Communiqué on the Fourth National Economic Census (No. 4)
National Bureau of Statistics of China2019-11-20 10:00




Communiqué on the Fourth National Economic Census (No. 4)

----Basic Information of the Tertiary Industry (Part 1)

 

National Bureau of Statistics of China

Office of the Leading Group of the State Council for the

Fourth National Economic Census

November 20, 2019

 

Based on the results of the Fourth National Economic Census the major data of wholesale and retail trade transportation storage and post hotels and catering services information transmission software and information technology services financial intermediation real estate and leasing and business services in the tertiary industry are disseminated as the following

 

 I. Wholesale and Retail Trade

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 6.499 million corporate enterprises engaged in wholesale and retail trade with total number of 40.082 million persons employed, up by 131.2 percent and 20.9 percent respectively as compared with those at the end of 2013.

 

Of the total number of corporate enterprises in wholesale and retail trade, wholesale accounted for 54.5 percent and retail trade accounted for 45.5 percent. Of the total number of persons employed, wholesale accounted for 54.8 percent and retail trade accounted for 45.2 percent. (Table 4-1)

 

Table 4-1 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Wholesale and Retail Trade by Group

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

649.9

4008.2

Wholesale

354.2

2198.2

Agricultural, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery Products

20.9

133.9

Food, Beverages and Tobaccos

41.6

319.8

Textiles, Wearing Apparel and Household Articles

54.1

326.4

Cultural, Sports Appliances and Equipments

13.2

76.0

Medicines and Medical Appliances

12.5

158.6

Mineral products, Building Materials and Chemical Products

95.3

578.0

Machinery, Hardware and Electronics

79.4

432.4

Trade Broker and Agency

12.0

52.4

Others

25.3

120.7

Retail Trade

295.7

1810.0

Integrated Retail

28.8

348.1

Food, Beverages and Tobaccos

34.7

170.3

Textiles, Wearing Apparel and Daily Consumer Articles

34.7

182.8

Cultural, Sports Appliances and Equipments

18.0

89.3

Medicines and Medical Appliances

23.0

162.1

Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles, Parts, Fuels and other power

33.4

312.8

Household Electric Appliances and Electronic Products

38.0

187.5

Hardware, Furniture and Interior Decoration Materials

44.9

183.5

Stalls, Non-shop and Other Retails

40.4

173.5

Of the total number of corporate enterprises in wholesale and retail trade, domestic funded enterprises accounted for 99.2 percent, enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan accounted for 0.4 percent, and foreign funded enterprises accounted for 0.4 percent.

 

Of the total number of persons employed, those in domestic funded enterprises accounted for 94.8 percent, those in enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan accounted for 2.6 percent, and those in foreign funded enterprises accounted for 2.6 percent. (Table 4-2)

 

Table 4-2 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Wholesale and Retail Trade by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

649.9

4008.2

Domestic Funded Enterprises

645.0

3799.1

  State-owned Enterprises

1.5

47.4

  Collective-owned Enterprises

2.8

26.9

  Shareholding Cooperative Enterprises

0.6

4.1

  Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.2

1.8

  Limited Liability Corporations

66.6

712.7

  Shareholding Corporations Limited

4.8

134.5

  Private Enterprises

550.4

2763.3

  Other Enterprises

18.1

108.6

Enterprises Funded by Investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

2.5

103.4

Foreign Funded Enterprises

2.4

105.6

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of the corporate enterprises engaged in wholesale and retail trade reached 53.44515 trillion yuan, an increase of 56.1 percent as compared with that at the end of 2013. Of the total, the assets of corporate enterprises in wholesale were 42.12634 trillion yuan, and that of corporate enterprises in retail trade were 11.31882 trillion yuan, up by 56.0 percent and 56.5 percent respectively over the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 36.38101 trillion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 88.15683 trillion yuan. (Table 4-3)

 

Table 4-3 Main Economic Indicators of Corporate Enterprises in Wholesale and Retail Trade by Group

 

 

Total Assets

(100 million yuan)

