自然状况

      

Item

2010

 

 

 

国土

 Territory

           

  国土面积             (万平方公里)

     Area of Territory                                      (10000 sq.km)

960

  海域面积             (万平方公里)

     Area of Sea                                               (10000 sq.km)

473

  海洋平均深度                 ()

     Average Depth of Sea                                                (m)

961

  海洋最大深度                 ()

     Maximum Depth of Sea                                             (m)

5377

  岸线总长度                 (公里)

     Length of Coastline                                                  (km)

32000

    大陆岸线长度

         Mainland Shore

18000

    岛屿岸线长度

         Island Shore

14000

  岛屿个数                     ()

     Number of Islands

5400

  岛屿面积             (万平方公里)

     Area of Islands                                        (10000 sq.km)

3.87

气候

 Climate

 

  热量分布              (积温≥0)

     Distribution of Heat (Accumulated Temperature≥0)

 

    黑龙江北部及青藏高原

         Northern Heilongjiang and Tibet Plateau

2000-2500

    东北平原

         Northeast Plain

3000-4000

    华北平原

         North China Plain

4000-5000

    长江流域及以南地区

         Changjiang (Yangtze) River Drainage Area and the

5800-6000

 

Area to the south of it

 

    南岭以南地区

         Area to the South of Nanling Mountain

7000-8000

  降水量                     (毫米)

     Precipitation                                                    (mm)                

 

    台湾中部山区

         Mid-Taiwan Mountain Area

4000

    华南沿海

         Southern China Coastal Area

1600-2000

    长江流域

         Changjiang River Valley

1000-1500

    华北、东北

         Northern and Northeastern Area

400-800

    西北内陆

         Northwestern Inland

100-200

    塔里木盆地、吐鲁番盆地和柴达木盆地

         Tarim Basin, Turpan Basin and Qaidam Basin

25

  气候带面积比例     (国土面积=100)

     Percentage of Climatic Zones to Total Area of Territory

 

    湿润地区           (干燥度<1.0)

         Humid Zone                                           (aridity<1.0)

32

    半湿润地区     (干燥度=1.0-1.5)

         Semi-Humid Zone                             (aridity 1.0-1.5)

15

    半干旱地区     (干燥度=1.5-2.0)

         Semi-Arid Zone                                 (aridity 1.5-2.0)

22

    干旱地区           (干燥度>2.0)

         Arid Zone                                               (aridity>2.0)

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

注:1.气候资料为多年平均值。

 

 

        2.岛屿面积未包括香港、澳门特别行政区和台湾省。

 

Notes: a) The climate data refer to the average figures in many years.

 

           b) Island area does not include that of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region

               and Taiwan Province.

 

 

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