Industrial Profits decreased 38.3 percent in the First Two Months of 2020
National Bureau of Statistics of China2020-03-30 09:30




In the first two months of 2020, the profits made by industrial enterprises above the designated size achieved 410.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 38.3 percent (calculated on comparable basis, see Annotations II for details).

 

In the first two months, among the industrial enterprises above the designated size, the profits of state-holding industrial enterprises gained 146.54 billion yuan, a decrease of 32.9 percent year-on-year, that of joint-stock enterprises stood at 315.88 billion yuan, fell by 33.6 percentage points, that of foreign funded enterprises, and enterprises funded from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan achieved 79.63 billion yuan, decreased by 53.6 percent; and that of private enterprises gained 120.83 billion yuan, a decrease of 36.6 percent.

 

In the first two months, the profits of mining and quarrying reached 55.31 billion yuan, a decrease of 21.1 percent year-on-year, that of manufacturing was 300.57 billion yuan, a decrease of 42.7 percent, that of production and distribution of electricity, heat, gas and water reached 54.82 billion yuan, down by 23.2 percent.

 

In the first two months, within 41 branches of industrial divisions, the industrial profits of 4 industrial divisions increased year-on-year, and that of 37 decreased. In view of the profit growth of major industries, that of manufacture of tobacco products, smelting and pressing of non-ferrous metals, extraction of petroleum and natural gas, processing of food from agricultural products, manufacture of computer, communication equipment and other electronic equipment, manufacture of motor vehicles, manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment, manufacture of chemical raw material and chemical products, manufacture of general-purpose machinery, manufacture of textile, special-purpose machinery, mining and washing of coal, manufacture of non-metallic mineral products, smelting and pressing of ferrous metals, production and supply of electric power and heat power, decreased by 31.5, 28.3, 23.7, 2.2, 87.0, 79.6, 68.2, 66.4, 62.3, 59.3, 55.1, 45.6, 37.0, 34.4 and 19.4 percent respectively, and processing of petroleum, coal and other fuels changed from profit to loss in the same period. 

 

In the first two months, the revenue from activities of industrial enterprises above the designated size reached 11.62 trillion yuan, decreased by 17.7 percent year-on-year. The costs of operating were 9.77 trillion yuan, down by 17.8 percent. The profit rate revenue from operating was 3.54 percent, a decrease of 1.17 percentage points year-on-year.

 

By the end of February, the total assets of industrial enterprises above the designated size was 114.97 trillion yuan, increased by 6.3 percent year-on-year; the total liabilities reached 64.74 trillion yuan, increased by 5.3 percent; the total owners' equity was 50.23 trillion yuan, increased by 7.6 percent. The asset-liability ratio was 56.3 percent, a decrease of 0.6 percentage point year-on-year.

 

By the end of February, the total volume of accounts receivable for industrial enterprises above designated hit 13.8 trillion yuan, went up by 12.2 percent year-on-year. The total inventory value of finished products for industrial enterprises accounted for 4,248.62 billion yuan, increased by 8.7 percent.

 

In the first two months, the costs for per-hundred-yuan of business income above the designated size stood at 84.07 yuan, a decrease of 0.02-yuan year-on-year, that of the expenses for per-hundred-yuan stood at 10.12 yuan, an increase of 0.87 yuan year-on-year.

 

By the end of February, the revenue activities brought by per-hundred-yuan assets above the designated size was 60.6 yuan, a decrease of 17.7 yuan year-on-year; the revenue from activities per capita was 1,020 thousand yuan, a decrease of 141 thousand yuan year-on-year; the turnover days of finished goods were 26.1 days, an increase of 6.4 days from that in the previous year; the days of accounts receivable hit an average of 71.3 days, an increase of 19.1 days year-on-year.

 

 

 

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in the First Two Months of 2020

 

Table I

Indicators

Operating Income

Operating Costs

Total Profits

Jan-Feb (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

     (%)

Jan-Feb (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

     (%)

Jan-Feb (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

     (%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

116164.4

-17.7

97661.3

-17.8

4107.0

-38.3

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

5129.9

-10.5

3653.9

-10.1

553.1

-21.1

Manufacturing

99249.7

-19.1

83517.4

-19.2

3005.7

-42.7

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

11784.8

-7.6

10490.0

-7.4

548.2

-23.2

 Of which:  State-holding Enterprises

36252.7

-11.5

29207.6

-11.3

1465.4

-32.9

                  Joint-Stock Enterprises

86234.7

-16.9

72110.6

-17.1

3158.8

-33.6

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

25306.3

-21.7

21554.5

-21.2

796.3

-53.6

Of which: Private Enterprises

35731.9

-20.5

30969.9

-20.5

1208.3

-36.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : 1.Due to the overlap of economic type grouping, the total is not equal to the total of sub-items.

2.Due to the rounding-off reasons, the subentries may not add up to the aggregate totals, no adjustment.

 

Quality Performance Indicators of Industrial Enterprises

above the Designated Size in the First Two Months of 2020

 

 

Table II

Indicators

Profit Rate of Revenue

Costs for per-hundred-yuan

 

Expenses for per-hundred-yuan

Revenue from Brought by per Hundred yuan Assets

Per captal Income

Asset-Liability Ratio

Turnover Days of Finished Goods

Average Payback Period of Accounts Receivable

Jan-Feb (%)

Jan- Feb (yuan)

Jan- Feb (yuan)

By the end of February (yuan)

By the end of February (10 thousand yuan/ person)

By the end of February (%)

By the end of February (days)

By the end of February (days)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

3.54

84.07

10.12

60.6

102.0

56.3

26.1

71.3

Of which: Mining and Quarrying

10.78

71.23

12.94

32.1

72.4

59.7

16.8

51.6

Manufacturing

3.03

84.15

10.39

69.5

98.0

55.3

29.7

75.7

Production and Distribution of Electricity, Heat, Gas and Water

4.65

89.01

6.65

35.9

213.1

59.2

0.9

42.7

 Of which: State-holding Enterprises

4.04

80.57

8.54

48.0

172.6

57.6

18.5

51.3

                  Joint-Stock Enterprises

3.66

83.62

10.13

58.2

102.2

57.0

26.9

68.1

Enterprises with Funds From Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and Foreign Funded Enterprises

3.15

85.17

10.93

68.6

98.5

52.5

26.1

89.4

Of which: Private Enterprises

3.38

86.67

9.68

81.7

80.2

58.0

28.7

67.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key Financial Indicators of Industrial Enterprises above the

Designated Size in the First Two Months of 2020 (Group by Industries)

 

Table III

Indicators

Operating Income

Operating Costs

Total Profits

Jan- Feb (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

      (%)

Jan- Feb (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

      (%)

Jan- Feb (100 million yuan)

Increase rate Y/Y

      (%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

116164.4

-17.7

97661.3

-17.8

4107.0

-38.3

Mining and Washing of Coal

2513.1

-16.3

1826.1

-12.9

192.0

-45.6

Extraction of Petroleum and Natural Gas

1345.3

8.1

789.5

2.8

324.6

23.7

Mining of Ferrous Metal Ores

451.1

-5.9

363.0

-5.3

4.0

-86.2

Mining of Non-Ferrous Metal Ores

281.1

-18.8

207.7

-17.3

25.5

-33.4

Mining And Processing of Nonmetal Ores

332.5

-24.4

253.0

-25.3

23.5

-31.3

Mining Support Service Activities

206.5

-6.5

214.4

-4.6

-16.5

(注1

Mining of Other Ores N.E.C

0.3

-80.0

0.2

-81.8

0.0

-100.0

Processing of Food From Agricultural Products

5762.6

-10.6

5187.4

-10.9

218.3

2.2

Manufacture of Foods

2375.6

-15.0

1818.9

-15.0

168.3

-33.5

Manufacture of Wines, Beverage and Refined Tea

1924.1

-19.9

1213.4

-21.5

299.5

-21.9

Manufacture of Cigarettes And Tobacco

2887.6

9.0

768.6

-3.9

424.7

31.5

Manufacture of Textile

2216.9

-30.5

1974.7

-30.6

40.5

-59.3

Manufacture of Textile Wearing Apparel And Ornament

1487.9

-28.1

1256.9

-28.4

55.0

-42.1

Manufacture of  Leather, Fur, Feather Aad Its Products

1124.2

-28.3

966.5

-28.4

54.8

-36.1

Processing of Timbers, Manufacture of  Wood, Bamboo, Rattan, Palm, and Straw Products

792.1

-27.5

705.2

-27.2

25.8

-41.2

Manufacture of Furniture

647.2

-30.6

541.9

-30.2

13.8

-67.5

Manufacture of  Paper and Paper Products

1375.4

-26.1

1171.2

-27.9

54.1

-22.5

Printing, Reproduction of Recording Media

631.6

-29.1

532.3

-29.1

16.5

-60.2

Manufacture of  Articles for Culture, Education, Artwork, Sport and Entertainment Activity

1311.7

-25.7

1133.5

-26.1

45.4

-42.3

Petroleum, coal and other Fuel Manufacturing

6709.5

-4.0

5887.6

1.5

-21.2

-116.7

Manufacture of Chemical Raw Material  and Chemical Products

7212.7

-21.0

6209.2

-19.6

156.7

-66.4

Manufacture of Medicines

3124.2

-8.6

1746.3

-7.9

414.9

-10.9

Manufacture of Chemical Fibres

835.8

-28.4

764.7

-29.2

4.0

-74.5

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

2444.7

-26.3

2082.7

-26.7

60.1

-52.9

Manufacture of Non-Metallic Mineral Products

5172.9

-21.9

4324.0

-21.7

266.6

-37.0

Manufacture and Processing of Ferrous Metals

8219.4

-11.4

7659.3

-11.5

128.9

-34.4

Manufacture and Processing of Non-Ferrous Metals

5960.5

-13.5

5610.2

-14.1

85.6

28.3

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products

3296.1

-25.2

2880.5

-25.3

80.9

-49.0

Manufacture of General-Purpose Machinery

3600.4

-25.7

2996.6

-25.3

82.1

-62.3

Manufacture of Special-Purpose Machinery

2751.0

-22.9

2200.5

-22.6

78.0

-55.1

Manufacture of Motor Vehicles

7489.4

-31.0

6444.6

-30.1

100.2

-79.6

Manufacture of Railway Locomotives, Building of Ships and Boats, Manufacture of Air and Spacecrafts and Other Transportation Equipments

983.0

-24.7

840.5

-24.6

9.6

-75.3

Manufacture of Electrical Machinery and Equipment

5732.4

-25.5

4900.7

-24.9

88.8

-68.2

Manufacture of Computer, Communication Equipment and Other Electronic Equipment

11825.4

-14.7

10558.4

-14.8

25.0

-87.0

Manufacture of Measuring Instrument and Meter

618.2

-25.2

480.5

-24.3

8.4

-71.7

Other Manufacturing

170.8

-23.7

144.5

-23.5

5.5

-47.6

Waste Recycling and Recovery

419.7

-19.3

386.7

-18.9

13.6

-34.6

Repair of  Fabricated Metal Products, Machinery and Equipment

146.8

-9.3

129.4

-3.6

1.5

-80.0

Production and Supply of Electric Power and Heat Power

9890.3

-6.8

8835.8

-6.7

479.9

-19.4

Production and Distribution of Gas

1494.9

-13.2

1346.3

-13.1

59.5

-34.5

Production and Distribution of Water

399.6

-4.8

307.8

-1.9

8.8

-68.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note : 1. In the same period of last year, mining professional and auxiliary activities lost 1.57 billion yuan.

2. Due to the rounding-off reasons, the subentries may not add up to the aggregate totals, no adjustment.

 

Annotations:

 

I. Explanatory Notes:

 

1. Total Profits: refer to the surplus of various revenue deducting various costs in the production process of enterprises, reflecting the total profit and loss in the report period.

 

2. Operating income: refers to the total amount of revenue of enterprises recognized by the principal business and other business operations.

 

3. Operating costs: refers to the total costs of enterprises incurred by the principal business and other business operations.

 

4. Total Assets: refers to the resources which are gotten from past transactions or events, owned or controlled by enterprises, and expected to bring economic benefits to the enterprises.

 

5. Total Liabilities: refers to the current obligation generated from past transactions or events, and expected an outflow of economic benefits from the enterprises.

 

6. Total Owners' Equity: refers to the residual interests after deducting liabilities, which belongs to the enterprise’s owners.

 

7. Accounts Receivable: refers to the amount that should be collected by an enterprise due to its business activities, such as selling goods and providing services, measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet date.

 

In the Notice on Revising and Printing the Format of Financial Statements of General Enterprises in 2019 (FA [2019] No. 6), the Ministry of Finance revised the format of financial statements of general enterprises. The items of "notes receivable and accounts receivable" are no longer listed in the balance sheet of enterprises, but "notes receivable" and "accounts receivable" are listed respectively. In order to be consistent with the financial statements of the enterprise, from 2020, the monthly "notes receivable and accounts receivable" data will be stopped and the "accounts receivable" data will be released instead. Relevant indicators shall be adjusted accordingly.

 

8. Finished Goods: refers to manufactured products which are ready for sale by the end of report period.

 

9. Profit Rate of Revenue from Principal Activities = total profits / revenue from principal activities × 100%, unit: %.

 

10. Costs for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = the costs of revenue from principal activities / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

11. Expenses for per-hundred-yuan Turnover of Principal Activities = (selling expenses + administrative expenses + financial expenses) / the revenue from principal activities ×100, unit: yuan.

 

12. Revenue from Activities Brought by per Hundred-yuan Assets = the revenue from activities / average assets / the cumulative number of months × 12 × 100, unit: yuan.

 

13. Revenue from Activities per Capita = revenue from activities / average number of employment / the cumulative number of months × 12, unit: 10 thousand yuan/ person.

 

14. Asset-Liability Ratio = total liabilities / total assets × 100%, unit: %.

 

15. Turnover Days of Finished Goods = 360 × average finished goods / revenue from activities × the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

16. Days Sales Outstanding (the number of days on average a company takes to collect its accounts receivable) = 360 ×average accounts receivable / revenue from activities ×the cumulative number of months / 12, unit: days.

 

17. In the columns of increase rate year-on-year of the three tables above, the “note” refers to negative total profits in the same period last year, which means loss; the positive value refers to a year-on-year increase of profits; the negative value which is greater than or equal to -100% refers to a year-on-year decrease of profits; the value less than -100% indicates turning gain in the same period last year into loss in current period; and the value of 0 indicates that the profits remain at the same level year-on-year.

 

II. The growth rates of the total profits and revenue from activities of industrial enterprises above designated size are calculated on a comparable basis. There are incomparable factors between the data in the reporting period and the same indicator data published in the previous year, which cannot be directly compared to calculate the growth rate. The main reasons are: (1) According to the statistical system, the survey coverage of industrial enterprises above designated size is adjusted regularly every year. Each year, some companies will be included in the survey after having reached designated size, and some will exit the survey due to their smaller size, and there are also influence of new built and starting enterprises, bankruptcies, and companies that have been suspended or sold. (2) By strengthening the statistical law enforcement, the enterprises found in the statistical law enforcement inspection that do not meet the industrial statistics requirements above designated size have been cleared, and relevant bases have been revised in accordance with regulations. (3) Strengthen data quality management and eliminate the cross-regional and cross-industry repeated calculation.

 

III. Statistical Coverage

 

Industrial enterprises above the designated size, which refer to industrial enterprises with revenue from principal activities over 20 million yuan.

 

IV. Data Collection

 

The Financial Report of Enterprises above the Designated Size conducts complete survey by month (the data on January are not required to report).

 

V. Industrial Classification Standard

 

The Industrial Classification for National Economic Activities (GB/T4754-2017) was implemented, please refer to http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjbz/hyflbz.

 

Annex
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