National Real Estate Development and Sales in 2017
National Bureau of Statistics of China2018-01-25 10:57




1. The completion of real estate investment

 

The total investment in real estate development in 2017 was 10,979.9 billion yuan, a nominal increase of 7.0 percent year-on-year, the growth rate decreased 0.5 percentage points over the first eleven months of 2017. Of which, the investment in residential buildings was 7,514.8 billion yuan, up by 9.4 percent, 0.3 percentage points lower, accounted for 68.4 percent of real estate development investment.

 

 

 

In the year 2017, the real estate investment in eastern region stood at 5,802.3 billion yuan, up by 7.2 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate was down by 0.2 percentage points over the first eleven months in 2017; the central region stood at 2,388.4 billion yuan, went up by 11.6 percent, and the growth rate decreased 0.8 percentage points ; western region stood at 2,387.7 billion yuan, up by 3.5 percent, down by 0.8 percentage points; northeastern region reached 401.5 billion yuan, increased 1.0 percent, and the growth rate was down by 0.4 percent in 2017.

 

In 2017, the floor space under construction by the real estate development enterprises accounted for 7,814.84 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 3.0 percent, a decrease of 0.1 percentage points over the first eleven months in 2017. Of which, the floor space of residential building construction area was 5,364.44 million square meters, up by 2.9 percent. The floor space started this year was 1,786.54 millions square meters, up by 7.0 percent, and the growth rate was up by 0.1 percentage points. The floor space of residential buildings started in the year amounted to 1,280.98 million square meters, up by 10.5 percent. The floor space of buildings completed stood at 1,014.86 million square meters, down by 4.4 percent, and the rate of decrease expanded 3.4 percentage points in 2017. Of which, the floor space completed of residential buildings stood at 718.15 million square meters, down by 7.0 percent.

 

In the year 2017, the land area purchased by the real estate development enterprises totaled 255.08 million square meters, was up by 15.8 percent year-on-year, and the growth rate was down by 0.5 percentage points over the first eleven months in 2017. The total transaction of land reached 1,364.3 billion yuan, increased 49.4 percent, and the pace of growth rate went up 2.4 percentage points.

 

 

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

In 2017, the floor space of commercial buildings sold stood at 1,694.08 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 7.7 percent, and was down by 0.2 percentage points over the first eleven months in 2017. Of the total, the floor space of residential buildings increased 5.3 percent, office building increased 24.3 percent, and buildings for business use increased 18.7 percent. The sales of commercial buildings amounted to 13,370.1 billion yuan, an increase of 13.7 percent, the rate of growth went up by 1 percentage point. Specifically, the sales of residential buildings went up by 11.3 percent, office buildings was up by 17.5 percent, buildings for commercial business increased 25.3 percent.

 

 

 

In 2017, the sale of floor space of commercial buildings in eastern region amounted to 711.99 million square meters, the growth rate increased 2.9 percent year-on-year, the growth pace was down by 0.3 percentage points over the first eleven months in 2017. The amount of sales stood at 7,443.9 billion yuan, went up by 6.2 percent, the rate of growth expanded 0.9 percentage point. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in central region amounted to 474.60 million square meters, increased 12.8 percent, and the pace of increase went up by 0.3 percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 2,866.5 billion yuan, increased 24.1 percent, and the pace of increase went up by 1.6 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in western region amounted to 424.59 million square meters, increased 10.7 percent year-on-year, down by 0.9 percentage points over the first eleven months in 2017. The amount of sales stood at 2,523.1 billion yuan, went up by 25.9 percent, the growth rate went up by 0.3 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in northeastern region amounted to 82.89 million square meters, rose by 7.0 percent, the growth rate went down 0.4 percentage points over the last eleven months of 2017. The amount of sales stood at 536.7 billion yuan, went up by 21.8 percent, the growth rate went down by 0.3 percentage points.

 

At the end of the year 2017, the floor space of commercial housing for sale reached 589.23 million square meters, decreased 6.83 million square meters compared with that at the end of November in 2017. Of which, the residential buildings for sale decreased 6.70 million square meters, office buildings decreased 1.18 million square meters, buildings for business use went down by 2.15 million square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

In the year 2017, the sources of funds for real estate development enterprises reached 15,605.3 billion yuan, up by 8.2 percent year-on-year, expanded 0.5 percentage points over the first eleven months in 2017. Specifically, the domestic loans stood at 2,524.2 billion yuan, increased 17.3 percent, foreign investment stood at 16.8 billion yuan, an increase of 19.8 percent, self-raising funds stood at 5,087.2 billion yuan, up by 3.5 percent, and other sources stood at 7,977.0 billion yuan, up by 8.6 percent. Among the other sources of funds, deposits and advance payments totaled 4,869.4 billion yuan, increased 16.1 percent, personal mortgage loans totaled 2,390.6 billion yuan, down by 2.0 percent.

 

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In December, the national real estate climate index (the value released from this year was after revised by the based period) was 101.72, up by 0.09 month-on-month.

 

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for January-December

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

 

 

 

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

109799

7.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

75148

9.4

      Office Buildings

6761

3.5

      Buildings for Commercial Business

15640

-1.2

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

781484

3.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

536444

2.9

      Office Buildings

36015

2.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

105232

0.6

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

178654

7.0

  Of which: Residential Buildings

128098

10.5

      Office Buildings

6140

-4.3

      Buildings for Commercial Business

20484

-8.2

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

101486

-4.4

  Of which: Residential Buildings

71815

-7.0

      Office Buildings

4007

10.4

      Buildings for Commercial Business

12670

1.2

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

25508

15.8

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

13643

49.4

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

169408

7.7

  Of which: Residential Buildings

144789

5.3

      Office Buildings

4756

24.3

      Buildings for Business Use

12838

18.7

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

133701

13.7

  Of which: Residential Buildings

110240

11.3

      Office Buildings

6441

17.5

      Buildings for Commercial Business

13253

25.3

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

58923

-15.3

  Of which: Residential Buildings

30163

-25.1

      Office Buildings

3664

0.9

      Buildings for Commercial Business

15204

-4.0

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

156053

8.2

  Of which: Domestic Loans

25242

17.3

      Foreign Investment

168

19.8

      Self-raising Funds

50872

3.5

      Other Sources of Funds

79770

8.6

      Deposits and Advance Payments

48694

16.1

      Personal Mortgage

23906

-2.0

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-November

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

109799

75148

7.0

9.4

Eastern

58023

39770

7.2

9.3

Central

23884

17006

11.6

14.1

Western

23877

15510

3.5

6.2

Northeastern

4015

2862

1.0

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for January-November

  

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(1000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

169408

7.7

133701

13.7

Eastern

71199

2.9

74439

6.2

Central

47460

12.8

28665

24.1

Western

42459

10.7

25231

25.9

Northeastern

8289

7.0

5367

21.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-story buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation can not be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally handed over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc.. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

The national real estate climate index follows the theory of economic cycle fluctuation, based on the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, using time series, multivariate statistics, econometric analysis, taking real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selecting related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, excluding the impact of seasonal factors, including random factors, compiled by adopting the growth rate cycles method. The historical data will be revised monthly according to the newly added data. National real estate index selected year 2012 as the base year, and its growth rate was set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on eastern, central, western and northeastern regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.

 

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