2-4 Structural Indicators on National Economic and Social Development

 

 

 

 

 

(%)

Item

1985

1990

1995

1999

  Population and Employment

  Population

      Urban and Rural Structure

          Urban

23.7

26.4

29.0

30.9

          Rural

76.3

73.6

71.0

69.1

      Sexual Structure

          Male

51.7

51.5

51.0

51.0

          Female

48.3

48.5

49.0

49.0

  Employment

      Industrial Structure

          Primary Industry

62.4

60.1

52.2

50.1

          Secondary Industry

20.9

21.4

23.0

23.0

          Tertiary Industry

16.7

18.5

24.8

26.9

  Macro Economy

  National Accounting

      Industrial Structure

          Primary Industry

28.4

27.1

20.5

17.7

          Secondary Industry

43.1

41.6

48.8

49.3

          Tertiary Industry

28.5

31.3

30.7

33.0

  Investment

      Structure of Total Investment in Fixed Assets

          Capital Construction

42.2

37.7

37.0

41.7

          Innovation

17.7

18.4

16.5

15.0

          Real Estate Development

      -

5.6

15.7

13.7

          Other Investment

40.1

38.3

30.8

29.5

      Structure of Funded Sources

          State Budgetary Appropriation

16.0

8.7

3.0

6.2

          Domestic Loans

20.1

19.6

20.5

19.2

          Foreign Investment

3.6

6.3

11.2

6.7

          Fundraising

60.3

65.4

65.3

67.8

  Government Finance

      Structure of Government Revenue

          Central Government

38.4

33.8

52.2

51.1

          Local Governments

61.6

66.2

47.8

48.9

      Structure of Government Expenditures

          Central Government

39.7

32.6

29.2

31.5

          Local Governments

60.3

67.4

70.8

68.5

  Utilization of Foreign Capital

      Structure of Foreign Capital Actually Utilized

          Loans from Abroad

57.8

63.5

21.5

19.4

          Direct Investment by Foreign Entrepreneurs

35.7

33.9

77.9

76.6

          Other Investment by Foreign Entrepreneurs

6.4

2.6

0.6

4.0

  Energy Production and Consumption

      Structure of Total Energy Production

          Coal

72.8

74.2

75.3

68.2

          Petroleum crude Oil

20.9

19.0

16.6

20.9

          Natural Gas

2.0

2.0

1.9

3.1

          Hydropower

4.3

4.8

6.2

7.8

      Structure of Total Energy Consumption

          Coal

75.8

76.2

74.6

67.1

          Petroleum Oil

17.1

16.6

17.5

23.4

          Natural Gas

2.2

2.1

1.8

2.8

          Hydropower

4.9

5.1

6.1

6.7

  Agriculture

      Structure of Gross Output Value

          Farming

69.3

64.7

58.4

57.5

          Forestry

5.2

4.3

3.5

3.6

          Animal Husbandry

22.1

25.7

29.7

28.5

          Fishery

3.5

5.4

8.4

10.4

  Industry

      Structure of Gross Output Value of Industry

          Light Industry

47.1

49.4

47.3

49.2

          Heavy Industry

52.9

50.6

52.7

50.8

  Construction

      Structure of Gross Output Value of

        Construction Enterprises

          Civil Engineering Construction

86.8

87.7

          Line and Equipment Installation

11.0

8.9

          Building Decoration

2.2

3.4

  Transportation

      Structure of Freight Traffic

          By Means of Transportation

              Railways

17.5

15.5

13.4

12.9

              Highways

72.1

74.6

76.2

76.6

              Waterways

8.5

8.3

9.2

8.9

              Civil Aviation

    ...

    ...

    ...

    ...

