National Real Estate Development and Sales in the First four months of 2018
National Bureau of Statistics of China2018-05-16 16:34




1. The completion of real estate investment

 

The total investment in real estate development in the first four months of 2018 was 3,059.2 billion yuan, a nominal increase of 10.3 percent year-on-year, the growth rate decreased 0.1 percentage point over the first three months of 2018. Of which, the investment in residential buildings was 2,133.1 billion yuan, up by 14.2 percent, 0.9 percentage points higher, accounted for 69.7 percent of real estate development investment.

 

 

 

In the first four months, the real estate investment in eastern region stood at 1,718.1 billion yuan, up by 11.3 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate was down  by 0.5 percentage points over the first three months in 2018; the central region stood at 660.4 billion yuan, went up by 14.8 percent, and the growth rate decreased 0.2 percentage points ; western region stood at 598.0 billion yuan, up by 3.2 percent, up by 0.3 percentage points; northeastern region reached 82.7 billion yuan, increased 10.7 percent, up by 9.4 percentage points percent.

 

In the first four months, the floor space under construction by the real estate development enterprises accounted for 6,644.10 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 1.6 percent, increased 0.1 percentage point over the first three months in 2018. Of which, the floor space of residential building construction area was 4,545.89 million square meters, up by 2.0 percent. The floor space started this year was 517.79 millions square meters, up by 7.3 percent, and the growth rate was down by 2.4 percentage points. The floor space of residential buildings started in the year amounted to 380.79 million square meters, up by 9.4 percent. The floor space of buildings completed stood at 251.51 million square meters, went down by 10.7 percent, and the pace of decline rate expanded 0.6 percentage points. Of which, the floor space completed of residential buildings stood at 173.38 million square meters, went down by 13.8 percent.

 

In the first four months, the land area purchased by the real estate development enterprises totaled 54.12 million square meters, was down by 2.1 percent year-on-year, that of the first three months in 2018 was an increase of 0.5 percent. The total transaction of land reached 239.1 billion yuan, increased 13.6 percent, and the pace of growth rate went down by 6.7 percentage points.

 

 

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

In the first four months, the floor space of commercial buildings sold stood at 421.92 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 1.3 percent, and was down by 2.3 percentage points over the first three months in 2018. Of the total, the floor space of residential buildings increased 0.4 percent, office building decreased 4.3 percent, and buildings for business use increased 7.0 percent. The sales of commercial buildings amounted to 3,622.2 billion yuan, an increase of 9.0 percent, the rate of growth went down by 1.4 percentage points. Specifically, the sales of residential buildings went up by 9.5 percent, office buildings was down by 3.2 percent, buildings for commercial business increased 7.5 percent.

 

 

 

In the first four months, the sale of floor space of commercial buildings in eastern region amounted to 174.42 million square meters, decreased 9.4 percent year-on-year, the pace of decline rate expanded 2.1 percentage points over the first three months in 2018. The amount of sales stood at 1,983.0 billion yuan, down by 1.5 percent, the pace of decline rate expanded 0.6 percentage points over the first three months in 2018. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in central region amounted to 115.56 million square meters, increased 13.1 percent, and the pace of increase went down by 1.5 percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 755.0 billion yuan, increased 26.0 percent, and the pace of increase narrowed by 2.2 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in western region amounted to 115.96 million square meters, increased 9.3 percent year-on-year down by 2.7 percentage points over the first three months in 2018.The amount of sales stood at 765.2 billion yuan, went up by 25.0 percent, the growth rate went down by 4 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in northeastern region amounted to 15.98 million square meters, rose by 2.1 percent, the growth rate went down 6.4 percentage points over the last nine months of 2018. The amount of sales stood at 119.1 billion yuan, went up by 20.5 percent, the growth rate went down by 6.1 percentage points.

 

At the end of April, the floor space of commercial housing for sale reached 566.87 million square meters, decreased 6.42 million square meters compared with that at the end of March in 2018. Of which, the residential buildings for sale decreased 6.45 million square meters, office buildings decreased 0.24 million square meters, buildings for business use went up by 0.75 million square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

In the first four months, the sources of funds for real estate development enterprises reached 4,819.2 billion yuan, up by 2.1 percent year-on-year, narrowed 1 percentage points over the first three months in 2018. Specifically, the domestic loans stood at 863.7 billion yuan, decreased 1.6 percent, foreign investment stood at 1.7 billion yuan, an decrease of 77.6 percent, self-raising funds stood at 1,489.4 billion yuan, up by 4.8 percent, deposits and advance payments totaled 1,498.7 billion yuan, increased 8.3 percent, personal mortgage loans totaled 714.8 billion yuan, down by 6.7 percent.

 

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In April, the national real estate climate index (the value released from this year was after revised by the based period) was 101.37, down by 0.13 month-on-month.

 

 

 

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for January-April

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

 

 

 

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

30592

10.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

21331

14.2

      Office Buildings

1646

-5.1

      Buildings for Commercial Business

3893

-7.8

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

664410

1.6

  Of which: Residential Buildings

454589

2.0

      Office Buildings

31271

-0.3

      Buildings for Commercial Business

88252

-3.3

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

51779

7.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

38079

9.4

      Office Buildings

1522

-11.0

      Buildings for Commercial Business

5147

-9.3

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

25151

-10.7

  Of which: Residential Buildings

17338

-13.8

      Office Buildings

1102

-1.4

      Buildings for Commercial Business

3252

-10.3

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

5412

-2.1

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

2391

13.6

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

42192

1.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

36667

0.4

      Office Buildings

1079

-4.3

      Buildings for Business Use

2828

7.0

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

36222

9.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

30614

9.5

      Office Buildings

1599

-3.2

      Buildings for Commercial Business

3097

7.5

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

56687

-16.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

28522

-24.5

      Office Buildings

3613

-3.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

14715

-8.1

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

48192

2.1

  Of which: Domestic Loans

8637

-1.6

      Foreign Investment

17

-77.6

      Self-raising Funds

14894

4.8

      Deposits and Advance Payments

14987

8.3

      Personal Mortgage

7148

-6.7

 

 

 

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-April

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

30592

21331

10.3

14.2

Eastern

17181

11945

11.3

14.5

Central

6604

4812

14.8

20.2

Western

5980

3992

3.2

7.8

Northeastern

827

582

10.7

9.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-April

 

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(1000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

42192

1.3

36222

9.0

Eastern

17442

-9.4

19830

-1.5

Central

11556

13.1

7550

26.0

Western

11596

9.3

7652

25.0

Northeastern

1598

2.1

1191

20.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-story buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation can not be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally handed over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc.. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

The national real estate climate index follows the theory of economic cycle fluctuation, based on the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, using time series, multivariate statistics, econometric analysis, taking real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selecting related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, excluding the impact of seasonal factors, including random factors, compiled by adopting the growth rate cycles method. The historical data will be revised monthly according to the newly added data. National real estate index selected year 2012 as the base year, and its growth rate was set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on eastern, central, western and northeastern regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.

 

 
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