I. Main Contents
Data in this chapter present
the development of transportation, post, telecommunications and software
Data on transport cover mainly the length of the routes of five means of transportation, the possession of transport equipment, the condition of technological quality, freight traffic and passenger traffic accomplished by various means of transportation, the length of ports above designated size and the situation of berths, and cargo handled at sea ports.
Data on post, telecommunications and software industry cover mainly the situation of post and telecommunication offices and postal routes; main telecommunication capacity; business volume of postal and telecommunication services achieved; the level of development of postal and telecommunication services, and the main economic indicators of software and IT services industry.
II. Scope of Statistics
1. Data on railway transportation: including the operation and management of the national, local and joint-venture railways but not including railways for military purpose, lines built by industrial and mining enterprises and special railways not for commercial use. Data on the operation and management of the national railways and joint-venture railways come from the railway bureaus and transport enterprises subordinate to them. Data on the operation and management of local railways come from the provincial administrative departments managing the local railways.
2. Data on highways,
waterways and ports: (1) The length
of highways and waterways refer to the length open to traffic or navigation at
the end of the year, but not including the highways and waterways under construction
or not officially having been put into use. (2) Data on the possession of civil
motor vehicles and the number of drivers are provided by the divisions of
vehicle management under the provincial departments of public security,
subordinate to the Traffic Management Bureau, Ministry of Public Security, but
not including vehicles for military use. (3) Data on possession of highway
vehicles are provided by the divisions of vehicle management under provincial
departments of public security, which are subordinate to the Traffic Management
Bureau, Ministry of Public Security, including vehicles for business use and
non-business use. These vehicles are part of the totality of civil motor
vehicles. (4) Data on possession of ships are provided by the divisions of
navigation or ports management under provincial departments of communications,
which are subordinate to the Ministry of Transport. However, fishing boats,
boats for constructions in water and boats for military use are not included.
(5) Data on passenger traffic and freight traffic by highways and waterways are
collected and prepared by the Ministry of Transport. (6) Data on highway and
waterway transportation are collected through both comprehensive reporting
system and non-comprehensive reporting system. The statistical scope
encompasses all the enterprises, institutional units and individuals (including
joint-households) registered in the People’s Republic of
3. Data on pipeline transport: The data on pipeline transport cover the volume transported of petroleum (crude oil) pipelines, petroleum products pipelines, natural gas pipelines and other gas pipelines. Data sources of the pipeline transport statistics are mainly the enterprises engaged in the pipeline transport subordinate to the China National Petroleum and Natural Gas Corporation Group and China Petrochemical Corporation Group. The two corporations collect and examine the statistical data submitted to them from the units subordinate to them respectively.
4. Data on civil aviation transport: The targets of statistical collection are enterprises registered for engagement in civil aviation transport flights and flights for general purposes and general aviation airports with scheduled flights. Excluded are foreign companies which operate flights within Chinese territory. The scope of statistics encompasses number of lines, mileage flown, transport volume, composition of the fleets operational situation of the airlines，performance of general purpose flights in respect of domestic transport, transport between China mainland and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and international transport.
5. Data on post,
telecommunications and software industry: Data in this category include postal enterprises
and express delivery companies with annual revenue above 2 million yuan, the three major enterprises of telecommunication:
China Telecom, China Mobile and China Unicom (not including services provided
through dedicated networks), and enterprises of software and IT services with
turnover from primary activities above one million yuan.
By types of business, the business volume of post and telecommunications is
divided into postal services and telecommunication services; by coverage it is divided
into domestic service,
III. Sources of Data
Data in this chapter are processed and compiled by the Department of Service Statistics, NBS. Data on transportation are from China Railway Corporation, Ministry of Transport, Civil Aviation Administration of China, China Petroleum and Natural Gas Corporation Group, China Petrochemical Corporation Group, China National Offshore Oil Corporation, the divisions of vehicle management under the provincial departments of public security, which are subordinate to the Traffic Management Bureau, Ministry of Public Security. Data on postal and telecommunication services come from the Ministry of Industry and Information, and the State Post Bureau of China.