2-5 Indicators on Proportions and Efficiency in National Economic and Social Development

 

 

 

 

 

Item

1985

1990

1995

1999

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Population and Employment

 

 

 

 

  Population

 

 

 

 

      Birth Rate                                             ()

21.04

21.06

17.12

15.23

      Death Rate                                           ()

6.78

6.67

6.57

6.46

      Natural Growth Rate                            ()

14.26

14.39

10.55

8.77

  Employment

      Dependency Ratio

1.12

0.79

0.78

0.78

      Employment Ratio by Type of Industry

                     (Employment in primary industry=100)

          Primary Industry

100

100

100

100

          Secondary Industry

33.5

35.5

44.1

45.9

          Tertiary Industry

26.8

30.8

47.5

53.7

      Unemployment Rate in Urban Areas            (%)

1.8

2.5

2.9

3.1

 

 

 

 

  Macro Economy

 

 

 

 

  National Accounting

 

 

 

 

      Ratio of Value-added by Type of Industry

 

 

 

 

                    (Value added in primary industry=100)

 

 

 

 

          Primary Industry

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

          Secondary Industry

152.1

153.8

238.0

279.6

          Tertiary Industry

100.6

115.9

149.6

187.0

      Overall Labor Productivity            (yuan/person)

1797

2902

8606

11604

          Primary Industry

817

1306

3381

4088

          Secondary Industry

3711

5652

18261

24896

          Tertiary Industry

3061

4915

10651

14239

      Per Capita GDP                               (yuan)

853

1634

4854

6534

  Investment in Fixed Assets

      Proportion of Investment in fixed Assets to

        GDP                                          (%)

20.2

24.4

34.2

36.4

      Rate of Total Floor Space of Buildings

82.0

78.6

67.7

71.2

        Completed in Construction                    (%)

      Rate of Fixed Assets Completed in Capital

68.2

80.0

63.7

76.4

        Construction and Put into Use                (%)

      Rate of Projects Completed in Capital

50.7

53.8

57.0

58.8

        Construction and Put into Use                (%)

  Finance

Proportion of Government Revenue to GDP (%)

22.4

15.8

10.7

14.0

  Proportion of Government Expenditures to

    GDP                                                         (%)

22.4

16.6

11.7

16.1

  Proportion of Local Government Revenue to

160.5

196.0

91.7

95.7

    Central Government Revenue                   (%)

  Proportion of Local Government Expenditure

152

207

242

218

    to Central Government Expenditure         (%)

  Proportion of Extra-budgetary Receipt to

    Government Revenue                               (%)

76.3

92.2

38.6

31.2

  Price Index

      Overall Industrial and Farm Products Price

66.6

62.8

52.0

66.1

        Parity Index                 (use 1978=100 index)

  Utilization of Foreign Capital

      Proportion of Foreign Capital Actually Used to

       Total Amount of Foreign Capital for Utilization

47.1

85.1

46.6

101.2

        by Signed Contracts or Agreements (%)

  Production and Consumption of Energy

      Elasticity Ratio of Energy Production

0.73

0.58

0.83

-

      Elasticity Ratio of Energy Consumption

0.60

0.47

0.66

-

      Energy Consumption per 10 000 yuan GDP(ton)

8.6

5.2

2.2

1.5

  Agriculture

      Per Capita Cultivated Land                 (hectare)

0.09

0.08

0.08

      Cultivated Land per Agricultural Laborer(hectare)

0.33

0.29

0.29

      Total Power of Agricultural Machinery per

2.09

3

3.8

        Hectare of Cultivated Land                    (kw)

      Electric Power Consumption per hectare of

510

883

1743

        Cultivated Land                              (kwh)

      Chemical Fertilizer Consumption per Hectare

178

271

378

        of Cultivated Land                            (kg)

      Agricultural Output Value per Hectare of

2510

5178

12514

        Cultivated Land                             (yuan)

      Output of Farm Products per Agricultural

        Laborer                                       (kg)

          Grain

1222

1357

1435

1551

          Cotton

13.4

13.7

14.7

11.7

          Oil-bearing Crops

50.9

49.1

69.2

79.4

          Meat

181.5

          Aquatic Products

22.7

37.6

77.4

125.8

      Output of Farm Crops per Hectare of Sown

        Area                                          (kg)

          Grain

3483

3933

4240

4493

          Cotton

810

810

879

1028

          Oil-bearing Crops

1338

1480

1572

1871

  Economic Efficiency of  Industry

      Ratio of Total Assets to Industrial Output Value (%)

9.19

7.45

      Assets-Liability  Ratio                          (%)

65.31

61.83

      Ratio of Profits to Industrial Cost              (%)

3.21

3.42

      Number of Times of Annual of Turnover

1.58

1.47

        Circulating Funds                     (times/year)

      Overall Labor Productivity        (yuan/person-year)

