Industrial Profits Decreased from January to August
National Bureau of Statistics of China2015-09-29 10:25




From January to August, the industrial profits of enterprises above designated size achieved 3,766.27 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 1.9 percent, and the pace of decline expanded by 0.9 percentage points over the first seven months of 2015.

 

In August, the industrial profits of enterprises above designated size achieved 448.11 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 8.8 percent, and the pace of decline expanded by 5.9 percentage points over July.

 

From January to August, the profits of state-holding industrial enterprises above designated size gained 756.42 billion yuan, decreased by 24.7 percent year-on-year; that of collective-owned enterprises reached 29.92 billion yuan, an decrease of 0.3 percent; that of joint-stock enterprises stood at 2528.26 billion yuan, down by 1.7 percent; that of foreign funded enterprises, and enterprises funded from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan achieved 931.34 billion yuan, increased by 0.7 percent; and that of private enterprises gained 1,331.94 billion yuan, an increase of 7.3 percent.

 

From January to August, the profits of mining and quarrying gained 190.15 billion yuan, decreased by 57.3 percent year-on-year; that of manufacturing was 3,216.13 billion yuan, an increase of 4.5 percent; that of production and distribution of electricity, gas and water reached 359.99 billion yuan, up by 13.1 percent.

 

From January to August, within 41 branches of industrial divisions, the industrial profits of 31 industrial divisions increased year-on-year, and that of 10 decreased. In view of the profit growth of major industries, the profits of processing of food from agricultural products increased by 11.7 percent year-on-year, that of manufacture of textile up by 7.5 percent, that of processing of petroleum, coking, processing of nucleus fuel up by 50.5 percent, that of manufacture of chemical raw material and chemical products increased 12.1 percent, that of manufacture and processing of non-ferrous metals increased by 3.5 percent, that of manufacture of general-purpose machinery increased by 0.6 percent, that of manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment increased by 12.1 percent, that of manufacture of computer, communication equipment and other electronic equipment increased by 13.9 percent, that of production and supply of electric power and heat power up by 13.8 percent, that of mining and washing of coal decreased by 64.9 percent, that of extraction of petroleum and natural gas decreased by 67.3 percent, that of manufacture of non-metallic mineral products decreased by 8.0 percent, that of manufacture and processing of ferrous metals decreased by 51.6 percent, that of manufacture of special-purpose machinery down by 3.0 percent, that of manufacture of motor vehicles decreased by 4.5 percent.

 

From January to August, the revenue from principal business of enterprises above designated reached 69,974.34 billion yuan, increased by 1.3 percent year-on-year. The main business cost was 60,267.07 billion yuan, up by 1.4 percent.

 

By the end of August, the total assets of industrial enterprises above designated size was 96,155.36 billion yuan, increased by 7.5 percent year-on-year; the total liabilities reached 54,784.79 billion yuan, increased by 5.8 percent; the total owners' equity was 41,370.57 billion yuan, increased by 10.0 percent.

 

By the end of August, the total volume of receivable accounts for industrial enterprises above designated hit 11,029.26 billion yuan, went up by 7.9 percent year-on-year. The total value of finished products for industrial enterprises accounted for 3,913.58 billion yuan, went up by 5.7 percent.

 

From January to August, the profit margin from principal business of industrial enterprises above designated size hit 5.38 percent, the cost of revenue from principal business for per hundred yuan stood at 86.13 yuan, the revenue from principal business brought by per hundred yuan assets was 112.5 yuan, the revenue from principal business per capita was 1134 thousand yuan, the turnover days of finished goods were 14.9 days, and the days sales outstanding hit an average of 36.0 days. By the end of August, the asset-liability ratio reached 57.0 percent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above Designated Size from January to August

Table I

Indicators

Revenue from

Principal Business

Total Profits

Jan-Aug (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan-Aug (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

Total

699743.4

1.3

37662.7

-1.9

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

34931.0

-15.4

1901.5

-57.3

Manufacturing

623339.1

2.5

32161.3

4.5

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Gas and Water

41473.3

0.6

3599.9

13.1

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

153133.8

-7.9

7564.2

-24.7

Of which: Collective-owned Enterprises

4560.5

-2.4

299.2

-0.3

        Joint-Stock Enterprises

486840.4

2.5

25282.6

-1.7

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

159512.3

-0.6

9313.4

0.7

Of which: Private Enterprises

242792.8

5.5

13319.4

7.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quality Performance Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above Designated Size from January to August

