Communiqué on Major Data of the Third National Economic Census (No. 2)
National Bureau of Statistics of China2014-12-16 10:00




Communiqué on Major Data of the

Third National Economic Census

(No. 2)

 

National Bureau of Statistics of China

Office of the Leading Group of the State Council for the

Third National Economic Census

December 16, 2014

 

Based on the results of the Third National Economic Census, the major data of the secondary industry are released as the following:

 

I. Industry

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2013, there were 2.41 million industrial corporate enterprises nationwide with 140.258 million persons employed, up by 26.6 percent and 19.5 percent respectively compared with that at the end of 2008.

 

Among the industrial corporate enterprises, there were 2.293 million domestic funded enterprises, taking up 95.1 percent; 57 thousand enterprises with funds from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, taking up 2.4 percent; and 59 thousand foreign funded enterprises, taking up 2.5 percent. Among domestic funded enterprises, the number of state owned enterprises was 20 thousand, taking up 0.8 percent of all enterprises; collectively owned enterprises 40 thousand , taking up 1.7 percent; private enterprises 1.76 million, taking up 73 percent.

 

Among the persons employed by industrial corporate enterprises, those of domestic funded enterprises took up 80.3 percent, enterprises with funds from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan 9.6 percent and foreign funded enterprises 10.1 percent. Among domestic funded enterprise, state owned enterprises accounted for 3.4 percent, collectively owned enterprises 1.2 percent and private enterprises 44.7 percent. (Table 2-1)

 

Table 2-1  Number of Industrial Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed, by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprise

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

 

 

 

Total

241.0

14025.8

Domestic Funded Enterprises

229.3

11259.2

    State Owned Enterprises

2.0

478.5

    Collectively Owned Enterprises

4.0

173.6

    Shareholding Enterprises

2.4

62.2

    Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.5

19.8

    Limited Liability Corporations

32.1

3194.8

    Share-holding Corporations Limited

3.0

847.6

    Private Enterprises

176.0

6272.2

    Others

9.3

210.4

Enterprises with Funds from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan

5.7

1343.1

Foreign Funded Enterprises

5.9

1423.6

 

 

 

 

Figure 2-1  Number of Industrial Corporate Enterprises by Status of Registration

 

 

 

Among industrial corporate enterprises, there were 89 thousand mining enterprises, 2.252 million manufacturing enterprises and 69 thousand enterprises of electricity, heat power, gas and water production and supply, taking up 3.7 percent, 93.4 percent and 2.9 percent respectively. 

 

In terms of persons employed by industrial cooperate enterprises, mining industry took up 7.4 percent; manufacturing 89.2 percent; and production and supply of electricity, heat power, gas and water 3.4 percent. Within the entire sector of industry, the top three divisions were the manufacture of computer, communication equipment and other electronic equipment; the manufacture of non-metallic ore products; and the manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment, taking up 7.3 percent, 7 percent and 6 percent respectively. (Table 2-2)

 

Table 2-2  Number of Industrial Cooperate Enterprises and Persons Employed, by Division

 

 

Cooperate

Enterprise

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

 

 

 

Total

241.0

14025.8

Mining and Washing of Coal

1.9

611.3

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

0.05

80.1

Mining and Processing of Ferrous Metal Ores

1.5

98.6

Mining and Processing of Non-ferrous Ores

1.0

76.2

Mining and Processing of Nonmetal Ores

4.1

124.9

Supporting Activities for Mining

0.3

39.7

Mining of Other Ores

0.2

4.2

Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

10.4

584.1

Manufacture of Foods

4.7

289.5

Manufacture of Alcohol, Beverage and Refined Tea

3.8

219.3

Manufacture of Tobacco

0.04

21.8

Manufacture of Textile

10.8

663.7

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel and Accessories

12.1

750.8

Manufacture of Leather, Fur, Feather and Related Products and Footwear

5.6

441.9

Processing of Timber, Manufacture of Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm and Straw Products