18477

37148

  Construction

      Value of Machinery per Laborer         (yuan/person)

2467

4264

5756

      Ratio of Per-tax Profits to Gross Output Value  (%)

5.4

4.2

4.4

      Overall Labor Productivity             (yuan/person)

  (in terms of gross output value per employee)

13109

38680

53328

  Transportation

      Elasticity of Passenger Traffic

1.26

      -

0.69

0.15

      Elasticity of Freight Traffic

0.3

      -

0.44

0.28

      Railway Density                     (km/10000 sq.km)

54

56

57

60

      Highway Density                     (km/10000 sq.km)

982

1071

1205

1408

      Railway Freight Traffic Density             (ton/km)

25088

28217

30376

28877

      Highway Freight Traffic Density             (ton/km)

5709

7041

8128

7327

      Cargo Handled at Seaports per Berth (10 000 tons)

84

50

63

76

      Elasticity of Postal and Telecommunications Services

1.35

33.15

4.16

5.21

      Access to Telephones, National

0.6

1.1

4.7

13.0

  (set/100 persons)

      Access to Telephones, Urban  (set/100 persons)

3.2

6.4

15.8

19.2

  Domestic Trade

      Per Capita Retail Sales of Consumer Goods (yuan)

17681

25852

50213

66272

  Foreign Trade

      Proportion of Total Imports & Exports to

        GDP                                           (%)

23.1

30

40.2

36.5

  International Tourism

      Expenditure per International Tourist in

70

81

188

194

        China                                        (USD)

  Finance and Insurance

      Bank Deposits as Percentage of GDP               (%)

 

132.8

      Bank Loans as Percentage of GDP                  (%)

 

114.4

      Proportion of Cash Outlay to Cash Receipt

        in State Banking System                                (%)

103.6

101.7

100.6

101.0

  Education, Science and Technology and Culture

  Education

      Rate of School-age Children Enrollment           (%)

96.0

97.8

98.5

99.1

      Rate of Graduates of Primary Schools

68.4

74.6

90.8

94.4

        Entering Junior Secondary Schools              (%)

      Rate of Graduates of Junior Secondary

41.7

40.6

48.3

50.0

        Schools Entering Senior Secondary Schools      (%)

      Student-teacher Ratio(in percentage)             (%)

          Colleges and Universities

5.0

5.2

7.2

9.7

          Secondary Schools

17.2

14.6

15.9

17.4

          Primary Schools

24.9

21.9

23.3

23.1

  Science and Technology

      R&D Expenditures as Percentage of GDP         (%)

0.71

0.60

0.83

  Culture

      Number of Troupes per Million Persons

3.13

2.45

2.21

2.09

      Number of Public Libraries per Million Persons

2.21

2.21

2.16

2.20

      Number of Museums per Million Persons

0.67

0.89

0.99

1.08

  Family, People's Livelihood and Environment

  Family

      Dependency Ratio of Children                     (%)

 43.73*

41.52

40.16

34.99

      Dependency Ratio of the Aged                     (%)

  8.33*

8.37

10.06

11.15

  Marriages and Divorces

      Divorce Rate                                     ()

0.88

1.38

1.75

1.91

  People's Livelihood

      Proportion of Growth Rate of Annual Income of

0.36

0.46

0.67

0.70

        Urban Residents to the  Growth Rate of Annual

        Net Income of Rural Residents            (1978=100)

  Welfare

      Insurance & Welfare Funds of Staff and

24.0

31.8

29.2

        Workers as Percentage of Total Wages           (%)

      Proportion of the Number of Workers Who Have

13.2

16.4

20.8

31.7

        Retired or Resigned to the Number of

        Employed Ones                                  (%)

  Health Care

      Number of Hospitals per 10 000 Persons         (unit)

0.56

0.55

0.56

0.53

      Number of Doctors per 10 000 Persons           (unit)

13.3

15.4

15.8

16.7

      Number of Hospital Beds per 10 000 Persons     (unit)

21.1

23

23.4

23.9

      Utilization Rate of Hospital Beds                (%)

82.7

80.9

66.9

59.8

  City Construction

      Percentage of Households with Access to Tap Water(%)

81.0

89.2

93.0

96.3

      Percentage of Households with Access to Tap Gas  (%)

22.4

42.2

70.0

81.7

      Public Green Areas per 10 000 Persons(hectare)

13.7

32.2

36.7

38.6

  Environment and Disasters

      Average Loss of per Fire Disaster              (yuan)

8121

8932

29022

7968

      Average Loss of per Traffic Accident           (yuan)

676

1413

5601

5145

      Average Loss per Pollution Accident            (yuan)

50549

35382

a)Figures of dependency ratio of children and the aged with (*) were data in 1987.

b)Since 1993, data on extrabudgetary receipt excluded the revenue of state-owned enterprises and their responsible departments.