National Real Estate Development and Sales in 2016
National Bureau of Statistics of China2017-01-22 16:25




1. The completion of real estate investment

 

The total investment in real estate development in 2016 was 10,258.1 billion yuan, a nominal increase of 6.9 percent year-on-year (the real growth rate was 7.5 percent, after deducting price factors), 0.4 percentage points higher over the first eleven months. Of which, the investment in residential buildings was 6,870.4 billion yuan, up by 6.4 percent, 0.4 percentage points higher, and accounted for 67.0 percent of real estate development investment.

 

 

 

In 2016, the real estate investment in eastern region stood at 5,623.3 billion yuan, up by 5.6 percent over last year, and the growth rate went up by 0.4 percentage points over the first eleven months; the central region stood at 2,328.6 billion yuan, went up by 10.7 percent, and an increase of  0.1 percentage point; western region stood at 2,306.1 billion yuan, up by 6.2 percent, and an increase of 0.4 percentage points.

 

In 2016, the floor space under construction by the real estate development enterprises accounted for 7,589.75 million square meters, up by 3.2 percent over last year, and increased 0.3 percentage points over the first eleven months. Of which, the floor space of residential building construction area was 5,213.10 million square meters, up by 1.9 percent. The floor space started this year was 1,669.28 millions square meters, up by 8.1 percent, and the growth rate increased 0.5 percentage points. Specifically, the floor space of residential buildings started in the year amounted to 1,159.11 million square meters, up by 8.7 percent. The floor space of buildings completed stood at 1,061.28 million square meters, went up by 6.1 percent, and the growth rate dropped by 0.3 percentage points. Of which, the floor space completed of residential buildings stood at 771.85 million square meters, went up by 4.6 percent.

 

In 2016, the land area purchased by the real estate development enterprises totaled 220.25 million square meters, a decrease of 3.4 percent over last year, and the pace of decline narrowed by 0.9 percentage points over the first eleven months. The total transaction of land reached 912.9 billion yuan, increased 19.8 percent, and the growth rate dropped by 1.6 percentage points.

 

 

 

2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

 

In 2016, the floor space of commercial buildings sold stood at 1,573.49 million square meters, an increase of 22.5 percent over last year, and down by 1.8 percentage points over the first eleven months. Of the total, the floor space of residential buildings increased 22.4 percent, office building increased 31.4 percent, and buildings for business use increased 16.8 percent. The sales of commercial buildings amounted to 11,762.7 billion yuan, an increase of 34.8 percent, down by 2.7 percentage points. Specifically, the sales of residential buildings went up by 36.1 percent, office buildings up by 45.8 percent, buildings for commercial business up by 19.5 percent.

 

 

 

In 2016, the sale of floor space of commercial buildings in eastern region amounted to 728.94 million square meters, an increase of 22.7 percent over last year, down by 2.8 percentage points over the first eleven months. The amount of sales stood at 7,233.1 billion yuan, went up by 38.7 percent, a decrease of 3.6 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in central region amounted to 461.08 million square meters, increased 28.4 percent, a decrease of 2.3 percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 2,525.0 billion yuan, increased 38.7 percent, a decrease of 3.3 percentage points. The sale of floor space of commercial buildings in western region amounted to 383.46 million square meters, an increase of 15.6 percent, a decrease of 0.2 percentage points. The amount of sales stood at 2,004.6 billion yuan, went up by 18.3 percent, and a decrease of 0.3 percentage points.

 

At the end of 2016, the floor space of commercial housing for sale reached 695.39 million square meters, increased 44.4 million square meters compared with that at the end of November. Of which, the residential buildings for sale decreased 2.0 million square meters, office buildings increased 1.95 million square meters, buildings for business use increased 2.34 million square meters.

 

3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 

In 2016, the sources of funds for real estate development enterprises reached 14,421.4 billion yuan, up by 15.2 percent over last year, and an increase of 0.2 percentage points over the first eleven months. Specifically, the domestic loans stood at 2,151.2 billion yuan, increased 6.4 percent, foreign investment stood at 14.0 billion yuan, down by 52.6 percent, self-raising funds stood at 4,913.3 billion yuan, up by 0.2 percent, and other sources stood at 7,342.8 billion yuan, up by 31.9 percent. Among the other sources of funds, deposits and advance payments totaled 4,195.2 billion yuan, increased 29.0 percent, personal mortgage loans totaled 2,440.3 billion yuan, up by 46.5 percent.

