Brief Introduction




I. Main Contents

This chapter contains information that reflects natural resource conditions and the development of environment protection in China.

Data on natural conditions cover land area, mountain ranges, rivers, ocean and meteorological phenomena.

Data on natural resources cover use of land, change in cultivated land, water resources, forest resources, mineral resources and meteorological phenomena.

The development of environment protection mainly include water supply and utilization, discharge and treatment of industrial and other waste water; urban air quality, emission and treatment of waste gas; production, treatment and utilization of industrial solid wastes, collection and disposal of consumption wastes in cities; national monitoring of road traffic noise and  urban environmental noise in key cities; afforestation and natural protection; incidences of geological, seismic, marine and forest disasters, environmental pollution and destruction incidents; investment in environment pollution treatment, etc.

II. Sources of Data

Data on natural conditions are compiled by the Department of Comprehensive Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics using relevant historical data.

Data on meteorological phenomena, mineral and water resources, collection and disposal of urban consumption wastes, use of land and change in cultivated land, forest resources, marine disasters, etc. are provided respectively by National Meteorological Administration, Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, State Forestry Administration and State Oceanic Administration.

Data on environmental pollution and treatment, pollutants from consumption, acoustic environment and on investment in the treatment of industrial pollution are provided by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.

III. Scope of Statistics and Methods of Survey

1) Scope of statistics: industrial enterprises, urban living and other urban units which discharge pollutants.

2) Survey methods for discharge and treatment of industrial pollutants: comprehensive survey is conducted on all key industrial enterprises, while overall estimation is carried out for non-key enterprises. Data on discharge of pollutants of key and non-key enterprises make up the total discharge of the region.

Data on pollution from consumption and other sources are estimated using relevant statistics and technical parameters.