1-1 自然状况

       Item 2012
     
国土  Territory             
  国土面积             (万平方公里)      Area of Territory                                     (10 000 sq.km) 960
  海域面积             (万平方公里)      Area of Sea                                              (10 000 sq.km) 473
  海洋平均深度                 (米)      Average Depth of Sea                                                (m) 961
  海洋最大深度                 (米)      Maximum Depth of Sea                                             (m) 5377
  岸线总长度                 (公里)      Length of Coastline                                                  (km) 32000
    大陆岸线长度          Mainland Shore 18000
    岛屿岸线长度          Island Shore 14000
  岛屿个数                     (个)      Number of Islands 5400
  岛屿面积             (万平方公里)      Area of Islands                                       (10 000 sq.km) 3.87
气候  Climate  
  热量分布              (积温≥0℃)      Distribution of Heat (Accumulated Temperature0)  
    黑龙江北部及青藏高原          Northern Heilongjiang and Tibet Plateau 2000-2500
    东北平原          Northeast Plain 3000-4000
    华北平原          North China Plain 4000-5000
    长江流域及以南地区          Changjiang (Yangtze) River Drainage Area 5800-6000
                                                        and the Area to the south of it  
    南岭以南地区          Area to the South of Nanling Mountain 7000-8000
  降水量                     (毫米)      Precipitation                                                           (mm)  
    台湾中部山区          Mid-Taiwan Mountain Area 4000
    华南沿海          Southern China Coastal Area 1600-2000
    长江流域          Changjiang River Valley 1000-1500
    华北、东北          Northern and Northeastern Area 400-800
    西北内陆          Northwestern Inland 100-200
    塔里木盆地、吐鲁番盆地和          Tarim Basin, Turpan Basin and Qaidam Basin 25
      柴达木盆地    
  气候带面积比例     (国土面积=100)      Percentage of Climatic Zones to Total Area of Territory  
    湿润地区           (干燥度<1.0)          Humid Zone                                           (aridity<1.0) 32
    半湿润地区     (干燥度=1.0-1.5)          Semi-Humid Zone                             (aridity 1.0-1.5) 15
    半干旱地区     (干燥度=1.5-2.0)          Semi-Arid Zone                                 (aridity 1.5-2.0) 22
    干旱地区           (干燥度>2.0)          Arid Zone                                               (aridity>2.0) 31
     
     
注:1.气候资料为多年平均值。    
    2.岛屿面积未包括香港、澳门特别行政区和台湾省。  
Notes: a) The climate data refer to the average figures in many years.  
           b) Island area does not include that of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region
               and Taiwan Province.    
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