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

534451.5

363810.1

881568.3

Wholesale

421263.4

293613.5

722867.8

Agricultural, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery Products

17781.9

10856.5

18297.7

Food, Beverages and Tobaccos

37875.2

21441.1

56807.8

Textiles, Wearing Apparel and Household Articles

40087.7

28292.8

62520.1

Cultural, Sports Appliances and Equipments

10312.1

6946.1

14641.8

Medicines and Medical Appliances

25256.7

17721.4

33881.2

Mineral products, Building Materials and Chemical Products

194317.1

142842.3

397240.5

Machinery, Hardware and Electronics

71108.5

49074.6

110001.4

Trade Broker and Agency

12152.8

8470.7

11367.4

Others

12371.3

7968.0

18109.9

Retail Trade

113188.2

70196.6

158700.5

Integrated Retail

20681.7

13539.9

25222.8

Food, Beverages and Tobaccos

7352.5

3566.1

7866.0

Textiles, Wearing Apparel and Daily Consumer Articles

8119.0

4951.8

9414.1

Cultural, Sports Appliances and Equipments

5736.9

3223.2

5279.4

Medicines and Medical Appliances

5668.8

3328.3

7259.3

Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles, Parts, Fuels and other power

33014.0

21818.8

62113.8

Household Electric Appliances and Electronic Products

11933.8

7468.7

14910.8

Hardware, Furniture and Interior Decoration Materials

9317.7

5269.8

9402.7

Stalls, Non-shop and Other Retails

11363.7

7030.1

17231.6

 II. Transportation, Storage and Post

 1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed 

At the end of 2018, there were 570 thousand corporate enterprises and 13.967 million persons employed in the transportation, storage and post industries, up by 126.2 percent and 12.0 percent respectively as compared with those at the end of 2013. (Table 4-4)

 

Table 4-4 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Transportation, Storage and Post by Division

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

57.0

1396.7

Railway Transport

0.03

193.1

Road Transport

36.1

725.3

Water Transport

1.3

51.3

Air Transport

0.3

62.1

Pipeline Transport

0.03

3.1

Multimodal Transport and Forwarding Agency

9.6

100.5

Loading, Unloading and Storage

7.1

117.7

Post

2.6

143.7

Of the total number of corporate enterprises engaged in transportation, storage and post, the domestic funded enterprises accounted for 99.1 percent, enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 0.5 percent, and foreign funded enterprises 0.4 percent.

 

Of the total number of persons employed, the proportion of those in domestic funded enterprises was 96.4 percent, those in enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 2.2 percent and those in foreign funded enterprises 1.4 percent. (Table 4-5)

 

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of the corporate enterprises engaged in transportation, storage and post reached 35,221.51 billion yuan, up by 86.7 percent over the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 21,366.36 billion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 8,636.55 billion yuan. (Table 4-6)

 

Table 4-5 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Transportation, Storage and Post by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000 )

Total

57.0

1396.7

Domestic Funded Enterprises

56.5

1347.0

  State-owned Enterprises

0.6

101.2

  Collective-owned Enterprises

0.4

10.7

  Shareholding Cooperative Enterprises

0.05

1.3

  Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.03

0.6

  Limited Liability Corporations

8.3

606.9

  Shareholding Corporations Limited

0.7

87.9

  Private Enterprises

46.2

536.7

  Other Enterprises

0.3

1.6

Enterprises Funded by Investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

0.3

30.1

Foreign Funded Enterprises

0.2

19.6

 

Table 4-6 Main Economic Indicators of Corporate Enterprises in Transportation,

Storage and Post by Division

 

 

Total Assets

(100 million yuan)

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

352215.1

213663.6

86365.5

Railway Transport

82547.9

53361.4

8410.6

Road Transport

166195.2

100688.5

33233.9

Water Transport

23482.2

11658.5

6063.6

Air Transport

23292.9

12508.6

7372.8

Pipeline Transport

5509.7

1747.9

3030.8

Multimodal Transport and Forwarding Agency

13708.8

7753.1

13257.7

Loading, Unloading and Storage

32999.0

23440.8

9133.3

Post

4479.4

2504.7

5862.9

 

III. Hotels and Catering Services

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 431 thousand corporate enterprises engaged in hotels and catering services with total number of 7.064 million persons employed, up by 115.5 percent and 2.1 percent respectively as compared with those at the end of 2013.