 

 

Table II

Indicators

Profit Margin From Principal Business

Costs of Revenue from Principal Business for per Hundred yuan

Revenue from Principal Business Brought by per Hundred yuan Assets

Revenue from Principal Business per Capita

Asset-Liability Ratio

Turnover Days of Finished Goods

Days Sales Outstanding

(%)

(yuan)

(yuan)

10 thousand yuan/ person

(%)

(days)

(days)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

5.38

86.13

112.5

113.4

57.0

14.9

36.0

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

5.44

82.37

56.4

74.3

59.4

14.5

38.7

Manufacturing

5.16

86.29

131.9

113.9

55.9

15.9

36.8

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Gas and Water

8.68

86.78

47.4

184.4

61.3

0.6

22.2

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

4.94

82.78

62.5

137.5

61.3

17.6

39.5

Of which: Collective-owned Enterprises

6.56

85.19

138.6

100.2

62.0

14.2

26.8

        Joint-Stock Enterprises

5.19

86.23

113.2

115.9

58.0

15.2

32.9

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

5.84

85.70

122.1

102.9

55.0

15.6

50.6

Of which: Private Enterprises

5.49

87.85

182.1

111.9

52.5

12.0

25.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                 

  

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above Designated Size from January to August (Group by Industries)

 

Table III

Indicators

Revenue from

Principal Business

Total Profits

Jan-Aug  (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

Jan-Aug (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

Total

699743.4

1.3

37662.7

-1.9

Mining and Washing of Coal

16516.5

-13.9

256.3

-64.9

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

5304.3

-31.8

859.7

-67.3

Mining of Ferrous Metal Ores

4852.5

-19.2

270.9

-44.4

Mining of Non-Ferrous Metal Ores

3875.0

-0.2

279.6

-19.9

Mining And Processing of Nonmetal Ores

3401.3

5.1

232.0

5.0

Mining Support Service Activities

966.1

-19.6

1.9

-95.1

Mining of Other Ores N.E.C

15.3

-0.6

1.1

22.2

Processing of Food From Agricultural Products

40369.5

4.3

1790.6

11.7

Manufacture of Foods

13591.4

6.5

1078.8

11.9

Manufacture of Wines, Beverage and Refined Tea

11115.0

6.2

1116.8

10.9

Manufacture of Cigarettes And Tobacco

6408.5

2.0

920.1

-0.9

Manufacture of Textile

25255.8

5.9

1240.5

7.5

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel And Ornament

13661.3

6.0

732.5

6.3

Manufacture of  Leather, Fur, Feather Aad Its Products

9199.7

6.2

552.7

6.0

Processing of Timbers, Manufacture of  Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm, and Straw Products

8731.9

6.7

497.8

6.6

Manufacture of Furniture

4851.3

8.9

278.7

18.0

Manufacture of  Paper and Paper Products

8874.7

3.7

416.4

7.3

Printing, Reproduction of Recording Media

4451.9

7.8

312.1

4.3

Manufacture of  Articles for Culture, Education, Artwork, Sport and Entertainment Activity

9620.3

8.5

480.5

10.6

Processing of Petroleum, Coking, Processing of Nucleus Fuel

22675.8

-16.6

287.6

50.5

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material  and Chemical Products

53971.7

3.7

2675.2

12.1

Manufacture of Medicines

15820.9

9.0

1571.5

13.2

Manufacture of Chemical Fibres

4682.1

1.7

179.4

39.3

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

19722.9

5.7

1116.3

6.3

Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products

37032.1

3.7

2115.0

-8.0

Manufacture and Processing of Ferrous Metals

43191.6

-11.7

358.3

-51.6

Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

32656.9

2.5

736.0

3.5

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

23257.7

5.8

1172.7

9.3

Manufacture of General-Purpose Machinery

29952.7

1.5

1845.9

0.6

Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

22331.2

3.5

1216.7

-3.0

Manufacture of Motor Vehicles

43455.0

2.3

3624.8

-4.5

Manufacture of Railway Locomotives, Building of Ships and Boats, Manufacture of Air and Spacecrafts and Other Transportation Equipments

