National Real Estate Development and Sales in the First Ten Months of 2016
National Bureau of Statistics of China2016-11-15 09:58




1. The completion of real estate investment

 

The total investment in real estate development in the first ten months of 2016 was 8,397.5 billion yuan, a nominal increase of 6.6 percent year-on-year, the growth rate went up by 0.8 percentage points over the first nine months. Of which, the investment in residential buildings was 5,629.4 billion yuan, up by5.9 percent, 0.8 percentage points higher, and accounted for 67.0 percent of real estate development investment.

 

 

 

In the first ten months, the real estate investment in eastern region stood at 4,641.6 billion yuan, up by 5.0 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate went up by 1.4 percentage points over the first nine months; the central region stood at 1,872.7 billion yuan, went up by 11.1percent, and the growth rate was up by 0.2 percentage point over the first nine months of 2016; western region stood at 1,883.2 billion yuan, up by 6.1 percent, up by 0,2 percentage points over the first nine months of 2016.

 

In the first ten months, the floor space under construction by the real estate development enterprises accounted for 7,309.81 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 3.3 percent, the growth rate was up by 0.1 percentage point over the first nine months of 2016. Of which, the floor space of residential building construction area was5,014.71 million square meters, up by 1.8percent. The floor space started this year was 1,373.75millions square meters, up by 8.1 percent, up by 1.3 percentage points over the first nine months of 2016.The floor space of residential buildings started in the year amounted to 949.96 million square meters, up by 8.3 percent. The floor space of buildings completed stood at 652.11million square meters, went up by 6.6 percent, went down by 5.5percentage points over the first nine months of 2016. Of which, the floor space completed of residential buildings stood at 478.28million square meters, went up by 5.7 percent.

 

In the first ten months, the land area purchased by the real estate development enterprises totaled 168.73million square meters, was down by 5.5percent year-on-year, and the pace of decrease narrowed by 0.6 percentage points over the first nine months. The total transaction of land reached 676.4 billion yuan, increased 16.7 percent, and the pace of increase went up 3.4 percentage points over the first nine months.

 

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

In the first ten months, the floor space of commercial buildings sold stood at 1,203.38million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 26.8 percent, and was down by 0.1 percentage points over the first nine months of 2016.Of the total, the floor space of residential buildings increased 27.0 percent, office building increased 36.1 percent, and buildings for business use increased 19.3 percent. The sales of commercial buildings amounted to 9,148.2 billion yuan, an increase of 41.2 percent, the rate of growth went up by0.1 percentage points. Specifically, the sales of residential buildings went up by 42.6percent, office buildings was up by 56.5 percent, buildings for commercial business increased 23.2 percent.

 

 

 

In the first ten months, the sale of floor space of commercial buildings in eastern region amounted to 576.11million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 28.8 percent, and was down by 0.5 percentage points over the first nine months of 2016. The amount of sales stood at 5,761.2 billion yuan, went up by 47.0 percent, the rate of growth narrowed0.7percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in central region amounted to 337.88 million square meters, increased 33.1percent, and the pace of increase went up by 0.4 percentage point. The amount of sales stood at 1,882.3 billion yuan, increased 45.4percent, and the pace of increase expanded by 0.8 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in western region amounted to 289.39 million square meters, an increase of 16.7 percent, the growth rate was up by 0.3percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 150.47 billion yuan, went up by 19.0percent, the growth rate went up by 1.1 percentage points.

 

At the end of October, the floor space of commercial housing for sale reached 695.22 million square meters, decreased 0.9million square meters compared with that at the end of September. Of which, the residential buildings for sale decreased 3.28million square meters, office buildings increased 0.43 million square meters, buildings for business use went up by 1.03 million square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

In the first ten months, the sources of funds for real estate development enterprises reached 11,726.1 billion yuan, up by 15.5percent year-on-year, remained the same level over the first nine months of 2016. Specifically, the domestic loans stood at 1,730.3billion yuan, increased 1.2 percent, foreign investment stood at 12.3billion yuan, a decrease of 49.0 percent, self-raising funds stood at 4,076.4billion yuan, up by 0.6 percent, and other sources stood at 5,907.1 billion yuan, up by 35.2 percent. Among the other sources of funds, deposits and advance payments totaled 3,365.5 billion yuan, increased 32.2 percent, personal mortgage loans totaled 1,978.3billion yuan, up by 51.5 percent.

 

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In October, the national real estate climate index was 94.10, increased 0.05 points month-on-month.

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for January-October

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

 

 

 

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

83975

6.6

  Of which: Residential Buildings

56294

5.9

      Office Buildings

5308

6.2

      Buildings for Commercial Business

12941

7.8

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

730981

3.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

501471

1.8

      Office Buildings

34030

7.4

      Buildings for Commercial Business

101281

5.2

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

137375

8.1

  Of which: Residential Buildings

94996

8.3

      Office Buildings

5438

2.7

      Buildings for Commercial Business

18662

-0.9

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

65211

6.6

  Of which: Residential Buildings

47828

5.7

      Office Buildings

1952

-4.4

      Buildings for Commercial Business

7842

4.6

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

16873

-5.5

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

6764

16.7

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

120338

26.8

  Of which: Residential Buildings

106313

27.0

      Office Buildings

2836

36.1

      Buildings for Business Use

7664

19.3

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

91482

41.2

  Of which: Residential Buildings

78023

42.6

      Office Buildings

4127

56.5

      Buildings for Commercial Business

7598

23.2

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

69522

1.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

41039

-6.0

      Office Buildings

3378

10.5

      Buildings for Commercial Business

15572

12.1

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

117261

15.5

  Of which: Domestic Loans

17303

1.2

      Foreign Investment

123

-49.0

      Self-raising Funds

40764

0.6

      Other Sources of Funds

59071

35.2

      Deposits and Advance Payments

33655

32.2

      Personal Mortgage

19783

51.5

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-October

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

83975

56294

6.6

5.9

Eastern

46416

31386

5.0

5.7

Central

18727

13045

11.1

10.7

Western

18832

11863

6.1

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-October

 

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(10,000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

120338

26.8

91482

41.2

Eastern

57611

28.8

57612

47.0

Central

33788

33.1

18823

45.4

Western

28939

16.7

15047

19.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-storey buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation cannot be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally handed over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc.. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

National real estate climate index fluctuations follow by the economic cycle theory, according to the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, based on the use of time series, multivariate statistical, econometric analysis, use the real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selected related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, conducted by the seasonal factors and random factors, adopting the growth rate cycle method. National real estate index selected year 2000 as the base year, its growth rate set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on Eastern, Central and Western Regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang.

 

6. Calculation on Growth Rate

 

The growth rate of real estate investment is nominal growth rate, due to the investment in fixed assets price index was calculated on quarterly, in addition to the January-October, January-October January-October, and January-December was calculated on computable real growth rate, the other months only calculated the nominal growth rate.

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