 

Of the total number of corporate enterprises in hotels and catering services, hotels accounted for 29.1 percent and catering services accounted for 70.9 percent. Of the total number of persons employed, 38.8 percent worked in hotels and 61.2 percent in catering services. (Table 4-7)

 

Table 4-7 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Hotels and Catering Services by Group

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

43.1

706.4

Hotels

12.6

274.0

  Tourism Hotels

3.4

162.9

  Hostels

7.7

95.6

  Homestay Service

0.5

2.6

  Campsite Service

0.01

0.1

  Others

1.0

12.8

Catering Services

30.6

432.4

  Restaurants

24.6

322.1

  Fast Food

1.9

65.2

  Beverages and Cold Drinks

0.9

13.3

Food and Drink Delivery and Takeout Service

0.6

12.5

  Others

2.5

19.3

Of the total number of corporate enterprises in hotels and catering services, domestic funded enterprises accounted for 99.0 percent, enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 0.5 percent and foreign funded enterprises 0.5 percent.

 

Among the total number of persons employed, the proportion of those in domestic funded enterprises was 87.4 percent, that in enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 6.1 percent and foreign funded enterprises 6.5 percent. (Table 4-8)

 

Table 4-8 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Hotels and

Catering Services by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

 (10,000)

Persons

Employed

(10,000)

Total

43.1

706.4

Domestic Funded Enterprises

42.7

617.3

  State-owned Enterprises

0.4

22.6

  Collective-owned Enterprises

0.3

4.2

  Shareholding Cooperative Enterprises

0.1

1.4

  Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.02

0.5

  Limited Liability Corporations

5.4

166.1

  Shareholding Corporations Limited

0.4

15.5

  Private Enterprises

36.0

405.9

  Other Enterprises

0.2

1.2

Enterprises Funded by Investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

0.2

43.1

Foreign Funded Enterprises

0.2

46.0

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of the corporate enterprises engaged in hotels and catering services reached 2,769.21 billion yuan, an increase of 35.3 percent as compared with that at the end of 2013. Of this total, the total assets of the corporate enterprises in hotels were 1,910.90 billion yuan and that of the corporate enterprises in catering services were 858.32 billion yuan, up by 39.0 percent and 27.8 percent respectively over the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 1,857.67 billion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 1,365.09 billion yuan. (Table 4-9)

 

Table 4-9 Main Economic Indicators of Corporate Enterprises in Hotels and

Catering Services by Group

 

 

Total Assets

(100 million yuan)

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

27692.1

18576.7

13650.9

Hotels

19109.0

13246.1

5428.3

Tourism Hotels

13832.1

10072.8

3481.9

Hostels

4322.4

2556.8

1698.9

Homestay Service

224.9

122.6

38.7

Campsite Service

12.6

3.4

1.3

Others

716.9

490.5

207.6

Catering Services

8583.2

5330.6

8222.6

Restaurants

7163.5

4518.7

5939.0

Fast Food

717.9

396.0

1383.7

Beverages and Cold Drinks

267.6

163.0

329.2

Food and Drink Delivery and Takeout Service

149.5

84.2

270.7

Others

284.7

168.8

299.9

 

IV. Information Transmission, Software and Information Technology Services

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 913 thousand corporate enterprises engaged in information transmission, software and information technology services with a total number of 9.951 million persons employed, up by 316.2 percent and 84.5 percent respectively as compared with those at the end of 2013. (Table 4-10)

 

Table 4-10 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Information Transmission, Software and Information Technology Services by Division

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

 (10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

91.3

995.1

Telecommunication, Radio & Television and Satellite Transmission Services

2.5

174.7

Internet and Related Services

12.0

144.3

Software and Information Technology Services

76.8

676.2

 

Of the total number of corporate enterprises engaged in information transmission, software and information technology services, the proportion of domestic funded enterprises was 98.5 percent, that of enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 0.9 percent and foreign funded enterprises 0.6 percent.

