Industrial Profits Increased in the First Nine Months of 2018
National Bureau of Statistics of China2018-10-29 16:28




In the first nine months of 2018, the profits made by industrial enterprises above the designated size achieved 4,971.34 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.7 percent (calculated on comparable basis, taking into account factors such as the standard adjustment according to the statistical system, the enhancement of statistical law enforcement, the elimination of data, and the enterprise reform and divestiture,  see Annotations II for details), and the growth rate decreased by 1.5 percentage points from the first eight months.

 

In the first nine months, the profits of state-holding industrial enterprises above the designated size gained 1,529.43 billion yuan, an increase of 23.3 percent year-on-year; that of collective-owned enterprises reached 14.59 billion yuan, an increase of 4.8 percent; that of joint-stock enterprises stood at 3508.88 billion yuan, up by 19.1 percent; that of foreign funded enterprises, and enterprises funded from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan achieved 1,235.28 billion yuan, increased by 5.7 percent; and that of private enterprises gained 1,259.15 billion yuan, an increase of 9.3 percent.

 

In the first nine months, the profits of mining and quarrying reached 429.56 billion yuan, an increase of 50.0 percent year-on-year; that of manufacturing was 4,208.3 billion yuan, an increase of 12.5 percent; that of production and distribution of electricity, heat, gas and water reached 333.48 billion yuan, up by 8.8 percent.

 

In the first nine months, within 41 branches of industrial divisions, the industrial profits of 34 industrial divisions increased year-on-year, and that of 7 decreased. In view of the profit growth of major industries, the profits of mining and washing of coal increased by 14.5 percent year-on-year, that of extraction of petroleum and natural gas increased by 4.0 times, that of processing of food from agricultural products increased by 2.3 percent, that of manufacture of textile up by 2.7 percent, that of processing of petroleum, coal and other fuels increased by 30.8 percent, that of manufacture of chemical raw material and chemical products increased by 24.5 percent, that of manufacture of non-metallic mineral products increased by 44.9 percent, that of manufacture and processing of ferrous metals increased by 71.1 percent, that of manufacture of general-purpose machinery up by 8.5 percent, that of manufacture of special-purpose machinery up by 21.3 percent, that of manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment increased by 2.7 percent, that of manufacture of computer, communication equipment and other electronic equipment increased by 2.3 percent, that of production and supply of electric power and heat power up by 9.2 percent, that of manufacture and processing of non-ferrous metals decreased by 16.5 percent , that of manufacture of motor vehicles decreased by 3.8 percent.

 

In the first nine months, the revenue from principal activities of industrial enterprises above the designated size reached 77.1 trillion yuan, increased by 9.4 percent year-on-year. The costs of principal activities were 65.0 trillion yuan, up by 9.1 percent. The profit rate of revenue from principal activities was 6.44 percent, an increase of 0.29 percentage point year-on-year.

 

By the end of September, the total assets of industrial enterprises above the designated size was 111.4 trillion yuan, increased by 7.0 percent year-on-year; the total liabilities reached 63.1 trillion yuan, increased by 6.1 percent; the total owners' equity was 48.3 trillion yuan, increased by 8.2 percent. The asset-liability ratio was 56.7 percent, a decrease of 0.4 percentage point year-on-year.

 

By the end of September, the total volume of receivable accounts for industrial enterprises above designated hit 14.2 trillion yuan, went up by 10.8 percent year-on-year. The total value of finished products for industrial enterprises accounted for 4,266.47 billion yuan, increased by 9.4 percent.

 

In the first nine months, the costs for per-hundred-yuan turnover of principal activities stood at 84.31 yuan, a decrease of 0.29 yuan year-on-year; the expenses for per-hundred-yuan turnover of principal activities stood at 8.29 yuan, a decrease of 0.02 yuan; the revenue from principal activities brought by per hundred yuan assets was 94.7 yuan, an increase of 1.9 yuan; the revenue from principal activities per capita was 1,287 thousand yuan, an increase of 147.0 thousand yuan; the turnover days of finished goods were 16.9 days, unchanged from the previous year; the days sales outstanding hit an average of 46.9 days, an increase of 0.3 day.