7.0

265.4

Manufacture of Furniture

4.6

199.1

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

5.4

219.8

Printing and Reproduction of Record Media

6.7

195.1

Manufacture of Articles for Culture, Education, Arts and Crafts

7.5

371.6

Processing of Petroleum, Coking and Processing of Nuclear Fuel

0.7

105.7

Manufacture of Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products

10.2

655.3

Manufacture of Medicines

1.9

242.7

Manufacture of Chemical Fibers

0.6

56.2

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastic Products

13.9

547.1

Manufacture of Non-metallic Mineral Products

21.3

987.8

Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals

3.7

471.8

Smelting and Pressing of Non-ferrous Metals

2.6

243.5

Manufacture of Metal Products

19.1

663.9

Manufacture of General Purpose Machinery

21.7

789.4

Manufacture of Special Purpose Machinery

14.3

580.2

Manufacture of Automobile

5.4

529.2

Manufacture of Railway, Ships, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipments

2.6

236.6

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

13.8

844.2

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

7.3

1028.3

Manufacture of Measuring Instruments and Machinery

3.0

157.7

Other Manufacturing

2.3

78.3

Comprehensive Utilization of Waste

0.9

29.9

Repairing of Metallic Products, Machinery and Equipment

1.3

40.0

Production and Supply of Electricity and Heat Power

4.5

370.1

Production and Supply of Gas

0.6

34.6

Production and Supply of Water

1.8

76.3

 

 

 

 

2. Total Assets

 

At the end of 2013, the total assets of industrial corporate enterprises reached 105.19934 trillion yuan, an increase of 122.4 percent compared with that at the end 2008. (Table 2-3)

 

Table 2-3  Total Assets of Industrial Corporate Enterprises by Division

 

 

Total Assets

(100 million yuan)

 

 

Total

1051993.4

Mining and Washing of Coal

56624.7

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

20702.2

Mining and Processing of Ferrous Metal Ores

12191.3

Mining and Processing of Non-ferrous Ores

6412.5

Mining and Processing of Nonmetal Ores

5536.1

Supporting Activities for Mining

3839.4

Mining of Other Ores

208.3

Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

34652.5

Manufacture of Foods

13949.1

Manufacture of Alcohol, Beverage and Refined Tea

15271.8

Manufacture of Tobacco

8039.8

Manufacture of Textile

27736.5

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel and Accessories

15604.4

Manufacture of Leather, Fur, Feather and Related Products and Footwear

8815.7

Processing of Timber, Manufacture of Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm and Straw Products

7652.5

Manufacture of Furniture

5996.6

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

15161.6

Printing and Reproduction of Record Media

7200.4

Manufacture of Articles for Culture, Education, Arts and Crafts

10239.8

Processing of Petroleum, Coking and Processing of Nuclear Fuel

25067.4

Manufacture of Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products

74972.5

Manufacture of Medicines

20507.2

Manufacture of Chemical Fibers

6770.1

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastic Products

24664.3

Manufacture of Non-metallic Mineral Products

54617.1

Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals

68623.2

Smelting and Pressing of Non-ferrous metals

34927.4

Manufacture of Metal Products

30818.9

Manufacture of General Purpose Machinery

47336.2

Manufacture of Special Purpose Machinery

43047.8

Manufacture of Automobile

51988.4

Manufacture of Railway, Ships, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipment

22307.0

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

57201.0

Manufacture of Computers, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

57324.0

Manufacture of Measuring Instruments and Machinery

8081.4

Other Manufacturing

3744.5

Comprehensive Utilization of Waste

2265.8

Repairing of Metallic Products, Machinery and Equipment

1771.8

Production and Supply of Electricity and Heat Power

119890.9

Production and Supply of Gas

7196.5

Production and Supply of Water

13034.9

 

 

 

3. Asset Contribution Rate

 

In 2013, the asset contribution rate of industrial corporate enterprises above designated size was 14.8 percent, 0.8 percentage point higher than that in 2008. The profit margin from the principal activities was 6.6 percent, or 0.5 percentage point higher than that in 2008.The asset contribution rate of mining industry was 12.7 percent, 11.1 percentage points lower than that in 2008; manufacturing, 6.1 percent, 1.1 percentage points higher; and production and supply of electricity, heat power, gas and water, 7.2 percent, 5.2 percentage points higher. (Table 2-4)

