Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators

Economically Active Population refers to the population aged 16 and over who are capable to work, are participating in or willing to participate in economic activities, including employed persons and unemployed persons.

Employed Persons refers to the persons who are engaged in social labour and receive remuneration payment or earn business incomeincludingtotal staff and workers, re-employed retirees, employers of private enterprises, self-employed workers, employees in private enterprises and individual economy, employees in the township enterprises, employed persons in the rural areas, other employed persons (including teachers in the schools run by the local people, people engaged in religious profession and the servicemen, etc.). This indicator reflects the actual utilization of total labour force during a certain period of time and is often used for the research on Chinas economic situation and national power

Persons Employed in Various Units refer to all the persons working in government agencies of various levels political and party organizations social organizationsenterprises and institutions, and receiving wages or other forms of payment. They include fully-employed staff and workers re-employed retirees teachers in schools run by the local peopleforeigners and Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong Macaoand Taiwan working in various units, part-time employees, employees of other units working temporarily at current posts, and employees holding the second job, but exclude staff and workers who have left their working units while keeping their labour contract (employment relation) unchangedThis indicator reflects the total number of laborers actually engaged in production or other operations in various units.

Persons Employed in Private Enterprises and Self-Employed Individuals in Urban Areas Persons employed in private enterprises refer to the persons employed in the private enterprises which have been registered at the departments of industrial and commercial administration and are situated at a county town (i.e. a town where the county government is located) for business operation or at urban areas with the level higher than a county town. The self-employed individuals in urban areas refer to persons who hold the certificates of residence in urban areas or have resided in the urban areas for a long time and have been registered at the departments of industrial and commercial administration and approved to be engaged in individual industrial or commercial business, including self-employed persons as well as helpers and hired labourers who work in the individual households engaged in industrial or commercial business.

Registered Urban Unemployed Persons The registered unemployed persons in urban areas refer to the persons who are registered as permanent residents in the urban areas engaged in non-agricultural activities, aged within the range of working age, capable to labour, unemployed but desirous to be employed and have been registered at the local employment service agencies to apply for a job.

Registered Urban Unemployment Rate Registered unemployment rate in urban areas refers to the ratio of the number of the registered unemployed persons to the sum of the number of employed persons and the registered unemployed persons . The formula is as follows:

Registered urban unemployment rate = number of registered urban unemployed persons (number of urban employed persons + number of registered urban unemployed persons) 100%

Staff and Workers refer to the persons who work inand receive payment therefromenterprises and institutions of state ownership collective ownership joint ownership share holding foreign ownership and ownership by entrepreneurs from Hong Kong Macao and Taiwan and other types of ownership and their affiliated unitsexcluding the retired persons invited to work in the units again, teachers in the schools run by the local people and foreigners and persons coming from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and working in the state-owned economic units. (Number of staff and workers in this yearbook include only fully employed staff and workers, excluding those who have left their working units while keeping their labour contract/employment relation unchanged)

Fully Employed Staff and Workers refer to persons who work in, and receive wages from their working units, as well as persons who have their work posts, but are temporarily absent from work for reasons of study or on sick, injury or maternal leave and still receive wages from their working units.

Staff and Workers in State-owned Economic Units refer to the persons who work in the state-owned economic units or their attached units and are listed in their payrolls. Staff and Workers of Collective Owned Units in Urban Areas refer to the persons who work in collective owned units in urban areas and their administration departments and receive payment there from

Staff and Workers in Units of Other types of Ownership refer to those who work inand receive payment therefromenterprises and institutions of joint ownership share holding foreign ownership and ownership by entrepreneurs from Hong Kong Macao and Taiwan

Total Wages of Staff and Workers refer to the total remuneration payment to staff and workers in various units during a certain period of timeThe calculation of total wages is based on the total remuneration payment to the staff and workers. Therefore all the wages and salaries and other payments to staff and workers are included in the total wages regardless of their sources category and forms (in kind or cash)(Total wages of staff and workers in this yearbook include only total wages of fully employed staff and workers, excluding the living allowances distributed to those who have left their working units while keeping their labour contract/employment relation unchanged)

Bonus refers to remuneration payment to workers for extra work and for increasing earnings and practicing economy

Subsidies and Allowances refer to subsidies paid to staff and workers for compensating special or extra labour and allowances paid to staff and workers to offset the impact of inflation on real wages

Average Wage of Staff and Workers refers to the average wage in money terms per person during a certain period of time for staff and workers in enterprises institutions and government agencies which reflects the general level of wage income during a certain period of time and is calculated as follows

Average Wage of Staff and WorkersTotal Wages of Staff and Workers

in Reference Period / Average Number of Staff and Workers in Reference Period Average Real Wage of Staff and Workers refers to average wage of staff and workers after removing the effects of price changes which is calculated as follows

Average Real Wage of Staff and Workers Average Wage of Staff and Workers in Reference Period / Consumer Price Index of Urban Residents in Reference Period