 

Of the total number of persons employed, the proportion of those in domestic funded enterprises was 87.8 percent, that in enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 7.0 percent and in foreign funded enterprises 5.2 percent. (Table 4-11)

 

Table 4-11 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Information Transmission, Software and Information Technology Services by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises (10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

91.3

995.1

Domestic Funded Enterprises

90.0

873.8

  State-owned Enterprises

0.1

9.1

  Collective-owned Enterprises

0.1

0.5

  Shareholding Cooperative Enterprises

0.03

0.2

  Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.01

0.1

  Limited Liability Corporations

13.1

262.3

  Shareholding Corporations Limited

1.0

104.4

  Private Enterprises

75.5

496.6

  Other Enterprises

0.1

0.5

Enterprises Funded by Investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

0.8

69.4

Foreign Funded Enterprises

0.5

52.0

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of the corporate enterprises engaged in information transmission, software and information technology services reached 15,202.55 billion yuan, up by 95.5 percent as compared with that at the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 7,186.35 billion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 7,007.81 billion yuan. (Table 4-12)

 

Table 4-12 Main Economic Indicators of Corporate Enterprises in Information

Transmission, Software and Information Technology Services by Division

 

 

Total Assets

100 million yuan

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

152025.5

71863.5

70078.1

Telecommunication, Radio & Television and Satellite Transmission Services

58732.7

21837.0

18610.2

Internet and Related Services

25800.4

15257.9

17424.0

Software and Information Technology Services

67492.4

34768.6

34043.8

V. Financial Intermediation

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 137 thousand corporate enterprises engaged in financial intermediation with a total number of 18.180 million persons employed. (Table 4-13)

 

Table 4-13 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Financial Intermediation by Division

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

13.7

1818.0

Monetary Finance Services

3.9

414.8

Capital Market Services

6.7

67.3

Insurance

1.8

1308.0

Others

1.4

28.0

Note: Corporate enterprises in financial intermediations include those under the supervision of the People’s Bank of China, China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission and China Securities Regulatory Commission and those beyond the supervision but engaged in financial intermediation.

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of the corporate enterprises engaged in financial intermediation reached 321,830.90 billion yuan, and the total liabilities were 274,343.96 billion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 13,718.59 billion yuan. (Table 4-14)

 

Table 4-14 Main Economic Indicators of Corporate Enterprises in Financial

Intermediation by Division

 

 

Total Assets

100 million yuan

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

3218309.0

2743439.6

137185.9

Monetary Finance Services

2642776.1

2416218.1

70426.9

Capital Market Services

223257.5

108405.4

8564.3

Insurance

184159.4

163461.6

45734.9

Others

168116.0

55354.5

12459.8

Note: Corporate enterprises in financial intermediations include those under the supervision of the People’s Bank of China, China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission and China Securities Regulatory Commission and those beyond the supervision but engaged in financial intermediation.

 

VI. Real Estate

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 742 thousand corporate enterprises engaged in real estate in China, an increase of 119.5 percent as compared with that at the end of 2013. Of this total, the number of enterprises for real estate development and management was 206 thousand, that for property management 234 thousand and that for real estate intermediary services 206 thousand, up by 55.6 percent, 122.8 percent and 212.7 percent respectively as compared with those at the end of 2013.

 

At the end of 2018, there were 12.635 million persons employed by the corporate enterprises in real estate, up by 44.0 percent as compared with that at the end of 2013. Of this total, the number of persons employed in real estate development and management enterprises was 3.715 million, that in property management 6.369 million, and that in real estate intermediary services 1.583 million, up by 10.9 percent, 54.8 percent and 103.9 percent respectively over the end of 2013. (Table 4-15)

 

Table 4-15 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Real Estate

 by Group

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

74.2

1263.5

Real Estate Development and Management

20.6

371.5

Property Management

23.4

636.9

Real Estate Intermediary Services

20.6

158.3

Real Estate Leasing and Management

8.2

85.9

Others

1.4

10.9

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of the corporate enterprises engaged in real estate sector reached 115,948.75 billion yuan, an increase of 120.5 percent as compared with that at the end of 2013. Of the total, the assets of enterprises for real estate development and management were 100,594.74 billion yuan, that of property management 3,066.67 billion yuan, and that of real estate intermediary services 1,330.52 billion yuan, up by 112.0 percent, 124.4 percent and 142.4 percent respectively as compared with that at the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 88,948.92 billion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 14,369.60 billion yuan. (Table 4-16)