 

Table 2-4  Asset Contribution Rate of Industrial Corporate Enterprises above Designated Size by Division

 

 

Asset Contribution Rate (%)

 

 

Total

14.8

Mining and Washing of Coal

12.3

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

31.6

Mining and Processing of Ferrous Metal Ores

20.6

Mining and Processing of Non-ferrous Ores

21.0

Mining and Processing of Nonmetal Ores

24.1

Supporting Activities for Mining

5.0

Mining of Other Ores

18.5

Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

19.7

Manufacture of Foods

21.7

Manufacture of Alcohol, Beverage and Refined Tea

22.8

Manufacture of Tobacco

83.7

Manufacture of Textile

16.6

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel and Accessories

18.7

Manufacture of Leather, Fur, Feather and Related Products and Footwear

20.6

Processing of Timber, Manufacture of Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm and Straw Products

26.5

Manufacture of Furniture

17.3

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

11.0

Printing and Reproduction of Record Media

16.7

Manufacture of Articles for Culture, Education, Arts and Crafts

18.9

Processing of Petroleum, Coking and Processing of Nuclear Fuel

24.4

Manufacture of Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products

13.3

Manufacture of Medicines

18.6

Manufacture of Chemical Fibers

8.9

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastic Products

16.2

Manufacture of Non-metallic Mineral Products

16.7

Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals

7.6

Smelting and Pressing of Non-ferrous metals

10.7

Manufacture of Metal Products

15.5

Manufacture of General Purpose Machinery

13.8

Manufacture of Special Purpose Machinery

12.4

Manufacture of Automobile

18.8

Manufacture of Railway, Ships, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipments

8.0

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

13.3

Manufacture of Computer, Communication and Other Electronic Equipment

11.7

Manufacture of Measuring Instruments and Machinery

15.6

Other Manufacturing

12.1

Comprehensive Utilization of Waste

20.2

Repairing of Metallic Products, Machinery and Equipment

7.4

Production and Supply of Electricity and Heat Power

8.5

Production and Supply of Gas

10.7

Production and Supply of Water

3.6

 

 

 

Figure 2-2  Changes of Profit Margin from the Principal Activities of Industrial Corporate Enterprises above Designated Size

 

  

4. Research and Experimental Development of Enterprises

 

There were 54,832 industrial corporate enterprises above designated size engaged in R&D activities in 2013, an increase of 101 percent compared with that in 2008, accounting for 14.8 percent of all the industrial corporate enterprises above designated size.

 

In 2013, the full-time equivalent of R&D personnel in industrial corporate enterprises above designated size was 2.494 million man-year, an increase of 102.8 percent compared with that in 2008. 

 

In 2013, industrial corporate enterprises above designated size invested 831.84 billion yuan in R&D, an increase of 170.7 percent compared with that in 2008. The R&D input intensity was 0.8 percent, 0.23 percentage point higher than that in 2008. See Table 2-5 for R&D expenditures and input intensity in R&D by industrial corporate enterprises above designated size.

 

Table 2-5  R&D Expenditures and Input Intensity of Industrial Corporate Enterprises above Designated Size by Division

 

 

R&D Expenditures

(100 million)

R&D Input

Intensity%

 

 

 

Total

8318.4

0.80

Mining

292.6

0.43

Mining and Washing of Coal

156.6

0.48

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

80.7

0.70

Mining and Processing of Ferrous Metal Ores

7.7

0.08

Mining and Processing of Non-ferrous Ores

21.8

0.35

Mining and Processing of Nonmetal Ores

7.2

0.15

Supporting Activities for Mining

18.7

0.92

Manufacturing

7959.8

0.88

Processing of Food from Agricultural Products

173.0

0.29

Manufacture of Foods

98.5

0.53

Manufacture of Alcohol, Beverage and Refined Tea

82.7

0.54

Manufacture of Tobacco

22.1

0.27

Manufacture of Textile

158.5

0.44

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel and Accessories

69.3

0.36

Manufacture of Leather, Fur, Feather and Related Products and Footwear

33.9

0.27

Processing of Timber, Manufacture of Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm and Straw Products