 

In September, the profits made by industrial enterprises above the designated size achieved 545.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.1 percent, and the growth rate decreased by 5.1 percentage points from August.

 

 

 

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in the First Nine Months of 2018

 

Table I

Indicators

 

 

Total Profits

Operating Income

Of which: Revenue from

Principal Activities

Jan-Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan-Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan-Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

790324.6

9.6

771478.8

9.4

49713.4

14.7

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

34688.0

7.3

32866.4

7.8

4295.6

50.0

Manufacturing

702321.8

9.5

686054.1

9.4

42083.0

12.5

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

53314.8

11.2

52558.3

11.3

3334.8

8.8

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

209745.3

10.0

202097.3

10.2

15294.3

23.3

Of which: Collective-owned Enterprises

2582.3

3.3

2526.5

3.8

145.9

4.8

        Joint-Stock Enterprises

564438.2

10.5

550380.4

10.4

35088.8

19.1

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

181660.9

6.9

177561.7

6.7

12352.8

5.7

Of which: Private Enterprises

244877.9

9.5

241079.9

9.2

12591.5

9.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : Due to the overlap of economic type grouping, the total is not equal to the total of sub-items.

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in the First Nine Months of 2018

 

Continued from Table I

 

Indicators

 

 

 

Operating Costs

Of which: Costs of Principal Activities

 

Jan- Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan- Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

666972.7

9.2

650416.3

9.1

 

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

25076.9

1.9

23406.1

2.5

 

Manufacturing

594420.1

9.3

580025.8

9.2

 

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

47475.7

11.2

46984.4

11.4

 

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

169867.4

9.0

163045.5

9.2

 

Of which: Collective-owned Enterprises

2061.7

1.5

2015.8

1.7

 

        Joint-Stock Enterprises

475191.4

9.9

462620.7

9.8

 

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

153060.0

7.1

149674.4

6.9

 

Of which: Private Enterprises

213819.2

9.5

210329.5

9.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : Due to the overlap of economic type grouping, the total is not equal to the total of sub-items.

 

Quality Performance Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in the First Nine Months of 2018

 

 

Table II

Indicators

Profit Rate of Revenue from Principal Activities

Costs for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities

Expenses for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities

Revenue from Principal Activities Brought by per Hundred yuan Assets

Revenue from Principal Activities per Capita

Asset-Liability Ratio

Turnover Days of Finished Goods

Days Sales Outstanding

(%)

(yuan)

(yuan)

(yuan)

10 thousand yuan/ person

(%)

(days)

(days)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

6.44

84.31

8.29

94.7

128.7

56.7

16.9

46.9

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

13.07

71.22

11.74

46.8

84.9

58.7

14.6

36.2

Manufacturing

6.13

84.55

8.32

110.7

128.0

55.7

18.3

48.7

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

6.34

89.39

5.72

42.3

211.0

60.5

0.6

30.5

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

7.57

80.68

8.02

63.1

188.6

59.0

15.4

40.1

Of which: Collective-owned Enterprises

5.77

79.79

14.96

76.1

99.4

65.1

41.9

43.4

        Joint-Stock Enterprises

6.38

84.05

8.36

92.8

128.1

57.7

17.3

43.7

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

6.96

84.29

8.74

108.9

124.3

54.2

17.6

62.9

Of which: Private Enterprises

5.22

87.24

7.28

141.2

112.2

56.1

15.5

38.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                   

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises above the

Designated Size in the First Nine Months of 2018 (Group by Industries)

 

Table III

Indicators

 

 

Total Profits

Operating Income

Of which: Revenue from

Principal Activities

Jan- Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan- Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan- Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

