Households' Income and Consumption Expenditure in the First Three Quarters of 2020
I. Households' Income
In the first three quarters, China's per capita disposable income reached 23,781 yuan, a nominal increase of 3.9 percent over the same period of last year. After deducting the price factor, the actual increase was 0.6 percent. Among them, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 32,821 yuan, an increase of 2.8 percent (if there is no special explanation below, it is a yearonyear nominal growth rate). After deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 0.3 percent; the per capita disposable income of rural households was 12,297 yuan, an increase of 5.8 percent, and the actual increase was 1.6 percent after deducting the price factor.
In the first three quarters, the median per capita disposable income of Chinese households was 20,512 yuan, an increase of 3.2 percent, and the median was 86.3 percent of the average. Among them, the median per capita disposable income of urban households was 30,015 yuan, an increase of 2.4 percent, and the median was 91.5 percent of the average; the median per capita disposable income of rural households was 10,650 yuan, an increase of 4.7 percent, and the median was 86.6 percent of the average.
According to the source of income, in the first three quarters, the per capita wage income of national households reached 13,486 yuan, increased by 3.6 percent, accounting for 56.7 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net operating income was 3,680 yuan, down 2.0 percent, accounting for 15.5 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net property income was 2,090 yuan, an increase of 7.2 percent, accounting for 8.8 percent of the disposable income; the per capita net transfer income was 4,525 yuan, an increase of 8.9 percent, accounting for 19.0 percent of the disposable income.
II. Consumption Expenditure of Households
In the first three quarters, China's per capita consumption expenditure was 14,923 yuan, down 3.5 percent in nominal terms compared with the same period last year. After deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 6.6 percent. Among them, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban households was 19,247 yuan, a decrease of 5.6 percent, after deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 8.4 percent; the per capita consumption expenditure of rural households was 9,430 yuan, an increase of 0.8 percent, and the actual decrease was 3.2 percent after deducting the price factor.
In the first three quarters, the per capita consumption expenditure on food, tobacco and alcohol was 4,546 yuan, an increase of 5.5 percent, accounting for 30.5 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita clothing consumption expenditure was 847 yuan, down 11.9 percent, accounting for 5.7 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita residential consumption expenditure was 3,736 yuan, an increase of 3.6 percent, accounting for 25.0 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; and the per capita consumption expenditure on daily necessities and services was 896 yuan, down 3.3 percent, accounting for 6.0 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita transportation and communication consumption expenditure was 1,955 yuan, a decrease of 5.9 percent, accounting for 13.1 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita education, culture and entertainment consumption expenditure was 1,276 yuan, a decrease of 27.7 percent, accounting for 8.6 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita medical and health care consumption expenditure was 1,338 yuan, decreased by 5.4 percent, accounting for 9.0 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita other consumption expenditure was RMB 1338, decreased by 5.4 percent, accounting for 9.0 percent of the per capita consumption; the expenditure consumer spending on goods and services was 328 yuan, down 18.1 percent, accounting for 2.2 percent of per capita consumption expenditure.
Table 1 Income and Expenditure Nationwide in the First Three Quarters of 2020

 
Item  Absolute Value ( yuan)  Y/Y(%) 
 





 
Total Per Capita Income Nationwide  23781  3.9（0.6）  
Grouped by Permanent Residence 

 
Urban Households  32821  2.8（0.3）  
Rural Households  12297  5.8（1.6）  
Grouped by Income Source 

 
Income of Wages and Salaries  13486  3.6  
Net Business Income  3680  2.0  
Net Income from Property  2090  7.2  
Net Income from Transfer  4525  8.9  
Total Per Capita Income Nationwide Median  20512  3.2  
Grouped by Permanent Residence 

 
Urban Households  30015  2.4  
Rural Households  10650  4.7  
Total Per Capita Expenditure Nationwide  14923  3.5（6.6）  
Grouped by Permanent Residence 

 
Urban Households  19247  5.6（8.4）  
Rural Households  9430  0.8（3.2）  
Grouped by Consumption Category 

 
Food, tobacco and liquor  4546  5.5  
Clothing  847  11.9  
Residence  3736  3.6  
Household facilities, articles and services  896  3.3  
Transportation and telecommunication  1955  5.9  
Education, culture and recreation  1276  27.7  
Health care and medical services  1338  5.4  
Miscellaneous goods and services  328  18.1  


 
Notes:
 

Annotations:
1. Explanatory Notes
Disposable income of Households refers to the sum of final consumption expenditure and savings that residents can use, that is, the income that residents can use for free disposal, including both cash income and physical income. According to the source of income, disposable income includes wage and salary income, net business income, net property income and net transfer income.
Consumer spending refers to all the expenditures that residents use to meet their daily needs, including both cash and physical consumption. Consumer spending includes eight categories: food, tobacco and alcohol, clothing, housing, daily necessities and services, transportation and communication, education, culture and recreation, medical care and other supplies and services.
The median of the nationwide per capita disposable income of households refers to the per capita disposable income of households which lies in the middle of all surveyed households ranked from low to high on the basis of per capita disposable income level.
The quarterly income and expenditure data do not include the income and consumption of the selfproduced and selfused parts of households, and the annual income and expenditure data includes.
2.Survey Methods
The national and sub urban and rural households' income and expenditure data comes from the household income and expenditure and living conditions survey organized and implemented by the National Bureau of Statistics, which is released quarterly.
Using stratified, multistage, probability sampling method proportional to the size of population, the National Bureau of Statistics randomly selected 160000 households in 1800 counties (cities, districts) of 31 provinces (regions, cities) as survey households.
According to the unified system and method, the survey organizations directly under the National Bureau of statistics will organize the household to record and collect the data of households' income, expenditure, family operation, production and investment; meanwhile, according to the unified questionnaire, collect other surveys such as the employment of household members and labor force, the ownership of housing and durable consumer goods, and the enjoyment of households' basic social and public services. After the completion of data collection, the municipal and county survey organizations use unified methods and data processing procedures to code, review and input the original investigation data, and then directly transmit the basic household data to the National Bureau of Statistics for unified summary and calculation.