27.2

0.23

Manufacture of Furniture

22.5

0.34

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

87.8

0.68

Printing and Reproduction of Record Media

30.4

0.51

Manufacture of Articles for Culture, Education, Arts and Crafts

49.6

0.38

Processing of Petroleum, Coking and Processing of Nuclear Fuel

89.3

0.22

Manufacture of Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products

660.4

0.86

Manufacture of Medicines

347.7

1.70

Manufacture of Chemical Fibers

66.8

0.95

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastic Products

199.5

0.72

Manufacture of Non-metallic Mineral Products

215.0

0.41

Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals

633.0

0.83

Smelting and Pressing of Non-ferrous metals

301.1

0.64

Manufacture of Metal Products

230.0

0.69

Manufacture of General Purpose Machinery

547.9

1.26

Manufacture of Special Purpose Machinery

512.3

1.57

Manufacture of Automobile

680.2

1.14

Manufacture of Railway, Ships, Aerospace and Other Transportation Equipments

372.1

2.27

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

815.4

1.32

Manufacture of Computer, Communication and Other Electronic Equipment

1252.5

1.59

Manufacture of Measuring Instruments and Machinery

149.3

1.97

Other Manufacturing

14.5

0.62

Comprehensive Utilization of Waste

9.6

0.28

Repairing of Metallic Products, Machinery and Equipment

7.8

0.85

Production and Supply of Electricity, Heat Power, Gas and Water

66.0

0.11

Production and Supply of Electricity and Heat Power

58.4

0.10

Production and Supply of Gas

3.6

0.09

Production and Supply of Water

3.9

0.26

 

 

 

 

In 2013, there were 561 thousand patent applications accepted from industrial corporate enterprises above designated size, among which 205 thousand were invention patents, an increase of 223.2 percent and 368.7 percent respectively compared with that in 2008; and the share of invention patent was 36.6 percent, 11.4 percentage points higher than that in 2008.

 

5. High Technology Industry (Manufacturing)

 

At the end of 2013, there were 26,894 high technology (manufacturing) corporate enterprises above designated size, an increase of 4.2 percent compared with that at the end of 2008, accounting for 7.8 percent of manufacturing corporate enterprises above designated size, an increase of 1.3 percentage points.

 

In 2013, the R&D expenditures by high technology (manufacturing) corporate enterprises above designated size was 203.43 billion yuan, an increase of 178.2 percent compared with that in 2008, accounting for 25.6 percent of investment in R&D made by manufacturing corporate enterprises above designated size, an increase of 0.6 percentage point. The R&D input intensity was 1.75 percent, 0.44 percentage point higher than that in 2008 and 0.87 percentage point higher than the average of manufacturing industry above designated size. (Table 2-6).

 

Table 2-6  R&D Expenditures and Input Intensity of High Technology (Manufacturing) Corporate Enterprises above Designated Size by Division

 

 

R&D Expenditures

(100 million yuan)

R&D Input

Intensity

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

High-technology Industry (Manufacturing)

2034.3

 

1.75

 

1.Manufacture of Medicine 

347.6

 

1.70

 

2.Manufacture of Aerospace Vehicles and Equipment

174.7

 

6.12

 

3.Manufacture of Electronic and Communication Equipment

1170.3

 

1.93

 

4.Manufacture of Computer and Office Equipment

148.5

 

0.64

 

5.Manufacture of Medical Equipment and Measuring Instruments and Equipment

193.2

 

2.18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 2-3  R&D Expenditures and Input Intensity of High Technology (Manufacturing) Corporate Enterprises above Designated Size by Divison

 

 

In 2013, there were 143 thousand patent applications accepted from high technology (manufacturing) corporate enterprises above designated size, among which 74 thousand were invention patents, 194.9 percent and 179 percent higher respectively than that in 2008, accounting for 51.8 percent of all patents accepted, 15.2 percentage points higher than the average of manufacturing industry above designated size.