9952.5

6.7

554.1

1.9

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

43396.6

5.2

2414.5

12.1

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

55447.9

7.1

2257.7

13.9

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Meter

5394.8

7.1

407.0

5.9

Other Manufacturing

1452.2

7.4

83.7

14.7

Waste Recycling and Recovery

2316.9

1.8

104.2

44.1

Repair of  Fabricated Metal Products, Machinery and Equipment

496.2

1.7

23.2

21.5

Production and Supply of Electric Power and Heat Power

36746.0

-0.4

3246.7

13.8

Production and Distribution of Gas

3575.6

9.9

262.3

1.2

Production and Distribution of Water

1151.8

8.8

90.9

29.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanatory Notes:

 

Total Profits: refer to the final achievement of production and operation activities of the enterprises, represented by total profits after deducting losses (loss is expressed by the negative figure).

 

Revenue from Principal Business: refers to total income of enterprises gained from principal business operation.

 

Main Business Cost: refers to the total costs of enterprises incurred by principal business operation.

 

Total Assets: refers to the resources which are gotten from past transactions or events, owned or controlled by enterprises, and expected to bring economic benefits to the enterprises.

 

Total Liabilities: refers to the current obligation generated from past transactions or events, and expected an outflow of economic benefits from the enterprises.

 

Total Owners' Equity: refers to the residual interests after deducting liabilities, which belongs to the enterprises owners.

 

Accounts Receivable: refers to the creditor's rights due to the sale of goods, services, and other business activities, including the payment for goods, value-added tax, prepay freight and miscellaneous charges, to be collected from the customers.

 

Finished Goods: refers to manufactured products which are ready for sale by the end of report period.

 

Profit Margin From Principal Business = total profits / revenue from principal business × 100%, unit: %.

 

Costs of Revenue from Principal Business for per Hundred yuan = the cost of revenue from principal business / the revenue from principal business ×100, unit: yuan.

 

Main Business Income Brought by per Hundred yuan Assets =  main business income / average assets / the cumulative number of months × 12 × 100, unit: yuan.

 

Revenue from Principal Business per Capita = Revenue from Principal Business / Average Number of Employment / the cumulative number of months × 12, unit: 10 thousand yuan/ person.

 

Asset-Liability Ratio = total liabilities / total assets × 100%, unit: %.

 

Turnover Days of Finished Goods = 360 × average finished goods / main business cost × the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

Days Sales Outstanding (the number of days on average a company takes to collect its accounts receivable) = 360 ×average accounts receivable / revenue from principal business ×the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

In the columns of increase rate year-on-year of the three tables above, the “note” refers to  negative total profits in the same period last year, which means loss; the positive value refers to a year-on-year increase of profits; the negative value which is greater than or equal to  -100% refers to a year-on-year decrease of profits; the value less than -100% indicates turning gain in the same period last year into loss in current period; and the value of 0 indicates that the profit remains at the same level year-on-year.

 

State-holding enterprises refer to original state-owned and state-holding enterprises.

 

As the range of industrial enterprises above designated size changes every year, in order to ensure that the data of this year is comparable with that of last year, when calculating the year-on-year growth rate and growth amount of indicators, the statistical coverage of data in the same period is consistent with that of the current period, while is different with the data released last year.

 

2. Statistical Coverage

 

Industrial enterprises above designated size, which refer to industrial enterprises with revenue from principal business over 20 million yuan

 

3. Data Collection

 

The Financial Report of Enterprises Above Designated Size conducts complete survey by month (the data on January are not required to report).

 

4. Industrial Classification Standard

 

The Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities (GB/T 4754-2011) was implemented, please refer to http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz.

 

5. As the production and operation mode has been innovated continuously, and more diversification appears in enterprise management, it is more difficult to separate and calculate the financial data related to principal business, according to the current accounting standards. Therefore, since 2015, data of profit from principal business will not be released monthly, and the annual data will be calculated and released all at once at the end of the year.

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