              Pipelines

1.8

1.6

1.2

1.6

  Domestic Trade

      Composition of Retail Sales of Consumer Goods

          Cities

49.3

53.6

60.0

61.3

          Counties

19.4

18.4

14.2

12.5

          Below Counties

31.3

28.0

25.8

26.2

  Foreign Trade

      Structure of Exports

          Primary Goods

50.6

25.6

14.4

10.2

          Manufactured Goods

49.4

74.40

85.6

89.8

      Structure of Imports

          Primary Goods

12.5

18.5

18.5

16.2

          Manufactured Goods

87.5

81.5

81.5

83.8

  International Tourism

      Structure of Tourists

          Foreigners

7.7

6.4

12.7

11.6

          Overseas Chinese

0.5

0.3

0.2

0.1

          Compatriots form Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

91.8

93.3

87.1

88.3

  Finance and Insurance

      Structure of Sources of Funds in State Banks

          Deposits

88.3

          Bonds

    ...

0.3

          Currency in Circulation

10.9

          Others

0.5

      Structure of Fund Uses in State Banks

          Loans

76.1

          Securities and Investment

10.1

0.5

          Purchase of Gold and Silver

    ...

          Purchase of Foreign Exchanges

12.0

          Government Debt

1.3

  Education, Science and Culture

  Education

      Structure of Student Enrollment

          College and University Students

0.9

1.2

1.5

1.9

          Secondary School Students

27.3

29.1

31.5

36.4

          Primary School Students

71.8

69.7

67.1

61.7

      Full-time Teachers by Type

          College and Universities

4.0

4.2

4.0

3.9

          Secondary Schools

34.2

36.9

39.0

42.2

          Primary Schools

61.9

59.0

56.9

53.9

  Science and Technology

      Structure of Funding for Scientific and

        Technological Expenditure

          Fundraising

44.2

51.1

          Loans from Banks

13.2

8.4

      Structure of Internal Expenditures on Scientific

        and Technological Activities

          Service Fees

21.0

21.0

          Purchases of Fixed Assets

28.5

27.8

          Research and Development Expenses

41.3

52.8

  Family, People's Livelihood and Environment

  People's Livelihood

      Consumption Structure of Urban Residents

          Food

52.2

54.2

49.9

41.9

          Clothing

14.6

13.4

13.5

10.5

          Articles for Daily Use and Others

28.4

27.6

29.5

37.8

          Residence

4.8

4.8

7.1

9.8

      Consumption Structure of Rural Residents

          Food

57.8

58.8

58.6

52.6

          Clothing

9.7

7.8

6.9

5.8

          Articles for Daily Use and Others

14.2

16.1

20.6

26.8

          Residence

18.2

17.3

13.9

14.8

  Social Welfare

      Structure of Insurance Contribution and Welfare

        Funds of Stuff and Workers

          State-owned Units

82.5

82.9

83.9

          Urban Collective Owned Units

17.1

16.3

12.5

          Others

0.4

0.8

3.7

      Structure of Retired Staff and Workers

          State-owned Units

71.2

75.7

77.6

          Urban Collective Owned Units

28.5

24.6

20.1

          Others

0.3

0.5

2.3

  Health Care

      Doctors by Type

          Doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine

23.8

20.9

18.7

16.5

          Doctors of Western Medicine

42.6

60.0

61.8

63.2

          Paramedics of Western Medicine

33.5

18.8

19.0

19.7

      Hospital Beds by Area

          Hospitals at City Level

43.2

52.9

61.3

64.4

          Hospitals at County Level

56.8

47.1

38.7

35.6

  Environment and Disasters

    Uses of Funds in Pollution Treatment

        Waste Water Treatment

44.6

47.6

46.2

45.1

        Waste Gas Treatment

32.4

32.6

33.6

33.4

        Solid Wastes Treatment

9.0

11.2

14.2

5.5

        Noise Abatement

2.3

2.6

2.2

0.6

        Others

11.7

6.0

3.8

15.4

    Structure of Fire Losses Converted into Cash

        Extraordinarily Serious Fires

41.4

35.1

35.8

19.1

        Serious Fires

33.4

27.8

38.3

15.0

        Ordinary Fires

25.2

37.2

25.9

65.9

    Structure of Losses of Traffic Accidents

      Converted into Cash

        Extraordinarily Serious Accidents

18.0

12.5

11.8

9.9

        Serious Accidents

14.6

19.8

22.0

20.0

        Ordinary Accidents

67.4

67.7

66.2

70.1