National Real Estate Development and Sales in the First Fourth Months of 2016
National Bureau of Statistics of China2016-05-20 09:26




1. The completion of real estate investment

 

The total investment in real estate development in the first four months of 2016 was 2,537.6 billion yuan, a nominal increase of 7.2 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate was 1.0 percentage point higher over the first three months. Of which, the investment in residential buildings was 1,688.7 billion yuan, up by 6.4 percent, 1.8 percentage points higher, and accounted for 66.5 percent of real estate development investment.

 

 

 

In the first four months, the real estate investment in eastern region stood at 1,492.7 billion yuan, up by 5.8 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate went up by 0.4 percentage points over the first three months; the central region stood at 507.1 billion yuan, went up by 12.3 percent, and up by 2.8 percentage points; western region stood at 537.8 billion yuan, up by 6.6 percent, and an increase of 1.1 percentage points.

 

In the first four months, the floor space under construction by the real estate development enterprises accounted for 6,342.61 million square meters, up by 5.8 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate kept at the same level over the first three months. Of which, the floor space of residential building construction area was 4,347.53 million square meters, up by 3.9 percent. The floor space started this year was 434.25 millions square meters, up by 21.4 percent, and the growth rate was up by 2.2 percentage points. Specifically, the floor space of residential buildings started in the year amounted to 296.06 million square meters, up by 18.0 percent. The floor space of buildings completed stood at 254.78 million square meters, went up by 20.1 percent, and an increase of 2.4 percentage points. Of which, the floor space completed of residential buildings stood at 186.22 million square meters, went up by 19.9 percent.

 

In the first four months, the land area purchased by the real estate development enterprises totaled 51.14 million square meters, a year-on-year decrease of 6.5 percent, and the pace of decrease narrowed by 5.2 percentage points over the first three months. The total transaction of land reached 156.8 billion yuan, decreased 0.2 percent, and that in the first three months was up by 3.7 percent.

 

 

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

In the first four months, the floor space of commercial buildings sold stood at 360.12 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 36.5 percent, and the growth rate went up by 3.4 percentage points over the first three months. Of the total, the floor space of residential buildings increased 38.8 percent, office building increased 33.9 percent, and buildings for business use increased 13.5 percent. The sales of commercial buildings amounted to 2,765.6 billion yuan, an increase of 55.9 percent, up by 1.8 percentage points. Specifically, the sales of residential buildings went up by 61.4 percent, office buildings up by 60.1 percent, buildings for commercial business up by 15.3 percent.

 

 

 

In the first four months, the sale of floor space of commercial buildings in eastern region amounted to 184.15 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 47.2 percent, and the growth rate went up by 3.0 percentage points over the first three months. The amount of sales stood at 1,835.9 billion yuan, went up by 72.3 percent, a decrease of 0.5 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in central region amounted to 91.12 million square meters, increased 33.4 percent, an increase of 6.7 percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 495.2 billion yuan, increased 42.7 percent, an increase of 8.4 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in western region amounted to 84.86 million square meters, went up by 20.5 percent, an increase of 0.3 percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 434.5 billion yuan, went up by 20.3 percent, and an increase of 0.3 percentage points.

 

At the end of April, the floor space of commercial housing for sale reached 726.90 million square meters, decreased 8.26 million square meters compared with that at the end of March. Of which, the residential buildings for sale decreased 8.94 million square meters, office buildings increased 0.40 million square meters, buildings for business use increased 0.38 million square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

In the first four months, the sources of funds for real estate development enterprises reached 4,237.1 billion yuan, up by 16.8 percent year-on-year, the growth rate went up by 2.1 percentage points over the first three months.. Specifically, the domestic loans stood at 750.1 billion yuan, increased 2.2 percent, foreign investment stood at 3.5 billion yuan, down by 68.1 percent, self-raising funds stood at 1,492.0 billion yuan, up by 3.7 percent, and other sources stood at 1,991.5 billion yuan, up by 37.9 percent. Among the other sources of funds, deposits and advance payments totaled 1,137.0 billion yuan, increased 34.4 percent, personal mortgage loans totaled 669.4 billion yuan, up by 54.7 percent.

 

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In April, the national real estate climate index was 94.41, increased 0.23 points over March.

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for January-April

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

 

 

 

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

25376

7.2

  Of which: Residential Buildings

16887

6.4

      Office Buildings

1717

15.4

      Buildings for Commercial Business

3915

7.6

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

634261

5.8

  Of which: Residential Buildings

434753

3.9

      Office Buildings

30199

13.3

      Buildings for Commercial Business

88141

9.8

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

43425

21.4

  Of which: Residential Buildings

29606

18.0

      Office Buildings

1863

35.3

      Buildings for Commercial Business

5882

14.3

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

25478

20.1

  Of which: Residential Buildings

18622

19.9

      Office Buildings

876

11.0

      Buildings for Commercial Business

3009

16.8

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

5114

-6.5

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

1568

-0.2

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

36012

36.5

  Of which: Residential Buildings

32315

38.8

      Office Buildings

755

33.9

      Buildings for Business Use

2023

13.5

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

27656

55.9

  Of which: Residential Buildings

24070

61.4

      Office Buildings

1099

60.1

      Buildings for Commercial Business

2038

15.3

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

72690

10.7

  Of which: Residential Buildings

45089

4.5

      Office Buildings

3435

17.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

15113

23.1

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

42371

16.8

  Of which: Domestic Loans

7501

2.2

      Foreign Investment

35

-68.1

      Self-raising Funds

14920

3.7

      Other Sources of Funds

19915

37.9

      Deposits and Advance Payments

11370

34.4

      Personal Mortgage

6694

54.7

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-April

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

25376

16887

7.2

6.4

Eastern

14927

9982

5.8

6.3

Central

5071

3540

12.3

12.3

Western

5378

3365

6.6

1.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-April

 

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(10,000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

36012

36.5

27656

55.9

Eastern

18415

47.2

18359

72.3

Central

9112

33.4

4952

42.7

Western

8486

20.5

4345

20.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

Floor space of commercial housing for sale: refers to the floor space of commercial housing having not been sold or rented, among the floor space of commercial housing for sale or for rent finished at the end of report period. The floor space of housing completed in previous years and in current period is included, while the floor space of housing not for sale or for rent, such as housing removal and compensation, unified construction and agent-construction, public buildings, housing for own use of real estate companies, relocation housing, is not included.

 

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-storey buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation can not be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally handed over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc.. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

National real estate climate index fluctuations follow by the economic cycle theory, according to the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, based on the use of time series, multivariate statistical, econometric analysis, use the real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selected related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, conducted by the seasonal factors and random factors, adopting the growth rate cycle method. National real estate index selected year 2000 as the base year, its growth rate set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on Eastern, Central and Western Regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang.

 

6. Calculation on Growth Rate

 

The growth rate of real estate investment is nominal growth rate, due to the investment in fixed assets price index was calculated on quarterly, in addition to the January-March, January-June January-September, and January-December was calculated on computable real growth rate, the other months only calculated the nominal growth rate.

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