790324.6

9.6

771478.8

9.4

49713.4

14.7

Mining and Washing of Coal

19371.7

4.7

17857.5

5.8

2327.5

14.5

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

6241.5

23.7

6074.5

22.8

1353.7

400.6

Mining of Ferrous Metal Ores

2502.3

-1.6

2450.0

-2.1

78.6

-17.0

Mining of Non-Ferrous Metal Ores

2771.0

3.1

2730.7

3.2

326.9

12.6

Mining And Processing of Nonmetal Ores

2625.9

6.3

2605.4

6.2

187.2

5.9

Mining Support Service Activities

1151.9

8.4

1124.6

7.5

20.8

(注)

Mining of Other Ores N.E.C

23.7

1.7

23.7

1.7

0.9

-18.2

Processing of Food From Agricultural Products

36639.5

4.6

36343.7

4.5

1444.9

2.3

Manufacture of Foods

13963.5

7.1

13734.6

7.0

1085.8

6.8

Manufacture of Wines, Beverage and Refined Tea

11982.3

8.5

11807.2

8.5

1547.2

17.1

Manufacture of Cigarettes And Tobacco

8238.0

10.3

7352.3

8.8

829.6

6.7

Manufacture of Textile

22792.5

2.1

22352.7

1.8

925.8

2.7

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel And Ornament

13028.3

3.7

12814.5

3.5

697.1

8.0

Manufacture of  Leather, Fur, Feather Aad Its Products

9010.5

4.3

8980.7

4.3

506.5

5.2

Processing of Timbers, Manufacture of  Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm, and Straw Products

7469.1

4.7

7439.8

4.7

369.8

-1.4

Manufacture of Furniture

5477.3

6.5

5430.1

6.4

304.8

4.0

Manufacture of  Paper and Paper Products

10779.8

10.3

10577.6

10.0

590.6

1.5

Printing, Reproduction of Recording Media

5103.7

6.0

5042.9

5.8

306.4

4.6

Manufacture of  Articles for Culture, Education, Artwork, Sport and Entertainment Activity

10538.2

5.1

10470.1

5.1

509.7

1.6

Processing of Petroleum, Coking, Processing of Nucleus Fuel

35588.8

21.7

34451.6

21.1

2019.0

30.8

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material  and Chemical Products

56479.8

11.3

55232.7

11.3

4076.2

24.5

Manufacture of Medicines

18393.8

13.5

18203.7

13.6

2305.9

11.5

Manufacture of Chemical Fibres

6215.1

15.1

5909.3

14.4

285.0

22.3

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

19401.3

4.8

19100.4

4.9

932.6

0.8

Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products

37338.6

14.6

37001.2

14.4

3101.2

44.9

Manufacture and Processing of Ferrous Metals

49650.8

15.6

47326.8

15.6

3131.6

71.1

Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

38351.0

8.7

36865.2

8.8

887.7

-16.5

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

26343.8

9.3

25879.7

9.1

1133.5

4.6

Manufacture of General-Purpose Machinery

30054.2

8.5

29624.4

8.5

1901.5

8.5

Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

22992.2

11.4

22394.4

11.9

1524.8

21.3

Manufacture of Motor Vehicles

61818.5

7.5

59881.3

7.2

4517.6

-3.8

Manufacture of Railway Locomotives, Building of Ships and Boats, Manufacture of Air and Spacecrafts and Other Transportation Equipments

8575.0

1.3

8448.7

2.0

445.9

-2.2

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

47928.2

7.6

46545.8

7.5

2577.9

2.7

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

77151.5

9.6

75954.6

9.3

3333.0

2.3

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Meter

6005.5

9.3

5921.1

9.1

534.0

8.2

Other Manufacturing

1291.5

8.2

1280.7

7.9

66.3

2.3

Waste Recycling and Recovery

2948.6

20.5

2924.8

20.3

144.0

28.7

Repair of  Fabricated Metal Products, Machinery and Equipment

770.6

6.5

761.6

6.4

47.2

40.1

Production and Supply of Electric Power and Heat Power

46270.9

10.4

45756.0

10.5

2718.5

9.2

Production and Distribution of Gas

5148.2

19.8

5021.6

20.1

431.5

13.1

Production and Distribution of Water

1895.8

9.2

1780.7

8.9

184.8

-4.9

 

           

Note : Mining and Support Service Activities had a loss of 0.22 billion yuan in the same period of last year.