 

 

 

4. National Real Estate Climate Index

 

In December, the national real estate climate index was 94.08, increased 0.04 points month-on-month.

 

Investment in Real Estate Development for 2016

 

Indicators

Absolute

Value

Growth Rate

Year-on-Year

(%)

 

 

 

 Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

102581

6.9

  Of which: Residential Buildings

68704

6.4

      Office Buildings

6533

5.2

      Buildings for Commercial Business

15838

8.4

 Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

758975

3.2

  Of which: Residential Buildings

521310

1.9

      Office Buildings

35029

6.0

      Buildings for Commercial Business

104572

4.5

 Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

166928

8.1

  Of which: Residential Buildings

115911

8.7

      Office Buildings

6415

-2.3

      Buildings for Commercial Business

22317

-0.9

 Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

106128

6.1

 Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

77185

4.6

 Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

3629

6.1

  Of which: Residential Buildings

12518

4.1

      Office Buildings

22025

-3.4

      Buildings for Commercial Business

9129

19.8

 Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

157349

22.5

  Of which: Residential Buildings

137540

22.4

      Office Buildings

3826

31.4

      Buildings for Business Use

10812

16.8

 Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

117627

34.8

  Of which: Residential Buildings

99064

36.1

      Office Buildings

5484

45.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

10581

19.5

 Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

69539

-3.2

  Of which: Residential Buildings

40257

-11.0

      Office Buildings

3631

10.8

      Buildings for Commercial Business

15838

8.0

 Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

 (100 million yuan)

144214

15.2

  Of which: Domestic Loans

21512

6.4

      Foreign Investment

140

-52.6

      Self-raising Funds

49133

0.2

      Other Sources of Funds

73428

31.9

      Deposits and Advance Payments

41952

29.0

      Personal Mortgage

24403

46.5

 

 

 

 

Real Estate Investment in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for 2016

 

Regions

Investment

(100 million yuan)

 

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

102581

68704

6.9

6.4

Eastern

56233

37891

5.6

6.3

Central

23286

16208

10.7

9.9

Western

23061

14605

6.2

2.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern,

Central and Western Regions for 2016

 

Regions

Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

Sales of Commercial Buildings

Absolute

Value

(10,000 Sq.m)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

Absolute

Value

(100 million yuan)

Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

 

 

 

 

 

National Total

157349

22.5

117627

34.8

Eastern

72894

22.7

72331

38.7

Central

46108

28.4

25250

38.7

Western

38346

15.6

20046

18.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotations:

 

1. Explanation of Indicator

 

The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

 

Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

 

Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

 

Floor space of commercial housing for sale: refers to the floor space of commercial housing having not been sold or rented, among the floor space of commercial housing for sale or for rent finished at the end of report period. The floor space of housing completed in previous years and in current period is included, while the floor space of housing not for sale or for rent, such as housing removal and compensation, unified construction and agent-construction, public buildings, housing for own use of real estate companies, relocation housing, is not included.

 

 

The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

 

Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-storey buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

 

Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation can not be separated.

 

Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally handed over to be used.

 

Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

 

Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc.. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

 

2. Statistics coverage

 

All real estate development and corporate business units.

 

3. Survey methods

 

Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

 

4. Brief description on national real estate climate index

 

National real estate climate index fluctuations follow by the economic cycle theory, according to the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, based on the use of time series, multivariate statistical, econometric analysis, use the real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selected related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, conducted by the seasonal factors and random factors, adopting the growth rate cycle method. National real estate index selected year 2000 as the base year, its growth rate set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

 

5. Division on Eastern, Central and Western Regions

 

Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang.

 

6. Calculation on Growth Rate

 

The growth rate of real estate investment is nominal growth rate, due to the investment in fixed assets price index was calculated on quarterly, in addition to the January-March, January-June January-September, and January-December was calculated on computable real growth rate, the other months only calculated the nominal growth rate.

FAQs  |  About NBS  |  Contact Us  |  Copyright National Bureau of Statistics of China,2012