China's PMI Was 51.4 Percent in December
National Bureau of Statistics of China2017-01-04 13:15




Department of Service Statistics of NBS

China Federation of Logistics and Purchases (CFLP)

 

In December 2016, China's manufacturing purchasing managers index (PMI) was 51.4 percent, a decrease of 0.3 percentage points over last month, continued to stay in the expansion range, and hit this year’s second highest.

 

 

 

In view of the sizes of enterprises, the PMI of large-sized enterprises was 53.2 percent, decreased 0.2 percentage points over last month, still higher than the threshold; that of medium-sized enterprises was 49.6 percent, decreased 0.5 percentage points over last month, and dropped below the threshold; that of small-sized enterprises was 47.2 percent, decreased 0.2 percentage points, falling for two consecutive months, and continued to stay in the contraction range.

 

Among the five sub-indices composing PMI, the production index and new orders index were higher than the threshold. The supplier delivery time index was at the threshold. The employed person index and main raw materials inventory index and were lower than the threshold.

 

Production index was 53.3 percent, a decrease of 0.6 percentage points month-on-month, still higher than the threshold, indicating that manufacturing production continued an expanding trend, while the growth slowed down.

 

New orders index was 53.2 percent, remained at the same level month-on-month, and continued to be higher than the threshold, showing that the manufacturing market demand maintained fast growth.

 

Employed person index was 48.9 percent, decreased 0.3 percentage points month-on-month, lower than the threshold, indicating that the labor employment of manufacturing enterprises continued to decrease, and the pace of decline extended.

 

Main raw materials inventory index was 48.0 percent, a decrease of 0.4 percentage points over last month, and was still in the contraction range, indicating that the manufacturing main raw material inventory experienced a sustained reduction.

 

Supplier delivery time index was 50.0 percent, an increase of 0.3 percentage points over last month, and rose to the threshold, indicating that the delivery time of manufacturing raw material suppliers was unchanged compared with last month.

 

China's Manufacturing PMI (Seasonally Adjusted)

Unit: %

 

PMI

 

Production Index

New Orders Index

Main Raw Materials Inventory Index

Employed Person Index

Supplier Delivery Time Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2015-December

49.7

52.2

50.2

47.6

47.4

50.7

2016-January

49.4

51.4

49.5

46.8

47.8

50.5

February

49.0

50.2

48.6

48.0

47.6

49.8

March

50.2

52.3

51.4

48.2

48.1

51.3

April

50.1

52.2

51.0

47.4

47.8

50.1

May

50.1

52.3

50.7

47.6

48.2

50.4

June

50.0

52.5

50.5

47.0

47.9

50.7

July

49.9

52.1

50.4

47.3

48.2

50.5

August

50.4

52.6

51.3

47.6

48.4

50.6

September

50.4

52.8

50.9

47.4

48.6

49.9

October

51.2

53.3

52.8

48.1

48.8

50.2

November

51.7

53.9

53.2

48.4

49.2

49.7

December

51.4

53.3

53.2

48.0

48.9

50.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related Indicators (Seasonally Adjusted)

Unit: %

 

New Export Orders Index

Import Index

Purchase Quantity Index

Main Raw Material Purchase Price Index

Finished Goods Inventory Index

Open Orders Index

Production And Business Activities Expectation Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2015-December

47.5

47.6

50.3

42.4

46.1

43.6

44.6

2016-January

46.9

46.4

49.0

45.1

44.6

43.4

44.4

February

47.4

45.8

47.9

50.2

46.4

43.9

57.9

March

50.2

50.1

52.6

55.3

46.0

45.7

62.6

April

50.1

49.5

51.0

57.6

45.5

44.8

60.3

May

50.0

49.6

51.2

55.3

46.8

45.1

55.9

June

49.6

49.1

50.5

51.3

46.5

45.0

53.4

July

49.0

49.3

50.5

54.6

46.8

45.5

55.3

August

49.7

49.5

52.6

57.2

46.6

45.0

58.2

September

50.1

50.4

51.9

57.5

46.4

45.2

58.4

October

49.2

49.9

52.4

62.6

46.9

45.8

58.5

November

50.3

50.6

52.9

68.3

45.9

46.7

55.5

December

50.1

50.3

52.1

69.6

44.4

46.2

49.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanatory Notes

 

Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an index summarized and compiled through the results of the monthly survey of enterprises purchasing managers. It covers every links of the enterprises, including purchasing, production, logistics, and so on. It is one of the leading indices which was commonly adopted by international society to monitor the macroeconomic trends, and played an important role in forecasting and monitoring. The threshold of PMI is usually using 50 percent as the cut-off point for economic performance. If PMI above 50 percent, it reflects the manufacturing economy is expanding; if less than 50 percent, it reflects the manufacturing economy is in recession.

 

2.Statistical Coverage

 

The survey involves 31 divisions of manufacturing sector in the “Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities” (GB/T4754-2011), and 3000 samples.

 

3. Survey Methods

 

PPS (Probability Proportional to Size) sampling method was adopted in manufacturing purchasing managers’ survey. Using the divisions of the manufacturing sector as the selecting strata, the sample size of each division is proportional to its proportion of the value-added of the division to the total value-added of the manufacturing sector. Within the stratum, the samples are selected according to the probabilities proportional to their principal business revenues of the enterprises.

 

The survey was organized and conducted by staff members of survey offices, monthly through Online Reporting System of NBS by sending survey questionnaires to the purchasing managers of the selected enterprises.

 

4. Calculation Methods

 

The questionnaire of manufacturing purchasing managers survey covers 12 questions related to production, new orders, export orders, existing orders, finished goods inventory, purchase, import, purchase prices, raw materials, inventory, employees, suppliers, delivery time, production and business activities expectation and etc.. Diffusion index was calculated for each question, i.e. percentage of positive answers in number of enterprises plus half of the percentage in the same answers.

 

PMI is a composite index, which was calculated according to five diffusion indices (group indices) and their weights. 5 group indices and their weights are determined in accordance with their leading impact on the economy. Specifically, new orders index weighted 30 percent; production index weighted 25 percent; employees index weighted 20 percent; supplier delivery time index weighted 15 percent; raw materials inventory index weighted 10 percent. Of which, the supplier delivery time index is a converse index, and contrary calculation is needed when combines it into PMI.

 

5. Seasonal adjustment

 

The purchasing managers’ survey is a monthly survey, the data of the survey fluctuates very much for the influences of seasonal factors. The released PMI composite index and sub-indices are seasonally adjusted data.

 

 

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