Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators
Economically Active Population refers to the population aged 16 and over who are capable of working, are participating in or willing to participate in economic activities, including employed persons and unemployed persons.
Employed Persons refer to persons aged 16 and
over who are engaged in gainful employment and thus receive remuneration
payment or earn business income. This indicator reflects the actual utilization
of total labour force during a certain period of time
and is often used for the research on
Persons Employed in Various Units refer to all the persons working in government agencies of various levels, political and party organizations, social organizations, enterprises and institutions, and receiving wages or other forms of payment. They include fully-employed staff and workers, re-employed retirees, teachers in the schools run by the local people, foreigners and Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan working in various units, part-time employees, employees of other units working temporarily at current posts, and employees holding the second job, but do not include persons who have left their working units while keeping their labour contract (employment relation) unchanged. This indicator reflects the total number of laborers actually engaged in production or other operations in various units.
Persons Employed in Private Enterprises and Self-Employed Individuals in Urban Areas Persons employed in private enterprises refer to the persons employed in the private enterprises which have been registered at the departments of industrial and commercial administration for which the business operation are situated at a county town (i.e. a town where the county government is located), or at urban areas with administrative hierarchy higher than a county town. The self-employed individuals in urban areas refer to persons who hold the certificates of residence in urban areas or have resided in the urban areas for a long time and have been registered at the departments of industrial and commercial administration and approved to be engaged in individual industrial or commercial business, including self-employed persons as well as helpers and hired labourers who work in individual households.
Staff and Workers refer to persons working in,
and receive payment from units of state ownership, collective ownership, joint
ownership, share holding ownership, foreign ownership, and ownership by
State-owned Units refer to economic units whose assets are owned by the state, including non-corporation units registered according to Regulation of the People’s Republic of China on the Registration of Enterprises and Corporations, state organs, institutions and social organizations at the central-level and local levels.
Collective-owned Units refer to economic units
registered according to Regulation of the People’s Republic of
Units of Other Types of Ownership refer to units registered with other
types of ownership, including cooperative units, joint ownership units, limited
liability corporations, share holding corporations, units funded by
Employed Staff and Workers refer to persons who work in, and receive wages from their working units, including persons who have their work posts but are temporarily absent from work for reasons of study or on sick, injury or maternal leave and still receive wages from their working units.
Total Wage Bill refers to the total remuneration payment to staff and workers in various units during a certain period of time. The calculation of total wage bill is based on the total remuneration payment to the staff and workers. Therefore, all the wages and salaries and other payments to staff and workers are included in the total wage bill regardless of sources, reckoning the cost of production or not, category, listing as items of premium taxation or not, and forms, paying in cash or in kind.
Average Wage refers to the average wage in money terms per person during a certain period of time for staff and workers in enterprises, institutions, and government agencies, which reflects the general level of wage income during a certain period of time and is calculated as follows:
Average Wage Indices refers to the ratio of average wage of staff and workers at the reference period to that at the base period, which reflects the change of wage of staff and workers at the different period. It is calculated as follows:
Average Real Wage Indices average real wage of staff and workers refers to the average wage of staff and workers after removing the effects of the price changes and average real wage indices of staff and workers refers to the change of real wage, which reflects the relative increasing or decreasing level of real wage of staff and workers, which is calculated as follows:
Earning refer to total remuneration payment to all employees in various units in urban areas (did not include urban private units and self-employed individuals) during a certain period of time, including staff and workers and other employees (i.e., reemployed retirees or those who are from Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan province or other countries).
Average Earning refer to average earning level in money terms per employee in the enterprise, institution and government organ during a certain period of time, it is calculated as follows:
Registered Unemployed Persons in Urban Areas refer to the persons with non-agricultural household registration at certain working ages (16 years old to retirement age), who are capable of working, unemployed and willing to work, and have been registered at the local employment service agencies to apply for a job.
Registered Unemployment Rate in Urban Areas refers to the ratio of the number of the registered unemployed persons to the sum of the number of persons employed in various units (minus the employed rural labour force, re-employed retirees, and Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan or foreign employees), laid-off staff and workers in urban units, owners of private enterprises in urban areas, owners of self-employed individuals in urban areas, employees of private enterprises in urban areas, employee of self-employed individuals in urban areas, and the registered unemployed persons in urban areas. The formula is as follows: