Households' Income and Consumption Expenditure in the First Quarter of 2022
National Bureau of Statistics of China2022-04-20 17:09




I. Households' Income

In the first quarter, the national per capita disposable income was 10,345 yuan, a nominal increase of 6.3 percent over the previous year, and a real increase of 5.1 percent after deducting price factors. In terms of urban and rural areas, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 13,832 yuan, an increase of 5.4 percent (unless otherwise specified below, it was a year-on-year nominal increase). After deducting price factors, the actual increase was 4.2 percent; the per capita disposable income of rural residents was 5,778 yuan, an increase of 7.0 percent. After deducting price factors, the actual increase was 6.3 percent.

In the first quarter, the national median per capita disposable income was 8,504 yuan, an increase of 6.1 percent, and the median was 82.2 percent of the average. Among them, the median per capita disposable income of urban residents was 11,720 yuan, an increase of 5.7 percent, and the median was 84.7 percent of the average; The median per capita disposable income of rural residents was 4,608 yuan, an increase of 6.2 percent, and the median was 79.8 percent of the average.

The Average and median  per capita disposable income in the first quarter of 2022

 

According to income sources, in the first quarter, the per capita wage income of residents nationwide was 5,871 yuan, an increase of 6.6 percent, accounting for 56.8 percent of disposable income; the per capita net operating income was 1,733 yuan, an increase of 5.4 percent, accounting for 16.7 percent of disposable income; the per capita net property income was 920 yuan, an increase of 6.1 percent, accounting for 8.9 percent of disposable income; the per capita net transfer income was 1,822 yuan, an increase of 6.3 percent, accounting for 17.6 percent of disposable income.

II. Consumption Expenditure of Households

In the first quarter, the national per capita consumption expenditure was 6,393 yuan, a nominal increase of 6.9 percent over the previous year, and a real increase of 5.7 percent after deducting the influence of price factors. In terms of urban and rural areas, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 7,924 yuan, an increase of 5.7 percent. After deducting price factors, the actual growth was 4.4 percent; the per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents was 4,388 yuan, an increase of 8.6 percent. After deducting price factors, the actual increase was 7.8 percent.

In the first quarter, the national per capita consumption expenditure on food, tobacco and alcohol was 2,084 yuan, an increase of 4.9 percent, accounting for 32.6 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita clothing consumption expenditure was 1453 yuan, an increase of 3.6 percent, accounting for 7.1 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; The per capita residential consumption expenditure was 1435 yuan, an increase of 6.7 percent, accounting for 22.5 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; The per capita consumption expenditure of daily necessities and services was 356 yuan, an increase of 4.8 percent, accounting for 5.6 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita consumption expenditure on transportation and communication was 791 yuan, an increase of 12.7 percent, accounting for 12.4 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita consumption expenditure on education, culture and entertainment was 583 yuan, an increase of 6.9 percent, accounting for 9.1 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita consumption expenditure on health care was 528 yuan, an increase of 9.1 percent, accounting for 8.3 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure; the per capita consumption expenditure on other goods and services was 163 yuan, an increase of 17.1 percent, accounting for 2.5 percent of the per capita consumption expenditure.

Per capita consumption expenditure and composition in the first quarter of 2022

 

Table 1 Income and Expenditure Nationwide in the First Quarter of 2022

 

 

Item

Absolute Value

( yuan)

Y/Y(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Per Capita Income Nationwide

10345

6.35.1

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

13832

5.44.2

Rural Households

5778

7.06.3

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

5871

6.6

Net Business Income

1733

5.4

Net Income from Property

920

6.1

Net Income from Transfer

1822

6.3

Total Per Capita Income Nationwide Median

8504

6.1

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

11720

5.7

Rural Households

4608

6.2

Total Per Capita Expenditure Nationwide

6393

6.95.7

 Grouped by Permanent Residence

 

 

Urban Households

7924

5.74.4

Rural Households

4388

8.67.8

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

2084

4.9

Clothing

453

3.6

Residence

1435

6.7

Household facilities, articles and services

356

4.8

Transportation and telecommunication

791

12.7

Education, culture and recreation

583

6.9

Health care and medical services

528

9.1

Other goods and services

163

17.1

 

 

 

1. Per capita disposable income of households = per capita disposable income of urban households * proportion of urban population + per capita disposable income of rural households * proportion of rural population.

2. Nominal growth rate of per capita disposable income of households = (per capita disposable income of households in the current year / per capita disposable income of households in the previous year - 1) * 100%; actual growth rate of per capita disposable income of households = (per capita disposable income of households in the current year / per capita disposable income of households in the previous year / per capita consumer price index of households in the same period - 1) * 100%.

3. The per capita income and expenditure data of the whole country is based on the basic data of sampling survey of more than 100000 households, and weighted and summarized according to the number of households represented by each sample household. Influenced by urbanization, population migration and other factors, the composition of population in different periods has changed, which sometimes leads to the phenomenon that the growth rate of some income and Expenditure Projects of the whole country exceeds the growth range of corresponding income and Expenditure Projects of urban and rural households. It is mainly in the process of urbanization that some people with higher income in rural areas enter urban areas, but they belong to lower income groups in urban areas, and their migration has a pull down effect on part of the income and expenditure of urban and rural households; however, no matter in urban or rural areas, the growth effect will be reflected in the income and expenditure growth of all households.

4. In the growth column compared with the previous year, the data in brackets is the actual growth rate, while others are the nominal growth rate.

5. The average and median income are statistics reflecting the trend of households' income concentration. The average can not only directly reflect the overall situation, but also reflect the overall structure, which is convenient for the comparison of income levels of different groups, but also vulnerable to the influence of extreme data; the median reflects the situation of the object in the middle position, which is relatively stable and can avoid the influence of extreme data, but cannot reflect the structure.  

 

Table 2: Income and Expenditure of Urban and Rural Households in the First Quarter of 2022

 

 

Item

Absolute Value

(yuan)

Nominal Increase

Y/Y

(%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Per Capita Income of Urban Households

13832

5.4

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

8395

5.7

Net Business Income

1658

4.8

Net Income from Property

1495

4.9

Net Income from Transfer

2283

5.3

Total Per Capita Expenditure of Urban Households

7924

5.7

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

2514

4.6

Clothing

565

1.5

Residence

1879

5.4

Household facilities, articles and services

434

3.9

Transportation and telecommunication

957

12.1

Education, culture and recreation

727

3.0

Health care and medical services

632

7.7

Miscellaneous goods and services

216

15.5

Total Per Capita Income of Rural Households

5778

7.0

 Grouped by Income Source

 

 

Income of Wages and Salaries

2566

7.3

Net Business Income

1830

6.2

Net Income from Property

165

8.4

Net Income from Transfer

1217

7.6

Total Per Capita Expenditure of Rural Households

4388

8.6

 Grouped by Consumption Category

 

 

Food, tobacco and liquor

1520

4.8

Clothing

306

7.7

Residence

854

8.7

Household facilities, articles and services

253

6.0

Transportation and telecommunication

575

13.1

Education, culture and recreation

395

15.9

Health care and medical services

392

11.1

Other goods and services

93

19.6

 

 

 

           
           
Annotations:

 

1. Explanatory Notes

 

Disposable income of Households refers to the sum of final consumption expenditure and savings that residents can use, that is, the income that residents can use for free disposal, including both cash income and physical income. According to the source of income, disposable income includes wage and salary income, net business income, net property income and net transfer income.

 

Consumer spending refers to all the expenditures that residents use to meet their daily needs, including both cash and physical consumption. Consumer spending includes eight categories: food, tobacco and alcohol, clothing, housing, daily necessities and services, transportation and communication, education, culture and recreation, medical care and other supplies and services.

 

The median of the nationwide per capita disposable income of households refers to the per capita disposable income of households which lies in the middle of all surveyed households ranked from low to high on the basis of per capita disposable income level.

 

The quarterly income and expenditure data do not include the income and consumption of the self-produced and self-used parts of households, and the annual income and expenditure data includes.

 

2. Survey Methods

 

The national and sub urban and rural households' income and expenditure data comes from the household income and expenditure and living conditions survey organized and implemented by the National Bureau of Statistics, which is released quarterly.

 

Using stratified, multi-stage, probability sampling method proportional to the size of population, the National Bureau of Statistics randomly selected 160000 households in 1800 counties (cities, districts) of 31 provinces (regions, cities) as survey households.

 

According to the unified system and method, the survey organizations directly under the National Bureau of statistics will organize the household to record and collect the data of households' income, expenditure, family operation, production and investment; meanwhile, according to the unified questionnaire, collect other surveys such as the employment of household members and labor force, the ownership of housing and durable consumer goods, and the enjoyment of households' basic social and public services. After the completion of data collection, the municipal and county survey organizations use unified methods and data processing procedures to code, review and input the original investigation data, and then directly transmit the basic household data to the National Bureau of Statistics for unified summary and calculation.

 

3. Due to the rounding of some data, there are differences between total and subtotal.

 

Annex
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