 

Table 4-16 Main Economic Indicators of Corporate Enterprises in Real Estate

by Group

 

 

Total Assets

100 million yuan

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

1159487.5

889489.2

143696.0

Real Estate Development and Management

1005947.4

787264.7

125718.4

Property Management

30666.7

21627.7

9066.1

Real Estate Intermediary Services

13305.2

9756.8

3277.6

Real Estate Leasing and Management

92173.9

58328.6

4997.6

Others

17394.3

12511.4

636.3

 

VII. Leasing and Business Services

 

1. Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed

 

At the end of 2018, there were 2.506 million corporate enterprises engaged in leasing and business services with total employment of 22.368 million people, up by 207.5 percent and 84.0 percent respectively as compared with those at the end of 2013.

 

Of the total number of corporate enterprises in leasing and business services, leasing accounted for 8.9 percent and business services accounted for 91.1 percent. Of the total number of persons employed, 6.3 percent worked in leasing and 93.7 percent in business services. (Table 4-17)

 

Table 4-17 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Leasing and

Business Services by Division

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

250.6

2236.8

Leasing

22.4

140.3

Business Services

228.2

2096.5

Of the total number of corporate enterprises engaged in leasing and business services, the proportion of domestic funded enterprises was 99.0 percent, enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 0.6 percent and foreign funded enterprises 0.4 percent.

 

Of the total number of persons employed, the proportion of those in domestic funded enterprises was 97.2 percent, that in enterprises funded by investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan 1.2 percent and that in foreign funded enterprises 1.5 percent. (Table 4-18)

 

Table 4-18 Number of Corporate Enterprises and Persons Employed in Leasing and

Business Services by Status of Registration

 

 

Corporate Enterprises

(10,000)

Persons Employed

(10,000)

Total

250.6

2236.8

Domestic Funded Enterprises

248.2

2174.9

  State-owned Enterprises

1.0

69.6

  Collective-owned Enterprises

17.0

69.1

  Shareholding Cooperative Enterprises

0.2

3.5

  Joint Ownership Enterprises

0.1

1.4

  Limited Liability Corporations

34.3

524.7

  Shareholding Corporations Limited

2.1

43.5

  Private Enterprises

187.4

1429.0

  Other Enterprises

6.1

34.2

Enterprises Funded by Investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

1.5

27.4

Foreign Funded Enterprises

0.9

34.6

2. Main Economic Indicators

 

At the end of 2018, the total assets of the corporate enterprises engaged in leasing and business services reached 110,825.31 billion yuan, up by 105.4 percent as compared with that at the end of 2013. Of the total, the assets of enterprises for leasing were 1,532.01 billion yuan, and that of enterprises for business services were 109,293.29 billion yuan, up by 102.3 percent and 105.4 percent respectively as compared with that at the end of 2013. The total liabilities were 58,426.55 billion yuan. The business revenue of the year reached 8,540.49 billion yuan. (Table 4-19)

 

Table 4-19 Main Economic Indicators of Corporate Enterprises in Leasing and

 Business Services by Division

 

 

Total Assets

100 million yuan

Total Liabilities

100 million yuan

Business Revenue

100 million yuan

Total

1108253.1

584265.5

85404.9

Leasing

15320.1

9764.2

4915.6

Business Services

1092932.9

574501.3

80489.3

 

Note:

 

[1] Corporate enterprises in the Communiqué include the legal entities registered as enterprises, as well as institutions, private non-enterprise legal entities and foundations that follow the Accounting System for Business Enterprises, specialized farmer cooperatives, rural collective economic organizations and legal entities that are categorized as other organizations excluding places for religious activities.

 

[2] No mechanical adjustment is made for the round-off errors in aggregate totals or part of the calculations in the tables.

 

(In case of any difference between English translation and the original Chinese text, the Chinese edition shall prevail.)

 

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