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises above the Designated Size in the First Nine Months of 2018 (Group by Industries)

 

 

 

Continued from Table III

 

Indicators

 

 

Operating Costs

Of which: Costs of Principal Activities

Jan-Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan- Sep (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

Total

666972.7

9.2

650416.3

9.1

Mining and Washing of Coal

13917.6

3.2

12529.2

4.9

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

3711.5

-2.6

3545.9

-3.3

Mining of Ferrous Metal Ores

2091.8

-3.7

2040.5

-4.4

Mining of Non-Ferrous Metal Ores

2137.7

1.6

2108.7

1.7

Mining And Processing of Nonmetal Ores

2106.2

5.7

2092.1

5.7

Mining Support Service Activities

1092.1

5.8

1069.6

4.8

Mining of Other Ores N.E.C

20.1

11.0

20.1

11.0

Processing of Food From Agricultural Products

33113.4

4.9

32871.8

4.7

Manufacture of Foods

11087.6

6.9

10873.7

6.9

Manufacture of Wines, Beverage and Refined Tea

8364.9

6.0

8225.1

5.9

Manufacture of Cigarettes And Tobacco

2905.5

11.9

2052.7

7.8

Manufacture of Textile

20520.7

2.0

20142.2

1.5

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel And Ornament

11166.9

3.8

10992.1

3.7

Manufacture of  Leather, Fur, Feather Aad Its Products

7850.5

4.6

7829.6

4.6

Processing of Timbers, Manufacture of  Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm, and Straw Products

6615.3

5.2

6592.8

5.1

Manufacture of Furniture

4634.5

6.4

4604.1

6.3

Manufacture of  Paper and Paper Products

9330.6

11.3

9162.4

11.0

Printing, Reproduction of Recording Media

4329.2

6.1

4287.6

5.9

Manufacture of  Articles for Culture, Education, Artwork, Sport and Entertainment Activity

9240.5

5.4

9187.7

5.4

Processing of Petroleum, Coking, Processing of Nucleus Fuel

28727.3

23.8

27673.5

23.3

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material  and Chemical Products

47307.1

10.4

46201.5

10.4

Manufacture of Medicines

11029.5

7.4

10917.7

7.6

Manufacture of Chemical Fibres

5612.5

15.3

5325.5

14.2

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

16801.1

4.9

16534.0

4.8

Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products

30993.6

12.8

30724.3

12.6

Manufacture and Processing of Ferrous Metals

44074.3

13.1

41957.7

13.0

Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

35993.9

9.4

34599.6

9.7

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

23262.4

9.9

22870.7

9.8

Manufacture of General-Purpose Machinery

25168.5

8.6

24820.3

8.5

Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

18897.6

10.9

18328.9

11.3

Manufacture of Motor Vehicles

52044.0

8.4

50417.8

8.1

Manufacture of Railway Locomotives, Building of Ships and Boats, Manufacture of Air and Spacecrafts and Other Transportation Equipments

7309.2

2.1

7211.1

2.5

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

40746.5

7.8

39512.1

7.6

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

68089.7

10.1

67003.3

9.8

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Meter

4742.9

9.1

4685.4

8.8

Other Manufacturing

1107.2

8.4

1099.0

8.1

Waste Recycling and Recovery

2698.5

21.5

2675.2

21.2

Repair of  Fabricated Metal Products, Machinery and Equipment

654.8

5.7

646.7

5.7

Production and Supply of Electric Power and Heat Power

41685.6

10.4

41330.0

10.5

Production and Distribution of Gas

4407.5

21.2

4334.7

21.4

Production and Distribution of Water

1382.6

8.9

1319.7

8.7

 

 

 

 

 

           

 

Annotations:

 

I. Explanatory Notes:

 

1. Total Profits: refer to the surplus of various revenue deducting various costs in the production process of  enterprises, reflecting the total profit and loss in the report period.

 

2. Operating income: refers to the total amount of revenue of enterprises recognized by the principal business and other business operations.

