refined copper (Electrolytic copper)

10,000 tons

978.3

Primary aluminum (Electrolytic aluminum)

10,000 tons

3683.1

Cement

100 million tons

22.4

Sulfuric acid (100% equivalent)

10,000 tons

9209.3

Caustic soda (100% equivalent)

10,000 tons

3475.5

Ethylene

10,000 tons

1861.8

Chemical fertilizer (100% equivalent)

10,000 tons

5403.5

Power generation equipment

10,000 kilowatts

10903.1

Motor vehicle

10,000

2782.7

Large and medium tractor

10,000

26.2

Integrated circuit

100 million pieces

1852.6

Program-controlled switchboard

10,000 lines

1036.6

Mobile telephone

10,000

180050.6

Micro computer equipment

10,000

31580.2

Industrial robot

10,000 sets

18.3

 

II. Construction

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 1.218 million construction corporate enterprises with 58.089 million persons employed, up by 250.5 percent and 9.2 percent respectively than that at the end of 2013.

 

Among the construction corporate enterprises, 1.216 million were domestic funded enterprises, taking up 99.8 percent. Of the total, state-owned enterprises accounted for 0.3 percent of domestic funded enterprises, collective-owned enterprises 0.4 percent and private enterprises 83.6 percent.

 

In terms of persons employed by construction corporate enterprises, domestic funded enterprises accounted for 99.6 percent. In which, state-owned enterprises took up 1.7 percent, collective-owned enterprises 2.0 percent and private enterprises 55.8 percent. (Table 3-5)

 

Table 3-5 Number of Construction Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

121.8

5808.9

Domestic Funded Enterprises

121.6

5785.1

State-owned Enterprises

0.3

96.1

Collective-owned Enterprises

0.5

113.7

Shareholding Cooperative Enterprises

0.05

9.3

Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.01

1.3

Limited Liability Corporations

17.8

2059.0

Shareholding Corporations Limited

1.2

278.4

Private Enterprises

101.6

3226.6

Other Domestic Funded Enterprises

0.02

0.8

Enterprises Funded by Investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

0.2

16.2

Foreign Funded Enterprises

0.08

7.6

Among construction corporate enterprises, 21.4 percent were house building enterprises, 20.6 percent were civil engineering enterprises, 15.0 percent were installation enterprises and 43.0 percent were enterprises for decoration, renovation and others.

 

In terms of persons employed by construction corporate enterprises, house building enterprises took up 61.8 percent, civil engineering enterprises 18.9 percent, installation enterprises 6.6 percent, and enterprises for decoration, renovation and others 12.7 percent. (Table 3-6)

 

Table 3-6 Number of Construction Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed by Sector

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

121.8

5808.9

House Building

26.1

3591.2

Civil Engineering

25.1

1095.3

Installation

18.2

383.4

Decoration, Renovation and Others

52.4

739.0

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of construction corporate enterprises reached 34,235.56 billion yuan, an increase of 104.2 percent compared with that at the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 22,307.38 billion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 25,627.79 billion yuan. (Table 3-7)

 

Table 3-7 Main Economic Indicators of Construction Corporate Enterprises by Sector

 

 

Total Assets

100 million yuan

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

342355.6

223073.8

256277.9

House Building

144265.0

92030.9

137640.9

Civil Engineering

140336.8

93453.8

74793.7

Installation

21127.7

19410.2

18285.9

Decoration, Renovation and Others

36626.0

18179.0

25557.4

 

Notes:

 

[1] Corporate enterprises in the Communiqué include the legal entities registered as enterprises, as well as institutions, private non-enterprise legal entities and foundations that follow the Accounting System for Business Enterprises, specialized farmer cooperatives, rural collective economic organizations and legal entities that are categorized as other organizations excluding places for religious activities.

 

[2] No mechanical adjustment is made for the round-off errors in aggregate totals or part of the calculations in the tables.

 

(In case of any difference between English translation and the original Chinese text, the Chinese edition shall prevail.)

 

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