 

II. Construction

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2013, there were 347,503 construction corporate enterprises with 53.206 million persons employed, up by 53.2 percent and 36.4 percent respectively than that at the end of 2008.

 

Among the construction corporate enterprises, 99.6 percent were domestic funded enterprises, 0.2 percent enterprises with funds from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and 0.2 percent foreign funded enterprises. Among domestic funded companies, state owned enterprises took up 1.6 percent of all corporate enterprises, collectively owned enterprises 2 percent and private enterprises 65.1 percent.

 

In terms of persons employed by construction corporate enterprises, domestic funded enterprises accounted for 99.5 percent, 0.3 percent for enterprises with funds from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and 0.2 percent for foreign funded enterprises. Among domestic funded enterprises, 4.7 percent of the persons employed worked for state owned enterprises, 3.4 percent for collectively owned enterprises and 42.5 percent for private enterprises. (Table 2-7)

 

Table 2-7  Number of Construction Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed, by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

Persons Employed

(10,000)

 

 

 

  Total

347503

5320.6

Domestic Funded Enterprises

345940

5291.8

    State Owned Enterprises

5533

247.4

    Collectively Owned Enterprises

6964

181.9

    Cooperative Enterprises

1515

17.2

    Joint Ownership Enterprises

610

7.8

    Limited Liability Corporations

89169

2205.3

    Share-holding Corporations Limited

7211

347.7

    Private Enterprises

226068

2263.4

    Other Domestic Funded Enterprises

8870

21.0

Enterprises with Funds from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan 

851

17.4

Foreign Funded Enterprises

712

11.4

 

 

 

 

Figure 2-4  Number of Construction Corporate Enterprises by Status of Registration

 

 

 

Among construction corporate enterprises, 21.5 percent were house building enterprises, 18.3 percent civil engineering enterprises, 17.6 percent installation enterprises and 42.7 percent decoration and other enterprises.

 

In terms of persons employed by construction corporate enterprises, house building enterprises took up 67 percent, civil engineering enterprises 17 percent, installation enterprises 6.4 percent, and decoration and other enterprises 9.6 percent. (Table 2-8)

 

Table 2-8  Number of Construction Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed, by Branch

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

 

 

Persons Employed

(10,000)

 

 

 

 

   Total

34.8

 

5320.6

   House Building

7.5

 

3565.0

   Civil Engineering

6.3

 

907.1

   Installation

6.1

 

339.3

   Decoration and Others

14.8

 

509.1

 

 

 

 

 

2. Total Assets

 

At the end of 2013, the total amount of assets of construction corporate enterprises reached 16,761.65 billion yuan, an increase of 180.9 percent compared with that at the end of 2008. (Table 2-9)

 

Table 2-9  Total Assets of Construction Corporate Enterprises by Branch

 

 

Total Assets

(100 million yuan)

 

 

 Total

167616.5

   House Building

74343.9

   Civil Engineering

63464.6

   Installation

14865.5

   Decoration and Others

14942.4

 

 

 

Notes:

 

[1] Industrial enterprise above designated size refers to industrial corporate enterprises with annual revenue of 20 million yuan or above from principal activities.

 

[2] High technology (manufacturing) industry includes manufacture of medicine, manufacture of aerospace vehicle and equipment, electronic and communication equipment, manufacture of computer and office equipment, manufacture of medical equipment and manufacture of measuring instrument and equipment according to the Classification of High Technology Industry (Manufacturing) (2013).

 

[3] Research and experimental development refers to systematic and innovative activities with the purpose of increasing knowledge and using the knowledge to create new applications in the science and technology field, including fundamental research, applied research and experimental development.

 

[4] R&D input intensity refers to the ratio of R&D expenditures to the revenue from principal activities.

 

[5] The errors of the total numbers and some results in the table caused by the rounding-off of decimals are not mechanically adjusted. 

 

 

 

(In case of any divergence in the interpretation of this Communiqué, the Chinese version shall prevail.)

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