Data in this chapter provide
summary data of
I. Trade in Goods
Data on foreign trade include: varieties of imports and exports, amount (weight), value, countries (regions), imports and exports corporations, destination within territory, origin of goods within territory, mode of trade, types of tariffs and so on.
The scope of foreign trade
statistics are designed according to United Nations’ principles on international
trade statistics, that is: all imports or exports that will lead to stock
changes of material resources with the
Sources of data on foreign
trade are from the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic
Customs statistics in value terms for both imports and exports are compiled according to the classifications of UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC). The list of import and export commodities is compiled based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS) stipulated by the Customs Cooperation Council （World Customs Organization） and China’s reality of imports and exports.
In the table on
II. Trade in Services
Statistics on trade in services is compiled according to Balance of Payments (BOP) and does not include services of government. Data on trade in services are from the Ministry of Commerce.
III. Statistics on Utilization of Foreign Capitals
Utilization of foreign capitals includes: foreign direct investments and other foreign investments, and the basic condition of registration of foreign funded enterprises.
The statistics cover all the units and departments which have utilized foreign capitals, all the Sino-foreign joint ventures, Sino-foreign cooperative enterprises, ventures exclusively with foreign investment, foreign-funded stock companies, Sino-foreign cooperative development projects (including the enterprises funded by the entrepreneurs from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) with independent accounting system and legal person status, and all foreign enterprises or enterprises funded by the entrepreneurs from Hong Kong Macao and Taiwan which engaged in business activities, and branches of foreign companies which have been approved to be set up within the boundaries of the People’s Republic of China after verification and registration through administrative authorities for industry and commerce.
Data on utilization of foreign capitals are from Ministry of Commerce, of which, data on basic condition of registration of foreign funded enterprises are from State Administration for Industry and Commerce through comprehensive reporting system.
Special notice: data on utilization of foreign capitals before 1985 were survey results from governmental statistical agencies, since 1986 all data are from Ministry of Commerce (formerly MOFTEC). Data on utilization of foreign capitals before 2000 include foreign loans.
IV. Overseas Direct Investment
Overseas direct investment includes: basic situation of domestic investors and overseas enterprises, investment, earnings and their distribution between domestic and overseas invested enterprises, import and export of commodities through overseas enterprises, approval of overseas enterprises.
Statistics cover all types of overseas corporate and non-corporate enterprises by direct investment of domestic investors.
Data are from Ministry of Commerce through comprehensive survey.
V. Foreign Economic Cooperation
Data on foreign economic cooperation include: contracted projects, labour services cooperation, design and consultation services, contracted volume, complete business turnover, business turnover by countries (regions) and so on.
The statistics cover contracted projects, labour services cooperation with foreign countries (regions).
The statistical unit in the scheme is the corporate enterprise engaged in contracted projects and labour services cooperation with foreign countries and has been approved by the department of commerce at various levels.
Data on foreign economic cooperation are from Ministry of Commerce through a comprehensive reporting system.
The information about
average exchange rates of RMB yuan to US dollar,
Japanese yen and