 

3. Revenue from Principal Activities: refers to the total amount of revenue of enterprises gained from the principal business operation.

 

4. Operating costs: refers to the total costs of enterprises incurred by the principal business and other business operations.

 

5. Costs of Principal Activities: refers to the total costs of enterprises incurred by the principal business operation.

 

6. Total Assets: refers to the resources which are gotten from past transactions or events, owned or controlled by enterprises, and expected to bring economic benefits to the enterprises.

 

7. Total Liabilities: refers to the current obligation generated from past transactions or events, and expected an outflow of economic benefits from the enterprises.

 

8. Total Owners' Equity: refers to the residual interests after deducting liabilities, which belongs to the enterprises owners.

 

9. Accounts Receivable: refers to the creditor's rights due to the sale of goods, services, and other business activities, including the payment for goods, value-added tax, prepay freight and miscellaneous charges, to be collected from the customers.

 

10. Finished Goods: refers to manufactured products which are ready for sale by the end of report period.

 

11. Profit Rate of Revenue from Principal Activities = total profits / revenue from principal activities × 100%, unit: %.

 

12. Costs for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = the costs of revenue from principal activities / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

13. Expenses for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = (selling expenses + administrative expenses + financial expenses) / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

14. Revenue from Principal Activities  Brought by per Hundred yuan Assets =  the revenue from principal activities / average assets / the cumulative number of months × 12 × 100, unit: yuan.

 

15. Revenue from Principal Activities per Capita = revenue from principal activities / average number of employment / the cumulative number of months × 12, unit: 10 thousand yuan/ person.

 

16. Asset-Liability Ratio = total liabilities / total assets × 100%, unit: %.

 

17. Turnover Days of Finished Goods = 360 × average finished goods / costs of principal activities × the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

18. Days Sales Outstanding (the number of days on average a company takes to collect its accounts receivable) = 360 ×average accounts receivable / revenue from principal activities ×the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

19. In the columns of increase rate year-on-year of the three tables above, the “note” refers to negative total profits in the same period last year, which means loss; the positive value refers to a year-on-year increase of profits; the negative value which is greater than or equal to -100% refers to a year-on-year decrease of profits; the value less than -100% indicates turning gain in the same period last year into loss in current period; and the value of 0 indicates that the profits remain at the same level year-on-year.

 

II. The growth rates of the total profits and revenue from principal activities of industrial enterprises above designated size are calculated on a comparable basis. There are incomparable factors between the data in the reporting period and the same indicator data published in the previous year, which cannot be directly compared to calculate the growth rate. The main reasons are: (1) According to the statistical system, the survay coverage of industrial enterprises above designated size is adjusted regularly every year. Each year, some companies will be included in the survey after having reached designated size, and some will exit the survey due to their smaller size, and there are also influence of new built and starting enterprises, bankruptcies, and companies that have been suspended or sold. (2) By strengthening the statistical law enforcement, the enterprises found in the statistical law enforcement inspection that do not meet the industrial statistics requirements above designated size have been cleared, and relevant bases have been revised in accordance with regulations. (3) Strengthen data quality management and eliminate the cross-regional and cross-industry repeated calculation. According to the latest investigation of the organizational structure carried out by the National Bureau of Statistics, since the fourth quarter of last year, the cross-regional and cross-industry repeated calculation of enterprise groups (companies) has been eliminated. (4) After the implementation of the “reform of replacing business tax with value-added tax” policy, the service industry enterprises turned to pay value-added tax of which the tax rate was lower. The industrial enterprises have gradually divested their internal non-industrial production and operation activities, and turned to the service industry, which had diminished the financial data of industrial enterprises.

 

III. Statistical Coverage

 

Industrial enterprises above the designated size, which refer to industrial enterprises with revenue from principal activities over 20 million yuan.

 

IV. Data Collection

 

The Financial Report of Enterprises Above the Designated Size conducts complete survey by month (the data on January are not required to report).

 

V. Industrial Classification Standard

 

The Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities (GB/T4754-2017) was implemented, please refer to http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz.

 

 

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